CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Le Cirad fête la science à Montpellier et sur le web <p> Cette année, la Fête de la science invite le public à s’interroger sur notre rapport à la nature et notre impact sur l’environnement. Retrouvez les chercheurs du Cirad à Montpellier, mais aussi en ligne ! </p> Thu, 24 Sep 2020 13:57:40 +0200 Retour sur une épidémie annoncée, avec le nouvel ouvrage Serge Morand <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>La surprise de la Covid-19 n’en était pas vraiment une pour de nombreux scientifiques qui travaillent sur les maladies émergentes. Serge Morand, dans un nouvel ouvrage paru chez Fayard en septembre 2020, revient sur l’accablement qu’il a ressenti durant les mois qui ont précédé l’épidémie. L’écologue et spécialiste des maladies infectieuses pointe du doigt nos pratiques agricoles et dresse constat pessimiste mais nécessaire des évolutions récentes.</strong> </p> Wed, 23 Sep 2020 11:08:46 +0200 Eviter les épidémies en modifiant les pratiques agricoles et alimentaires <p> Connaitre les mécanismes de transmission virale entre humains et chauve-souris est incontournable pour empêcher l’émergence de foyers épidémiques. Des scientifiques ont mobilisé plusieurs disciplines pour étudier la circulation du virus Nipah au Cambodge. Ensemble, épidémiologistes, écologues, virologistes et anthropologues ont analysé la circulation du virus entre chauves-souris et humains, puis identifié les pratiques humaines associées à un risque de contamination. Ces travaux ont fait l’objet d’une publication dans le dernier bulletin de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé. </p> Tue, 22 Sep 2020 10:25:10 +0200 Climate change | Drought reduces carbon uptake and crop yields <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>A series of studies conducted across the European continent, published in September 2020 in Philosophical Transactions B, shows how natural and cultivated areas react to droughts. The findings indicate that in 2018, carbon sinks in Europe diminished by almost 20 %, and crop yields by 40 % in Northern and Eastern Europe. CIRAD plans to develop these approaches in other parts of the world, especially in Africa and South America, to clarify the impacts of extreme weather conditions on food production and food security. The goal is to better anticipate the effects of climate change on agriculture in order to adapt to it.</strong> </p> Mon, 21 Sep 2020 14:34:02 +0200 Patrick Caron intègre le conseil d’administration du CGIAR <p> Patrick Caron fait partie des huit membres internationaux nommés au conseil d'administration du CGIAR, système partenarial international de centres de recherche pour le développement. Chercheur au Cirad et ancien directeur général délégué à la recherche et à la stratégie de l’établissement, il est actuellement vice-président de l’Université de Montpellier, directeur de l’Institut d’études avancées de l’I- Site MUSE et président d’Agropolis International. </p> Mon, 21 Sep 2020 14:22:36 +0200 Elisabeth Claverie de Saint-Martin: "CIRAD has always believed bringing stakeholders together is the way to achieve sustainable development" <p> As Elisabeth Claverie de Saint-Martin, CIRAD Director General in charge of Research and Strategy, prepares to participate on 28 September 2020 in the first <em>Rencontres du Développement Durable</em> , she sets out her thoughts on how to achieve sustainable development. </p> Fri, 18 Sep 2020 17:24:52 +0200 CIRAD launches Cirad’Innov® <p> CIRAD has launched a new brand, Cirad’Innov®, to promote its work to businesses, professional federations, NGOs, territorial authorities and public agencies, among others. With this brand, the organization hopes to boost the visibility and clarity of its expertise, solutions, appraisals and training courses, to foster partnerships with the socioeconomic players it is keen to work with to ensure sustainable development. </p> Thu, 17 Sep 2020 17:29:03 +0200 The Plant Protection Platform is expanding <p> Work to extend the Réunion Plant Protection Platform began this year. With almost 3000 m², this will make the experimental facility, run by CIRAD and its partners, one of the organization's largest research infrastructures. The work is due to be completed by 2022. </p> Mon, 14 Sep 2020 10:55:21 +0200 TerrAmaz: a new partnership to reconcile the fight against deforestation with development in the Amazon <p> The TerrAmaz project will serve to support Amazonian communities, starting with five pilot territories in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, in the fight against deforestation and the transition to sustainable development pathways. The project, coordinated by CIRAD, in partnership with ONF-International and AVSF, with 9.5 million euros of financial support from AFD over four years, was launched on 10 September. TerrAmaz fits in with France's commitment to an International Alliance for the Preservation of Forests and the national strategy against imported deforestation (SNDI). </p> Thu, 10 Sep 2020 18:32:28 +0200 One Health: integrating ecosystem health to boost operational potential <p> <strong>In an opinion paper published on 9 September in the journal </strong> <em><strong>The</strong> </em> <strong> </strong> <em><strong>Lancet Planetary Health</strong> </em> <strong>, researchers from CIRAD, the Royal Veterinary College and Mahidol University call for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to be included in efforts to make the One Health approach more operational driven by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Organisation for Animal health (OIE). The goal is to make ecosystem health central to this approach, which addresses health holistically.</strong> </p> Thu, 10 Sep 2020 11:34:36 +0200 CoFor-AGB: an exceptional dataset to study carbon stocks in dense rainforests in Africa <p> CIRAD and IRD have provided the international scientific community with a database produced from almost 100 000 hectares of dense forest inventories in Central Africa. Published in the journal<em> Nature-<em>Scientific Data</em> </em> , this database gives forest carbon stocks for tens of thousands of square kilometres. In the future, it will be used as a reference for a set of analyses, especially scientific ones, on tropical rainforests and biomass stocks at the global level. </p> Tue, 08 Sep 2020 13:58:52 +0200 DINAMIS: simpler access to spatial images <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Since this summer, the <a href="" target="_self">DINAMIS</a> portal, a national institutional satellite image sharing platform, has made it easier for a range of users to access very high spatial resolution images. Making data from satellite systems easier to use will enable their application for research, land use and territorial planning, environmental monitoring and management, innovation purposes or to create added value (in the fields of earth, environmental, agricultural and social sciences). Development of the platform was led by six founding organizations: CNES, CNRS, IGN, INRAE, IRD and CIRAD.</strong> </p> Fri, 04 Sep 2020 11:35:49 +0200 In Vietnam, the quick sale of poultry in response to avian diseases may increase deadly virus transmission <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Small-scale poultry farmers in Vietnam tend to respond to viral outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) by rapidly selling their birds as a way to avoid financial loss, according to a new study by an international team of researchers, published in <em>eLife</em> on 25 August 2020. As this poultry is mixed with other birds in markets and trading networks, this practice may increase the likelihood of widespread disease transmission. These findings could have implications for government policymaking in the parts of the world where small-scale poultry farming and avian influenza coexist.</strong> </p> Tue, 01 Sep 2020 13:04:11 +0200 CIRAD's position on modern genome editing technology <p> CIRAD is establishing its position as regards the modern genome editing technology likely to modify agricultural production systems worldwide. This position paper reiterates the six principles set out by INRAE (ex-INRA) following the statement issued by the organizations' Ethics Committee in March 2018 in response to a 2016 request from CIRAD and INRA. It also introduces a vital aspect in terms of international scientific cooperation in support of tropical and Mediterranean countries, by setting out the terms and conditions of such partnerships. </p> Tue, 01 Sep 2020 12:56:41 +0200 Le Cirad participe aux premières Rencontres du Développement Durable initiées par l’Institut Open Diplomacy <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>La première édition des </strong> <strong>Rencontres du Développement Durable (“Les RDD”) a lieu du 22 au 29 septembre 2020, à l’occasion du cinquième anniversaire des Objectifs de Développement Durable (ODD) adoptés par l’ONU. Le Cirad est partenaire de cet événement organisé par l'Institut Open Diplomacy.</strong> </p> Mon, 24 Aug 2020 09:48:35 +0200 The pandemic will inevitably have consequences for conservation of wildlife in Africa and for the people who depend on it <p> <strong>The SRAS-CoV-2 pandemic has triggered a global crisis. Travel restrictions and lockdown measures have considerably reduced economic activity, with a range of adverse effects in various fields. Wildlife and biodiversity conservation is unfortunately not immune. In Africa, the pandemic is likely to have negative effects on protected areas and the communities living around them. This was the conclusion of a study co-published in </strong> <strong><strong><em>Nature Ecology and Evolution</em> </strong> on 29 July by CIRAD and several African and international organizations, which suggests ways of coping with the consequences.</strong> </p> Mon, 03 Aug 2020 15:11:53 +0200 Covid-19 and food security | Limiting the impact of the crisis on rice value chains in West Africa <p class="MsoNormal"> Rice plays a strategic role in food security in West Africa, but the region increasingly relies on imports, and local value chains face constraints in terms of technology, finance and coordination. In an article published in <em>Global Food Security</em> , scientists from CIRAD, AfricaRice, and the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) propose different policy options to reduce the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on rice value chains in West Africa. To increase the resilience of local value chains, policymakers need to focus on supporting millers, especially by facilitating their access to credit. </p> <p> </p> Wed, 29 Jul 2020 15:54:21 +0200 Artificial intelligence could predict plant behaviour in the face of climate change <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Herbarium digitization is paving the way for the use of artificial intelligence to characterize the development of hundreds of thousands of plant species identified throughout the world. Analysis of this data could help to create a model to anticipate climate change. A partnership involving CIRAD has just laid the foundations for this approach, which will require IT infrastructure and the development of genuinely interdisciplinary collaborations if it is to succeed.</strong> </p> Mon, 27 Jul 2020 15:10:11 +0200 International cooperation between France and South Africa: ARC, CIRAD and INRAE sign a tripartite agreement <p> On Friday 24 July 2020, Dr Shadrack Ralekeno Moephuli, CEO of the ARC (Agricultural Research Council), Michel Eddi, President Managing Director of CIRAD and Philippe Mauguin, Chair and CEO of INRAE signed a 5-year unprecedented tripartite agreement to strengthen and extend existing collaborations between the three organizations. The institutions confirmed their intentions of working together to tackle the challenges facing the southern Africa region and of contributing to the dialogue on global initiatives that is unfolding in the area. The agreement was initialled remotely by video conference, with Aurélien Lechevallier, Ambassador of France to South Africa, as a witness. </p> Mon, 27 Jul 2020 11:37:10 +0200 Revising Public Agricultural Support to Mitigate Climate Change <p class="MsoNormal"> The world must both feed a rising population and cut greenhouse gas emissions by two-thirds.The $600 billion per year governments already provide for agricultural support has a major role to play in helping farmers achieve these goals. In a new report for the World Bank, eight distinguished co-authors, including CIRAD's Patrice Dumas, make several recommendations for better use of this financial support to build sustainable farming systems. </p> Mon, 27 Jul 2020 09:52:43 +0200