Thanks to the opportunities offered by the Internet et digital technology, open science enables more cumulative progress, backed by sharing of scientific content. This serves to accelerate innovation processes and develop new value-added services, the final aim being toenable societies in the global South to achieve the sustainable development goals.
A national plan that fits into the global science ecosystem
After an initial plan in 2018, France has a second national open science plan (2021-2024), confirming French research's long-term commitment to the global movement.
The plan makes it compulsory to allow open access to publications and – as far as possible – to data generated by publicly-funded research. It supports major initiatives to structure the landscape surrounding publications and data, by dovetailing with the long-term European and global drive.
Open science: an institutional principle at CIRAD
Since 2006, CIRAD has supported the principles of open access to knowledge. It has made an institutional commitment to step up the sharing of research results, expertise and training operations with its partners in the global South, in the fields of agriculture and sustainable development in tropical, subtropical and Mediterranean zones.
CIRAD's ambition is to manage and share research data and software in line with FAIR principles (Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability and Reusability). Within the open data-open source movement, such practices are key factors in an open science policy aiming for transparent, ethical, responsible research that satisfies the requirements of research donors.
The shift towards an open research data model raises several types of issues: scientific, geopartnership-related, societal and legal. CIRAD intends to tackle those challenges by means of an institutional policy of open science, to ensure ethical research that benefits its partners.