CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Deuxième round pour la plate-forme française d’épidémiosurveillance en santé animale <p> La plate-forme française de surveillance épidémiologique en santé animale (ESA) se renforce avec la signature d’une nouvelle convention-cadre et l’entrée, avec l’Inra, de son dixième membre. Cette signature a eu lieu le 20 juin 2018 par le directeur général de l’Alimentation en présence des neuf autres membres de la plate-forme, dont le Cirad. </p> Thu, 12 Jul 2018 16:43:34 +0200 The highly complex sugarcane genome has finally been sequenced <p> Sugarcane was the last major cultivated plant to have its genome sequenced. This was because of its huge complexity: the genome comprises between 10 and 12 copies of each chromosome, when the human genome has just two. It was an international team coordinated by CIRAD that achieved this milestone, as reported in <em>Nature Communication</em> on 6 July. It will now be possible to &quot;modernize&quot; the methods used to breed sugarcane varieties. This will be a real boon to the sugar and biomass industry. </p> Tue, 10 Jul 2018 10:59:04 +0200 Innovation et développement dans les systèmes agricoles et alimentaires <p> A book looking at innovation within agricultural and food systems. It particularly highlights support for innovation, notably in terms of methods and organizations, and assessment of innovations as regards various criteria. </p> Thu, 28 Jun 2018 10:54:16 +0200 Usutu: an African virus under surveillance in Europe <p> In an article to be published in the journal <em>Médecine/Sciences</em> [1], researchers from INSERM, CIRAD, ANSES, the University of Montpellier and the Montpellier teaching hospital take stock of the emergence of Usutu virus in Europe, which has been characterized by episodes of increased bird deaths. The virus was suspected in a patient hospitalized in Montpellier in 2016, a diagnosis confirmed and published in May 2018 in the journal <em>Emerging Infectious Diseases</em> [2]. Two strains of the virus have been detected in mosquitoes in Camargue, one of which is assumed to have caused the human case in 2016 [3]. </p> Fri, 22 Jun 2018 13:17:22 +0200 A new strategic vision to boost the impact of research on development <p> Interview with CIRAD President Managing Director Michel Eddi, on the new CIRAD strategic vision for 2018-2028. </p> Mon, 18 Jun 2018 16:41:52 +0200 Strengthening health decision-making at the territorial level: operational support for spatial multi-criteria evaluation <p> It is now possible to map diseases in regions for which epidemiological data are scarce. Spatial multi-criteria evaluation is a rigorous method that is quick to implement, and was developed by CIRAD and its partners. Animal health and veterinary public health policymakers are still relatively unfamiliar with this method, but it is suited to regions with little access to reliable epidemiological data, such as low-income countries in the South or disease-free areas. Animal diseases and zoonoses - infectious diseases that can be transmitted between animals and humans - are a global socio-economic and public health problem: ensuring the surveillance and control of these diseases means identifying high risk areas in both North and South. </p> Fri, 15 Jun 2018 15:49:21 +0200 Public policies to support agroecology in Latin America and the Caribbean <p> Agroecology in Latin America emerged in response to the social, economic, environmental and climate crises observed in conventional agriculture. It is driven by social movements and is gradually being taken into account in public policies.<br />These policies involve a range of instruments that are often embedded in programmes that also support organic agriculture and sustainable agriculture, types that unlike agroecology do not question the basis of the conventional agri-food system. This issue of <em>Perspective </em> analyses these policies and their influence on the development of agroecology in eight countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Mexico, and Nicaragua. These policies remain fragile, while support for large-scale conventional agriculture is still predominant, and implementing instruments in favour of agroecology thus depends on the power relations in each country. The challenge is therefore to convince more broadly farmers, consumers and policymakers about the importance of issues such as public health and food security. </p> <p> </p> Thu, 14 Jun 2018 14:37:26 +0200 Climate change | CIRAD signs an agreement with the Tunisian Ministry of Agriculture <p> On 29 May, CIRAD signed a partnership agreement with Tunisia for implementation of a programme of adaptation to climate change in vulnerable territories (PACTE). The aim is to assist the Tunisian Ministry of Agriculture with integrated rural development projects. </p> Thu, 07 Jun 2018 11:42:38 +0200 Bacteria ensure square meal for bloodsucking ticks <p> How do ticks live solely on blood? A study presented in Current Biology (May 31, 2018) has elucidated the crucial role played by symbiotic bacteria that synthesize B vitamins. These nutrients are scarcely found in the blood ticks ingest but are essential to their life cycle. Thus ticks cannot survive to adulthood or reproduce without their bacterial symbionts. The study conducted by CNRS and CIRAD researchers has also shown that the bacteria inherited their B vitamin synthesis pathways from a pathogenic ancestor whose genome underwent gradual degradation. </p> Fri, 01 Jun 2018 10:48:37 +0200 Sandrine Dury: "We need to recognize the huge role women play in food systems" <p> The 2018 edition of European Development Days is devoted to the importance of gender and women's empowerment for development. Interview with Sandrine Dury, a CIRAD economist specializing in gender issues, ahead of the <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">session Hidden hunger: Produce more or empower more? Why gender matters</a> being organized by CIRAD in Brussels on 5 June. </p> Thu, 31 May 2018 18:34:39 +0200 Jacques Tassin: "First and foremost, it's our lifestyle that is eroding biodiversity" <p> To mark World Biodiversity day, Jacques Tassin comments on the IPBES report published in March, which raised the alarm about shrinking global biodiversity. Jacques Tassin, an ecologist with CIRAD, was one of 550 experts involved. He looked particularly at the state of biodiversity in Africa. </p> Tue, 22 May 2018 19:06:01 +0200 Florilège: a gateway to the agro-biodiversity in France <p> The available information on the main agricultural genetic resources held in France is now accessible on line, on <em>Florilège</em> . This web portal, which was launched to mark World Biodiversity Day, describes 37 crop collections* held by INRA, CIRAD and the IRD, at their biological resource centres (BRCs). </p> Tue, 22 May 2018 10:32:42 +0200 #EDD18 – Empowering women and fighting hidden hunger <p> </p> <a name="eztoc151645_0_1" id="eztoc151645_0_1"></a><h3>Making women more independent is a major possible lever for food and nutritional security in sub-Saharan Africa. In some African regions, despite surplus cereal production, women’s lack of financial independence leads to chronic malnutrition in children. This will be illustrated in a session entitled “Hidden hunger: Produce more or empower more?” organized by CIRAD at the 2018 edition of European Development Days in Brussels. This year’s event, to be held on 5 and 6 June, is devoted to the role of women in development.</h3> <p> </p> Thu, 17 May 2018 11:35:06 +0200 Deforestation is threatening Madagascar's unique biodiversity <p class="MsoNormal"> 44% of Madagascar's natural forests have disappeared over the past 60 years. And that deforestation has speeded up since 2005. This was the conclusion of a new study ppublished in <em>Biological Conservation</em> . Almost 90% of the species found in Madagascar are endemic, so it is a unique biodiversity that is under threat, particularly since the forests that are left are highly fragmented. The article's authors are sounding the alarm! </p> Thu, 17 May 2018 11:16:29 +0200 Global surveillance of human and animal health: three events to prevent health risks <p> CIRAD, ENVT, INRA, ANSES and IRD are organising three events from 14 to 18 May at Montpellier SupAgro on the socio-economics of animal health, and health surveillance. Objectives: to strengthen cross-sectorial collaboration and North-South partnerships in order to optimise global surveillance of human and animal health and ensure that health policy decisions take greater account of social and economic factors. </p> Mon, 07 May 2018 16:19:16 +0200 Rice and its unsuspected genetic diversity <p> The genetic diversity of 3010 rice varieties has been analysed. This work, published on 25 April in <em>Nature,</em> was conducted by an international consortium including CIRAD. The study revealed very substantial genetic diversity, notably linked to the geographical origin of the different varieties and correlated to the adaptation capacities of the crop. This is a godsend in these times of global change, when adaptation is a major issue. These results represent the largest set of documented genomic variations for a cultivated species. They are available on open access, making them a valuable tool for breeders all over the world. </p> Fri, 04 May 2018 12:46:49 +0200 Vectopole Sud, a Montpellier network innovating to control vector insects and crop pests <p> Vectopole Sud was officially launched on 3 May 2018 at Agropolis International. This Montpellier network, which specialises in insects of medical, veterinary and agricultural interest, is the only one of its kind in Europe. It brings together five partners from research and higher education: CIRAD, CNRS, INRA, IRD and Montpellier University, and EID Méditerranée, France’s main public mosquito control agency. Their goal: to pool infrastructure and expertise in order to innovate to control crop pests and arthropods, which transmit pathogens that cause infectious human or animal diseases. </p> Thu, 03 May 2018 11:27:17 +0200 Pl@ntNet opens up to tropical Africa <p> 1300 African flora species can now be identified using the Pl@ntNet app, which is continuing to be enriched by its six million amateur botanist users worldwide. </p> Wed, 25 Apr 2018 14:23:53 +0200 ICOPE 2018: science-based solutions for sustainable palm oil production <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>For the sixth time since 2007, CIRAD is working with the Indonesian Sinar Mas Group and WWF Indonesia to organise the ICOPE Conference on Oil Palm and Environment. This year, the theme is “Solutions for Local Production and Global Change”. The conference will be held from 25 to 27 April 2018 in Bali, Indonesia.</strong> </p> Thu, 19 Apr 2018 10:42:41 +0200 Une charte de déontologie explicite l’engagement éthique du Cirad <p> L’éthique constitue un repère fort au sein du Cirad. Après avoir signé en 2015 la charte nationale de la déontologie des métiers de la recherche, le Cirad déploie désormais une charte qui lui est spécifique. Cette charte propose notamment une déclinaison particulière adaptée au partenariat en recherche pour le développement ainsi qu’à ses collaborations avec le secteur privé. </p> Fri, 13 Apr 2018 18:09:35 +0200