CIRAD - Emplois / Jobs - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Ingénieur·e en biologie végétale, chargé de la gestion et de la valorisation des herbiers Cirad <p> Le Cirad dispose d’herbiers conséquents, outils de recherche pour l’analyse et la compréhension de la biodiversité végétale. Les échantillons qui composent ces herbiers ont été et sont collectés depuis plusieurs décennies et dans des situations pédoclimatiques variées. Vos principales missions consisteront, en partenariat avec des chercheurs d’autres unités du Cirad (botanique, foresterie, agroécologie) à : </p> <ul> <li>Gérer les herbiers (maintenir et entretenir les échantillons) et répondre aux demandes d’utilisation des collections,</li> <li>Produire et organiser des données à partir des échantillons en adaptant et développant de nouveaux protocoles de mesures (utilisation d’outils tels que la spectrométrie en proche infrarouge, l’analyse d’images, biologie moléculaire),</li> <li>Collaborer, en lien avec les gestionnaires de BDD et d’entrepôts de données au Cirad, avec les responsables des herbiers nationaux et internationaux,</li> <li>Contribuer aux activités de nos partenaires du Sud par des missions de terrain et dans le cadre de projets de recherche.</li> </ul> <p class="MsoNormal"> Les objectifs de votre travail concerneront les diverses finalités du Cirad, la mise au point de méthodes, la formation des partenaires, la production de données de grande valeur scientifique sur de très larges gradients de diversité et de contexte pédoclimatique, au travers d’une gestion rigoureuse et d’une valorisation scientifique et technique des collections d’herbiers. </p> Fri, 15 Jun 2018 11:14:23 +0200 Zootechnician, specialist in feeding systems for ruminants (M/F) <p class="MsoNormal"> You will develop research with the aim of designing feeding systems for ruminants on rangeland that combine zootechnical and environmental performance in tropical or Mediterranean livestock farming environments characterised by heavy constraints and high intra- and interannual variability. </p> <p> The research questions addressed in a multidisciplinary framework will focus as much on the response of animals to food constraints as on food resources themselves, and on the importance of animals and their food in optimising the flow of organic matter, from the production stage to release into the soil and the atmosphere (greenhouse gas emissions). The results will be integrated into global mechanistic models (from grass to land use option) developed in the Selmet joint research unit (UMR) and in other scientific groupings. </p> <ul> <li>How can natural or cultivated fodder resources and crop by-products be better developed by taking advantage of their complementarity? </li> <li>How can the adaptive capacities of animals (cyclicity of intake, digestion, mobilization of body reserves, etc.) and the management of diverse and variable resources in time and space be combined?</li> <li>How to identify the best compromises in feed management at herd and individual levels between the different purposes (productive, environmental, economic) of livestock farming activities?</li> <li>What efficiency gains (multi-criteria approaches) can be obtained by feeding in interaction with other drivers (genetic and physiological)?</li> </ul> Mon, 11 Jun 2018 16:07:11 +0200 Agro-Hydraulic Engineer, PhD (M/F) <p class="MsoNormal"> In an interdisciplinary knowledge-producing environment, the researcher will seek to qualify necessary adaptations to the hydraulic and hydrological components studied for the collective exploration of water management and development scenarios. </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> Research primarily focuses on the necessary level of appropriateness between: 1) the accuracy of the inputs and outputs of the models and their relevance for the stakeholders; and 2) the ability of coupled models to take into account climatic variability and risks, in order to facilitate decision-making and to support discussions between stakeholders. </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> Research and expert-assessment work will have to be carried out in the field, in partnership with the stakeholders, users and managers of the resource and as part of research-development operations and expert assessments. This work will mainly consist of adapting and improving existing models and tools on the basis of their ability to produce information that either responds to the questions/concerns of the various stakeholders or is useful for discussions with them. </p> <p> The researcher will make use of both modelling and diagnosis methods and field analysis/observation methods. He or she will have to be familiar with obtaining and analysing standardised data using hydraulic metrology and with interpreting more qualitative data produced during collective workshops and surveys. </p> Tue, 22 May 2018 11:56:03 +0200 Management science researcher specialised in digital agriculture for the support of the agroecological transition (M/F) <p> The rise of digital technology (ICT, big data, IA, etc.) is transforming construction, mediation and knowledge-sharing processes between stakeholders for the co-design of innovation in agriculture and is also modifying the organisation of advisory and support services. The situation of southern countries reveals specificities related to the types of innovation, particularly with frugal innovations. However, at both the production level and value chain level, digital agriculture is not free of tensions. The position involves understanding how digital technology can contribute to the agroecological transition through the construction of new knowledge and the facilitation of learning. </p> <p> More specifically, it involves the following: </p> <p> 1) questioning the effects of these new organizational arrangements and digital tools on the evolution of production systems and value chains with regard to the agroecological transition; </p> <p> 2) questioning the design of these digital tools with stakeholders and the use of these tools by farmers, value chains players and advisers; </p> <p> 3) thinking about the insertion of these digital tools in organisational arrangements. The position will involve combining comparative analyses of support-advisory services, surveys on learning and the transformation of farmers' and advisors' practices, as well as action-research with digital and consulting stakeholders, in order to develop generic methods of digital tool co-design. </p> Thu, 03 May 2018 18:38:31 +0200