CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB FLOTROP, a massive contribution to botanical data for tropical Africa <p> CIRAD recently shared historical botanical data for northern tropical Africa via a data paper published in <em>Nature Scientific Data.</em> <br /> This move clearly illustrates CIRAD's commitment to open science.<br />The data cover the period from 1920 to 2012, and are a unique, powerful tool for understanding the biodiversity crisis and the impacts of climate change on the flora of the Sahel. </p> Mon, 15 Jul 2019 11:38:12 +0200 Relaunching agricultural advisory services in sub-Saharan Africa <p> In sub-Saharan Africa, difficulties with agricultural advisory and extension services are hampering development operations. An expert report, involving CIRAD, lists and analyses the key ways of relaunching those services. The aim is to fuel policymaking in the countries of the region and inform international bodies. </p> Fri, 12 Jul 2019 11:12:14 +0200 Rapport d’activité – Faits marquants 2018 <p> Le rapport d’activité 2018 du Cirad est disponible en ligne. Conçu cette année sous un format revisité, il fait la part belle aux résultats scientifiques des chercheurs de l’établissement. Il reprend également l’essentiel de ses actions, menées avec les partenaires, ainsi qu’un dossier sur l’agroécologie qui a été le thème de l’ouvrage de synthèse scientifique que le Cirad a co-publié avec l’AFD. </p> Wed, 10 Jul 2019 16:05:58 +0200 How trees could save the climate <p> Around 0.9 billion hectares of land worldwide are suitable for reforestation, which could ultimately capture two thirds of human-made carbon emissions. A team of researchers from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH), FAO and CIRAD published today a study in Science that shows how much forest restoration would combat climate change. </p> Fri, 05 Jul 2019 17:40:32 +0200 Is group farming the way to sustainable production? <p> The global debate on food security and the sustainability of farming systems has focused overwhelmingly on small family farms versus large commercial farms. Little attention has been paid to group farming, an intermediate alternative model, despite the fact that pooling land, labour and capital could have economic, environmental and social advantages. This is particularly true for many countries in the global South, where most farms are micro-farms. As the UN launches the decade of family farming, new research has identified the conditions that favoured the development of a model of group farming that is the only one of its kind in the world: the <em>Groupement agricole d’exploitation en commun</em> or GAEC </p> Wed, 03 Jul 2019 15:11:34 +0200 Le bananier plantain | Enjeux socio-économiques et techniques <p> Les bananes à cuire et plantain constituent une ressource cruciale pour la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle en Afrique, en Amérique latine et en Asie. Clair et concis, cet ouvrage présente les connaissances et les innovations disponibles sur cette culture ainsi que les atouts et les contraintes de la filière. </p> Thu, 27 Jun 2019 13:49:55 +0200 Rubber, deforestation and smallholders: Hevea genomic selection to the rescue! <p> Global demand for natural rubber is constantly growing. Boosting smallholder incomes and avoiding extending rubber plantings at the expense of forests will mean intensifying latex production. Varietal improvement is one way of boosting yields. Researchers from CIRAD and their partners recently looked for the first time at a novel technique: genomic selection of <em>Hevea</em> . Their conclusive results were published on 27 June in<em> Industrial Crops and Products, </em> and are due to be put into practice in 2020, by the Institut français du caoutchouc*. </p> Thu, 27 Jun 2019 13:29:04 +0200 Pl@ntNet is launched in Central America <p> The Pl@ntNet plant recgonition app has been officially launched for Central America, in Costa Rica, by the country's Vice Minister of Science and Technology. Some 3800 Central American flora species can now be identified using the app. </p> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 15:36:01 +0200 Boosting the sterile insect technique increases its efficiency against mosquitoes <p> Boosting the sterile insect technique with low doses of biocides transported by sterilised males could improve control of mosquito-borne epidemics, as shown by researchers from CIRAD and INRA, in collaboration with the FAO-IAEA Insect Pest Control Section. Diseases such as dengue, Zika and chikungunya are concerned. The results of this study were published in <em>Communications Biology - Nature.</em> </p> Tue, 18 Jun 2019 17:29:17 +0200 Selective logging will not be enough to sustain timber production in Amazonia <p class="MsoNormal"> Amazonian forests are unlikely to provide enough timber to meet current demand over the long term, even with the use of improved logging practices. That is a key finding of a new study led by the Tropical managed Forests Observatory (TmFO), published today in <em>Environmental Research Letters</em> . </p> Thu, 13 Jun 2019 15:29:57 +0200 Faire science à part - Politiques d’inclusion sociale et agriculture familiale en Argentine <p> <strong>Un ouvrage sur les formes d’articulation entre science et politique. L'auteur fonde sa réflexion sur les recherches qu’il a menées en Argentine sur les politiques scientifiques en faveur de l'inclusion sociale des populations vulnérables et des agriculteurs familiaux en particulier.</strong> </p> Thu, 13 Jun 2019 10:22:58 +0200 The diversity of local dairy products threatened by imports in West Africa <p> <strong>The wide variety of West African dairy products is a cultural asset that is currently under threat. The reason: growing urbanisation, the lack of public support for local production chains and especially international competition from cheap milk powder imports. Recognition of this culinary heritage requires better characterisation of products, techniques and know-how. This dairy tradition could even help to bolster the market and provide a powerful tool for economic development in the region. These findings will be presented during the third edition of the international “Milk, driver of development” symposium, jointly organised by CIRAD, INRA and ISRA.</strong> </p> Wed, 12 Jun 2019 17:32:56 +0200 Animal diseases: CIRAD is supporting Zimbabwe <p> The CAZCOM project, coordinated by CIRAD, intends to boosts Zimbabwe's autonomy in terms of animal disease control. It comprises three types of support: technical and academic training, molecular biology capacity building, and the introduction of animal and zoonotic* disease surveillance systems. CAZCOM was officially launched on 5 June at the French Residence in Zimbabwe. Through 20 training courses and 640 hours of Masters teaching, the project is to provide training for six students, 50 technicians, engineers and researchers, and 30 other people in diagnostic techniques. </p> Fri, 07 Jun 2019 12:09:28 +0200 "Milk, driver of development": an international symposium to invent more sustainable, inclusive dairy supply chains <p> Almost 200 players from the dairy sector in 25 countries are expected for the third edition of the &quot;Milk, driver of development&quot; symposium on 12 and 13 June 2019 in Dakar (Senegal). The aim is to bring together those players and foster further the exchange of experience around diversity of dairy sector development models. The event is co-organized by ISRA (Senegal), and CIRAD and INRA (France), with support from the FAO and Agreenium, and intends to mobilize processing firms and the authorities in support of local milk production in West Africa. It will also highlight the role of women and the most modest farmers in developing dairy sectors. </p> Thu, 06 Jun 2019 11:52:34 +0200 A decade to boost the synergies between family farming and agro-ecology <p> Family farmers are central to transitions linked to food security, biodiversity and climate change. According to the FAO definition, family farming accounts for 90% of the world's farms, produces roughly two thirds of its food, and covers more than half its agricultural land. In recognition of this major role, and after the success of an international year in 2014, the United Nations are now dedicating an entire decade to family farms. CIRAD attended the official launch, at FAO HQ in Rome on 29 May. </p> Wed, 29 May 2019 09:27:01 +0200 Montpellier Declaration: “Make Our Planet Treed Again” <p> Over a thousand experts from a hundred countries meeting in Montpellier, France, for the 4th World Congress on Agroforestry called for a ‘transformative change’ to tackle the disastrous impacts on our planet of the global food system*. Agroforestry, they agreed, was crucial to that effort. The event was organized by CIRAD and INRA, in partnership with World Agroforestry (ICRAF), Agropolis International and Montpellier University of Excellence. </p> Fri, 24 May 2019 13:43:48 +0200 Diversity of Family Farming Around the World <p> The diversity of local and national family farming situations, studied with a single methodological frame gives sense to the family-based farming choice for the future. An original adaptation and a challenging test of the widely used sustainable rural livelihood framework. A wide participation of authors from academic and development bodies. </p> Fri, 24 May 2019 10:20:07 +0200 Perspective 51. Geospatial information for African agriculture: a key investment for agricultural policies <p> Geospatial information and its derived products, designed to contribute to public agricultural policy making, are not widely used in Africa. The infrastructure, training and skills are lacking, and research and development activities are dispersed and inadequate. More importantly, needs are not formalised and technological resources, driven by the industrialised countries, are ill-adapted to the characteristics of agricultural systems in Africa. Moreover, companies, institutions and projects require a stable environment to ensure operational services, relevant products and useful information. These co-constructed services emerge within long-term partnerships between researchers, consultancies and end users. Research thus offers new opportunities for using satellite imagery to document and explain agricultural transformation processes. Finally, lasting interdisciplinary skills networks are needed to facilitate methodological and thematic exchanges. </p> Thu, 23 May 2019 17:32:06 +0200 Agroforesterie et services écosystémiques en zone tropicale <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>A free e-book compilation of the available knowledge on the functioning and dynamics of agroforestry systems in tropical regions.</strong> </p> Tue, 21 May 2019 15:40:00 +0200 Artificial intelligence to model complex agroforestry systems <p> An innovative project has just been launched at CIRAD to model cocoa agroforestry systems using artificial intelligence. This ambitious programme, called Deep2DPE, will explore three research fronts: the mathematics of modelling, artificial intelligence (neural networks and machine learning) and agronomy to optimise agroforestry systems by modelling them. This third objective should, for example, enhance understanding of how competition for light between species affects cocoa production. </p> Mon, 20 May 2019 14:59:17 +0200