CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = https://www.cirad.fr - Langue = eng-GB https://www.cirad.fr/en/rss/cirad-actualites-news eng-GB We must act now if we are to feed the world in a sustainable way https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/we-must-act-now-if-we-are-to-feed-the-world-in-a-sustainable-way https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/we-must-act-now-if-we-are-to-feed-the-world-in-a-sustainable-way <p> In an opinion column in <em>Le Monde </em> dated 15 November<em>,</em> the Presidents of CIRAD and INRA called for a rethink of global land use to ensure healthy, diversified, quality food supplies for all. The call was prompted by the results of the &quot;Agrimonde-Terra&quot; foresight study, which concluded with the publication of a book, Land Use and Food Security in 2050: a Narrow Road, <a href="http://www.quae.com/fr/r5350-land-use-and-food-security-in-2050-a-narrow-road.html" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">available free on line</a> on the Editions Quae website. </p> Thu, 15 Nov 2018 13:26:45 +0100 Food | Innovative strategies are emerging within increasingly urbanized societies https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/sustainable-food-innovations-within-increasingly-urbanized-societies https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/sustainable-food-innovations-within-increasingly-urbanized-societies <p> In a world with increasing numbers of urbanized societies, consumers are increasingly concerned about food issues and keen to participate in producing the food they consume. Social and ecological questions have found their way into the debate, and a range of social innovations mean that citizens can now contribute to building sustainable food systems. </p> Wed, 14 Nov 2018 11:37:12 +0100 Crop pests are also managed on a landscape level https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/crop-pest-management-on-a-landscape-level https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/crop-pest-management-on-a-landscape-level <p> In a study of the incidence of an insect pest on a network of smallholder millet plots in Senegal, researchers from CIRAD and their partners revealed the natural regulation services rendered by biodiversity. They consider that those services are governed by ecological processes whose spatial organization extends well beyond that of the cultivated plot. Agro-ecological pest management thus requires a collective, territory-based approach, built on bridges between agronomy, ecology and the social sciences. The results of their work, published in the journals <em>Biological Control</em> and <em>Crop Protection,</em> show that agriculture can help preserve biodiversity, which in return delivers services such as crop pest regulation. </p> Mon, 12 Nov 2018 14:02:40 +0100 "4 per 1000" Initiative: the scientific community launches the Sète Call https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/4-per-1000-initiative-the-scientific-community-launches-the-sete-call https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/4-per-1000-initiative-the-scientific-community-launches-the-sete-call <p> Researchers working on the &quot;4 per 1000&quot; initiative, meeting in Sète on 7 and 8 November 2018 for a workshop, launched a call for an &quot;ambitious scientific programme&quot; to implement the research component of the initiativ<em>e</em> focusing on soils and their role in food security and climate. </p> Fri, 09 Nov 2018 12:36:29 +0100 TerriStories: a board game based on research https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/terristories-game-based-on-research https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/terristories-game-based-on-research <p> TerriStories is now a board game, but it is more than that: it is a participatory research tool developed by Patrick D’Aquino, a geographer with CIRAD. For some twenty years now, it has been used successfully in Africa and Asia to support collective territorial management. The board game version for the general public was launched recently by the responsible firm Bioviva. </p> Wed, 31 Oct 2018 18:07:03 +0100 The Indians of the Ecuadorian Amazon were already using cocoa 5300 years ago https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/the-indians-of-the-ecuadorian-amazon-were-already-using-cocoa-5300-years-ago https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/the-indians-of-the-ecuadorian-amazon-were-already-using-cocoa-5300-years-ago <p> An international team* associating archaeologists, anthropologists, biochemists and geneticists recently found for the first time archaeological traces of cocoa use in South America in pre-Columbian times. This result is published in the journal <em>Nature Ecology and Evolution.</em> </p> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 17:13:29 +0100 Can organic production be the driving force for development in Africa? https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/organic-production-a-driving-force-for-development-in-africa https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/organic-production-a-driving-force-for-development-in-africa <p> In Africa, organic farming is growing at a modest rate. At CIRAD, scientists are studying the technological and institutional conditions required to ensure that organic farming can meet the challenges of food security and population growth on the continent. The findings will be presented at the 4th African congress on organic agriculture organised in Senegal from the 5th to the 8th November. </p> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 11:33:22 +0100 Symposium of the Réseau francophone sur les maladies tropicales négligées: advocating for an integrated diagnostic approach https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/neglected-tropical-diseases-advocating-for-an-integrated-diagnostic-approach https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/neglected-tropical-diseases-advocating-for-an-integrated-diagnostic-approach <p> On 22 and 23 October 2018, the <em>Réseau francophone sur les maladies tropicales négligées</em> (RFMTN) held a symposium in Montpellier, on the topic of &quot;Understanding and overcoming the obstacles to eradication&quot;. The symposium was organized by Aviesan, the IRD, CIRAD, INSERM, Montpellier University of Excellence (MUSE) and the Fondation Mérieux, and served to define an integrated, specific vision of neglected tropical disease (NTD) diagnosis, with a view to their eradication. </p> Fri, 26 Oct 2018 13:12:56 +0200 Annual report | 2017 Highlights https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/annual-report-2017-highlights https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/annual-report-2017-highlights <p> The latest CIRAD activities report is just out. It looks back at the highlights for the organization in 2017: the key elements of life at CIRAD and its activities in partnership. This year's edition focuses on the topic of &quot;Living territories&quot;. <br /> At a time when increasing global change, particularly urbanization, is posing numerous questions, there is renewed interest in rural territories. CIRAD is looking into the capacity of those territories to contribute, both locally and globally, to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. It chose living territories as its annual topic for 2017.<br />The report also contains indicators, information on how CIRAD is organized, and maps and addresses for CIRAD worldwide. </p> Wed, 24 Oct 2018 15:46:56 +0200 Organic agriculture in Africa: a source of innovation for agricultural development https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/perspective-48-organic-agriculture-in-africa https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/perspective-48-organic-agriculture-in-africa <p> While organic agriculture is somewhat controversial in industrialized countries, it could prove particularly well suited to agricultural production in Africa. Its products are increasingly available on both local and export markets, but organic agriculture is largely overlooked in official statistics for African countries. However, some scientific studies and the initiatives undertaken by many local actors confirm the importance of organic agriculture in this continent, including from a food security point of view. </p> Fri, 19 Oct 2018 14:22:16 +0200 Land Use and Food Security in 2050: a Narrow Road https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/land-use-and-food-security-in-2050-a-narrow-road https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/land-use-and-food-security-in-2050-a-narrow-road <p> How can we best use land to ensure food and nutritional security for all? It will ba a hard, long and narrow road, and above all, it means a change in direction. This is demonstrated in a book on the Agrimonde-Terra foresight study, Land Use and Food Security in 2050: a Narrow Road. The book gives details of the four-year study by CIRAD and INRA, backed by a number of experts from all over the world. </p> Mon, 15 Oct 2018 10:21:37 +0200 Food innovation | A showroom for agrifood firms at CIRAD Montpellier https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/a-showroom-for-agrifood-firms-at-cirad-montpellier https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/a-showroom-for-agrifood-firms-at-cirad-montpellier <p> The CIRAD agrifood technology platform in Montpellier is being officially opened on Monday 8 October, in the form of a showroom. Around a hundred participants, including representatives of Montpellier City Council, Occitanie Regional Council, the State, Montpellier University of Excellence (MUSE), and some forty firms, are expected. The aim of the showroom is to promote what the platform has to offer, with a view to fostering research collaboration with firms in the Occitanie region and joint projects with developing countries. </p> Thu, 04 Oct 2018 14:40:32 +0200 Fête de la science 2018 à Montpellier | Insectes et biodiversité font le buzz https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/fete-de-la-science-2018-a-montpellier https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/fete-de-la-science-2018-a-montpellier <p> Indispensables à la vie, éléments fondamentaux de la chaîne alimentaire, les insectes sont l’un des garants de la biodiversité. Pourtant, ces animaux beaux et effrayants, rusés et fragiles sont aujourd’hui menacés par l'emploi des pesticides et la destruction de leurs habitats. Depuis trente ans, les populations d'insectes ont chuté de 80%. Cette année, à l’occasion de la Fête de la Science à Montpellier, du 6 au 14 octobre, le Cirad convie petits et grands à découvrir la beauté et l’utilité de ce peuple microscopique. </p> Wed, 26 Sep 2018 13:18:25 +0200 Sahel Alliance: CIRAD and African agricultural research institutions are stepping up their development efforts https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/sahel-alliance-agricultural-research-is-stepping-up-its-development-efforts https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/sahel-alliance-agricultural-research-is-stepping-up-its-development-efforts <p> CIRAD and the national agricultural research institutions of the Sahel countries signed the Ouagadougou Declaration* on 21 September 2018. The declaration cements their shared intention to contribute actively to achieving the objectives of the Sahel Alliance. Building on the progress made through research in partnership, the challenge is both to step up efforts in terms of innovation by listening to each and every stakeholder, and to scale up operations in terms of impact on beneficiaries. </p> Thu, 20 Sep 2018 15:07:05 +0200 The many challenges involved in restoring forest landscapes in Africa https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/afr100-the-many-challenges-involved-in-restoring-forest-landscapes-in-africa https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/afr100-the-many-challenges-involved-in-restoring-forest-landscapes-in-africa <p> The African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative, AFR100, was launched three years ago. A meeting of the initiative's technical partners, which include CIRAD, was held in late August in Kenya. Plinio Sist, an ecologists who heads CIRAD's Forests and Societies Research Unit, was there. As far as he is concerned, AFR100's biggest achievement has been convincing 26 countries to commit to concrete, precisely calculated objectives. The main issue now is fulfilling those commitments, which concern environmental, food and security issues. This is a colossal challenge that will require some 1.3 billion euros of investment. </p> Wed, 19 Sep 2018 15:56:18 +0200 Climate-smart agriculture, agroecology and soil carbon: towards winning combinations https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/climate-smart-agriculture-agroecology-and-soil-carbon https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/climate-smart-agriculture-agroecology-and-soil-carbon <p> Climate changement raises new issues for agriculture, which has to adapt to and attempt to mitigate it, while suffering the consequences of it. Three hotly debated approaches centre on the relations between agriculture and climate: climte-smart agriculture, agro-ecology, and the 4P1000 initiative on soil carbon. Beyond the conceptual differences, the authors of this new issue of <em>Perspective </em> highlight the synergies between these three appproaches for feeding the planet more efficiently. </p> Tue, 18 Sep 2018 10:49:55 +0200 Eucalyptus 2018: plantation managers and researchers are working to deal with climate change https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/eucalyptus-2018-plantation-managers-and-researchers-dealing-with-climate-change https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/eucalyptus-2018-plantation-managers-and-researchers-dealing-with-climate-change <p> Commercial eucalyptus plantations cover some 20 million hectares in a hundred or so countries, and primarily serve to produce paper, while smallholder plantings produce firewood*. However, they are now suffering the effects of climate change. Some 225 scientists and managers from around thirty countries are meeting in Montpellier from 17 to 21 September to discuss ways of adapting plantations. </p> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 01:42:23 +0200 Forest carbon stocks have been overestimated for 50 years https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/forest-carbon-stocks-overestimated https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/forest-carbon-stocks-overestimated <p class="MsoNormal"> A formula used to calculate basic wood density has recently been corrected. Basic density is widely used to compute carbon storage by trees. Researchers estimate that the error in the initial formula resulted in an overestimation of forest carbon stocks, to the tune of almost 5%. These results were published in the scientific journal <em>American Journal of Botany</em> on 16 October. </p> Wed, 12 Sep 2018 16:05:37 +0200 François Roger: "If African swine fever were to become established, the Chinese pig population would be an unprecedented reservoir!" https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/questions-a/african-swine-fever-epidemic-china https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/questions-a/african-swine-fever-epidemic-china <p> African swine fever (ASF) has been seen in Chinese pigs since early August. The epidemic reeks of economic catastrophe, given that the country accounts for more than half the world's pigs and ASF is one of the most contagious animal diseases, albeit, of course, harmless to humans. Experts are afraid that the disease might become established in China and spread to neighbouring countries. A dramatic scenario for the entire supply chain in Asia. An update with François Roger, an epidemiologist with CIRAD. </p> Wed, 12 Sep 2018 11:54:40 +0200 A Montpellier, les habitants participent à une recherche sur les habitudes alimentaires https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/montpellier-recherche-participative-sur-les-habitudes-alimentaires https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/montpellier-recherche-participative-sur-les-habitudes-alimentaires <p> Des chercheurs du Cirad, de l’Inra et de Montpellier SupAgro ont lancé une enquête citoyenne sur les pratiques de courses alimentaires auprès des habitants de la métropole de Montpellier. Vous habitez dans la région ? Faites partie de l’aventure !<br />Cette étude est une première en France. Le Cirad participe également au Ghana à une enquête similaire. Ces recherches doivent mettre en évidence le rôle du paysage alimentaire – les moyens disponibles pour s’approvisionner – dans l’alimentation. </p> Thu, 06 Sep 2018 16:24:11 +0200