CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = https://www.cirad.fr - Langue = eng-GB https://www.cirad.fr/en/rss/cirad-actualites-news eng-GB Jacques Tassin : « Notre mode de vie est la cause première de l'érosion de la biodiversité » https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/questions-a/jacques-tassin-notre-mode-de-vie-cause-de-l-erosion-de-la-biodiversite https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/questions-a/jacques-tassin-notre-mode-de-vie-cause-de-l-erosion-de-la-biodiversite <p> A l'occasion de la journée mondiale de la biodiversité, Jacques Tassin revient sur le rapport de l'IPBES de mars dernier alertant sur le recul de la biodiversité mondiale. Ecologue au Cirad, il était impliqué parmi 550 experts. Il s'est intéressé à l'état de la biodiversité du continent africain. </p> Tue, 22 May 2018 19:06:01 +0200 Florilège vous ouvre les portes de l’agro-biodiversité en France https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/florilege-agro-biodiversite-francaise https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/florilege-agro-biodiversite-francaise <p> L’information sur les principales ressources génétiques agricoles conservées en France est désormais accessible en ligne sur Florilège. Lancé à l’occasion de la journée mondiale de la biodiversité, ce portail web décrit 37 collections* de plantes cultivées, gérées par l’Inra, le Cirad et l’IRD, au sein de leurs centres de ressources biologiques (CRB). </p> Tue, 22 May 2018 10:32:42 +0200 #EDD18 – Empowering women and fighting hidden hunger https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/empowering-women-and-fighting-hidden-hunger https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/empowering-women-and-fighting-hidden-hunger <p> </p> <a name="eztoc151645_0_1" id="eztoc151645_0_1"></a><h3>Making women more independent is a major possible lever for food and nutritional security in sub-Saharan Africa. In some African regions, despite surplus cereal production, women’s lack of financial independence leads to chronic malnutrition in children. This will be illustrated in a session entitled “Hidden hunger: Produce more or empower more?” organized by CIRAD at the 2018 edition of European Development Days in Brussels. This year’s event, to be held on 5 and 6 June, is devoted to the role of women in development.</h3> <p> </p> Thu, 17 May 2018 11:35:06 +0200 Madagascar : la déforestation menace une biodiversité unique https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/deforestation-a-madagascar https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/deforestation-a-madagascar <p class="MsoNormal"> 44 % des forêts naturelles ont disparu ces 60 dernières années à Madagascar. Et depuis 2005, le rythme de la déforestation s’accélère. Ces résultats sont le fruit d’une nouvelle étude publiée dans Biological Conservation. Avec près de 90 % d’espèces endémiques, c’est une biodiversité unique qui est mise en péril. D’autant plus que les forêts restantes sont gravement fragmentées. Les auteurs tirent la sonnette d’alarme ! </p> Thu, 17 May 2018 11:16:29 +0200 Global surveillance of human and animal health: three events to prevent health risks https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/global-surveillance-of-human-and-animal-health https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/global-surveillance-of-human-and-animal-health <p> CIRAD, ENVT, INRA, ANSES and IRD are organising three events from 14 to 18 May at Montpellier SupAgro on the socio-economics of animal health, and health surveillance. Objectives: to strengthen cross-sectorial collaboration and North-South partnerships in order to optimise global surveillance of human and animal health and ensure that health policy decisions take greater account of social and economic factors. </p> Mon, 07 May 2018 16:19:16 +0200 Rice and its unsuspected genetic diversity https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/rice-genetic-diversity https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/rice-genetic-diversity <p> The genetic diversity of 3010 rice varieties has been analysed. This work, published on 25 April in <em>Nature,</em> was conducted by an international consortium including CIRAD. The study revealed very substantial genetic diversity, notably linked to the geographical origin of the different varieties and correlated to the adaptation capacities of the crop. This is a godsend in these times of global change, when adaptation is a major issue. These results represent the largest set of documented genomic variations for a cultivated species. They are available on open access, making them a valuable tool for breeders all over the world. </p> Fri, 04 May 2018 12:46:49 +0200 Vectopole Sud, a Montpellier network innovating to control vector insects and crop pests https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/vectopole-sud-a-montpellier-network-innovating-to-control-vector-insects-and-crop-pests https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/vectopole-sud-a-montpellier-network-innovating-to-control-vector-insects-and-crop-pests <p> Vectopole Sud was officially launched on 3 May 2018 at Agropolis International. This Montpellier network, which specialises in insects of medical, veterinary and agricultural interest, is the only one of its kind in Europe. It brings together five partners from research and higher education: CIRAD, CNRS, INRA, IRD and Montpellier University, and EID Méditerranée, France’s main public mosquito control agency. Their goal: to pool infrastructure and expertise in order to innovate to control crop pests and arthropods, which transmit pathogens that cause infectious human or animal diseases. </p> Thu, 03 May 2018 11:27:17 +0200 Pl@ntNet opens up to tropical Africa https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/pl-ntnet-tropical-africa https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/pl-ntnet-tropical-africa <p> 1300 African flora species can now be identified using the Pl@ntNet app, which is continuing to be enriched by its six million amateur botanist users worldwide. </p> Wed, 25 Apr 2018 14:23:53 +0200 ICOPE 2018: science-based solutions for sustainable palm oil production https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/icope-2018 https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/icope-2018 <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>For the sixth time since 2007, CIRAD is working with the Indonesian Sinar Mas Group and WWF Indonesia to organise the ICOPE Conference on Oil Palm and Environment. This year, the theme is “Solutions for Local Production and Global Change”. The conference will be held from 25 to 27 April 2018 in Bali, Indonesia.</strong> </p> Thu, 19 Apr 2018 10:42:41 +0200 Une charte de déontologie explicite l’engagement éthique du Cirad https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/institutionnel/charte-de-deontologie-cirad https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/institutionnel/charte-de-deontologie-cirad <p> L’éthique constitue un repère fort au sein du Cirad. Après avoir signé en 2015 la charte nationale de la déontologie des métiers de la recherche, le Cirad déploie désormais une charte qui lui est spécifique. Cette charte propose notamment une déclinaison particulière adaptée au partenariat en recherche pour le développement ainsi qu’à ses collaborations avec le secteur privé. </p> Fri, 13 Apr 2018 18:09:35 +0200 Regard éthique sur les nouvelles techniques d’amélioration des plantes https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/regard-ethique-nouvelles-techniques-d-amelioration-vegetale https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/regard-ethique-nouvelles-techniques-d-amelioration-vegetale <p> A l’heure du grand chantier de révision de la loi sur la bioéthique, lancé par le gouvernement français ce printemps, le Cirad, l’Inra et l’Ifremer ont demandé à leur comité consultatif commun d’éthique de se pencher sur les nouvelles techniques de modification du génome. Le comité vient de rendre son avis concernant les nouvelles biotechnologies appliquées à l’amélioration des plantes. Un second avis est attendu ultérieurement sur les biotechnologies animales. </p> Fri, 13 Apr 2018 18:07:58 +0200 Dimensions éthiques des grands accords internationaux Objectifs du développement durable et Climat https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/ethiques-accords-internationaux-odd-et-climat https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/ethiques-accords-internationaux-odd-et-climat <p> Le comité d’éthique Inra-Cirad-Ifremer a rendu son 10e avis sur la dimension éthique des grands accords internationaux signés en 2015 : les objectifs de développement durable et l’accord de Paris sur le climat. Cet avis fait suite à une saisine du comité par les directions des trois organismes de recherche. </p> Fri, 13 Apr 2018 17:47:08 +0200 Sara Mercandalli: "Migration plays a key role in territorial reconfiguration in Africa" https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/questions-a/sara-mercandalli-rural-migration-africa https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/questions-a/sara-mercandalli-rural-migration-africa <p> While attention is focused on the refugee question, it is important to remember that African migration primarily concerns the continent itself, and that migration can have a positive impact when it is chosen rather than forced. Population movements have a key role to play in the structural transformation of economies combined with high vulnerability to climate change, Africa can and must take advantage of migratory movements. An atlas coordinated by CIRAD and co-published with the FAO gives an overview of migratory dynamics and factors in sub-Saharan Africa. It puts paid to popular misconceptions from a European perspective and fuels the political debate between local players, governments and the international community. Interview with Sara Mercandalli, coordinator of the atlas and development economist at CIRAD. </p> Thu, 12 Apr 2018 13:06:52 +0200 Afrique subsaharienne : les migrations rurales, moteurs du développement ? https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/atlas-migrations-rurales-afrique-subsaharienne https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/atlas-migrations-rurales-afrique-subsaharienne <p> Contrairement aux idées reçues, 70 % de l’ensemble des migrations qui ont lieu en Afrique subsaharienne y restent localisées. Face au changement climatique et à l’explosion démographique, auxquels le continent africain doit faire face, quels rôles jouent et vont jouer les migrations rurales dans une région où les ruraux représentent toujours la majorité de la population ? Quels en sont les moteurs ? C’est à ces questions que l’atlas sur les migrations rurales en Afrique subsaharienne, publié le 12 avril en version française, s’attache à répondre. </p> Thu, 12 Apr 2018 12:39:30 +0200 Why have payments for environmental services proved less effective than expected? https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/payments-for-environmental-services-have-proved-less-effective-than-expected https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/payments-for-environmental-services-have-proved-less-effective-than-expected <p> Payments for environmental services have proved difficult to put into practice. To understand the reasons for this relative lack of efficacy, 70 programmes worldwide were subjected to detailed analysis. A significant disparity was observed between theory and practice in terms of these incentive instruments. This work, published in <em>Nature Sustainability</em> in March, benefited from both CIRAD's analysis expertise and data obtained from projects coordinated by the organization. </p> Tue, 10 Apr 2018 12:27:34 +0200 A participatory guarantee system for certifying agro-ecological farms in Morocco https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/participatory-agro-ecology-guarantee-system https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/participatory-agro-ecology-guarantee-system <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Participatory certification of the products of agro-ecology, which is less costly than the organic farming label, is about to be launched in Morocco. This guarantee system was developed by CIRAD and the <em>Réseau des initiatives agro-écologiques au Maroc</em> based on participatory methods involving the stakeholders concerned: producers, consumers and distributors. This robust instrument serves to promote the products of agro-ecology and is also supported by the FAO.</strong> </p> Wed, 04 Apr 2018 10:01:35 +0200 Cocoa: in response to climate change, agro-ecology is coming to the rescue https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/cocoa-agro-ecology-is-coming-to-the-rescue https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/cocoa-agro-ecology-is-coming-to-the-rescue <p> While agriculture needs new varieties if it is to cope with climate change, they will not be enough. They must be part of an overall agro-ecological approach. This will allow agriculture, notably in the tropics, to continuer to produce our staple foods and some of our favourites, such as chocolate. Cocoa can now be grown in agroforestry systems in areas that initially seemed to be unsuitable. </p> Fri, 30 Mar 2018 18:01:53 +0200 CIRAD is at the FAO Symposium on Agro-ecology https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/fao-international-symposium-on-agro-ecology https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/fao-international-symposium-on-agro-ecology <p> CIRAD is in Rome from 3 to 5 April for the 2nd FAO International Symposium on Agro-ecology to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It will be reporting on the global South aspect, the issues surrounding management of knowledge on agro-ecological practices, and support for the transition, notably through training. </p> Fri, 30 Mar 2018 15:44:09 +0200 Irrigation | Involving informal agricultural supply chain stakeholders in groundwater management https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/irrigation-agricultural-supply-chains-and-groundwater-management https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/irrigation-agricultural-supply-chains-and-groundwater-management <p> A study analysed the role played by informal stakeholders in agricultural supply chains irrigated using groundwater in North Africa. The results, published in <em>Hydrogeology Journal</em> , show that such players are often the catalysts of the expansion of this type of irrigated agriculture. It is therefore particularly appropriate to involve them in sustainable aquifer management. On World Water Day, it is important to remember that groundwater is a major factor in managing water resources worldwide. </p> Wed, 21 Mar 2018 16:02:01 +0100 Animals, Health, Territories, Risks and Ecosystems: a new website https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/animals-health-territories-risks-and-ecosystems-a-new-website https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/animals-health-territories-risks-and-ecosystems-a-new-website <p> ASTRE, the new joint research unit working to foster an integrated animal health approach, now has its own website, <a href="https://umr-astre.cirad.fr/" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">umr-astre.cirad.fr</a>, with news on the unit and its activities. </p> Thu, 15 Mar 2018 16:49:42 +0100