CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Mobile, instant diagnosis of viruses <p> In a first for plant virology, a team from CIRAD recently used nanopore technology to sequence the entire genomes of two yam RNA viruses. This as yet little-used but promising molecular biology technique paves the way for new tools for field diagnosis of plant, animal and human diseases. A godsend for developing countries… </p> Wed, 09 Jan 2019 15:08:53 +0100 The circular economy: turning organic waste into fertilizer <p> Réunion Island imports hundreds of thousands of tonnes of agricultural inputs a year. At the other end of the chain, little use is made of the organic waste generated by farming and agrifood activities. The GABiR project, led by CIRAD, was launched in 2017 in the aim of closing the loop. As the project reaches the halfway stage, we look at its achievements in the light of the challenges faced: climate change, erosion of resources and soil pollution. </p> Tue, 08 Jan 2019 17:54:19 +0100 La transition agro-écologique des agricultures du Sud <p> Food security, jobs, ecological transition in terms of production and consumption methods, etc, etc... agro-ecology is one way of addressing the expected challenges for humanity, and particularly farming systems in the global South. What will govern the success of the agro-ecological transition? Based on ten years' experience in the field, 130 scientists from CIRAD, the AFD and partners share their thoughts in a book. </p> Mon, 07 Jan 2019 14:17:48 +0100 In the tropics, biological control can limit deforestation and biodiversity loss <p> Effective on-farm biological control can slow the pace of deforestation and avert biodiversity loss. This is what an international team involving entomologists, conservation biologists, agro-ecologists and geographers* has just revealed. The results of this study have been published in<em> Communications Biology – Nature.</em> </p> Mon, 07 Jan 2019 11:44:26 +0100 CIRAD wishes you a Happy New Year! <p> Working together for tomorrow's agriculture! </p> Wed, 02 Jan 2019 10:23:49 +0100 Open Source for Seeds and Genetic Sequence Data: Practical experience and future strategies <p> What if the concept of open source was applied to seeds and genetic sequences as a new avenue for innovation? This new issue of <em>Perspective</em> presents the open source seed principles based on practical experience from three open source cases in the United States, Germany and East Africa. It discusses practical challenges in expanding open source to other types of subject matter and settings. </p> Wed, 19 Dec 2018 10:11:48 +0100 How CIRAD has committed to an impact culture <p> For the last eight years, CIRAD has invested heavily in integrating the concept of impact into the planning and implementation of its research activities. Two recent publications look at this process and the lessons drawn by the institute from its major project ImpresS (“Impact of Research in the South”). Interview with Etienne Hainzelin, Adviser to CIRAD’s President Managing Director, who launched the project in 2010, Genowefa Blundo Canto and Aurelle de Romémont, who are now responsible for its integration among research teams. </p> Mon, 17 Dec 2018 16:47:02 +0100 Forest landscape restoration: ForLand is supporting decisions in Amazonia <p> The ForLand-Restoration project is developing a forest landscape restoration decision support platform. The tool will offer the stakeholders in a given territory a range of future restoration scenarios. Over a period of almost two years, the platform will be developed and tested at pilot sites in Brazil and Scotland, working closely with players on the ground. ForLand-Restoration is the fruit of collaboration between ONF International, CIRAD and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich*, with financial support from EIT Climate-KIC. Local partners are in charge of project implementation: the University of Para and EMBRAPA for Paragominas and the University of Edinburgh and the UK Forest Commission for Scotland. </p> Thu, 13 Dec 2018 17:38:11 +0100 Boosting land use efficiency to mitigate climate change <p> Governments and scientists have hitherto underestimated the importance of land use for mitigating climate change, according to an article out today in the journal <em>Nature</em> . The authors suggest a new method for assessing the capacity of land (soil and vegetation) to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, depending on how it is used (forest, pasture, crops, livestock production, etc). The method also measures the indirect impacts os land use changes. It is dubbed the &quot;carbon benefits index&quot;, and can be applied on a territory as well as a plot scale*. </p> Wed, 12 Dec 2018 19:08:10 +0100 IPCC to take greater account of carbon storage by agroforestry systems <p> Agroforestry systems are known to store more carbon than agricultural plots cultivated in a conventional way. However, to date, agroforestry has not been taken into account effectively in the carbon accounting system established by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Researchers from CIRAD and the FAO recently conducted a literature review that enabled them to establish coefficients for carbon storage in the soil and aboveground and belowground biomass of different agroforestry systems. The new data will be taken into account in the improved 2006 IPCC National GHG Inventory Guidelines. This work is published in the journal <em>Environmental Research Letters.</em> </p> Mon, 10 Dec 2018 16:48:54 +0100 Senegal: the elimination of the tsetse fly will boost the livestock sector <p> Tsetse flies have been eliminated in an entire region of Senegal. These insects carry diseases that affect humans, but also cattle, to the extent that they are the main obstacle to the development of livestock production in sub-Saharan Africa. Their elimination, in a defined area of the Niayes region, was made possible after several stages through the release of sterile males. This victory was officially announced by Senegal's President at a ceremony on 8 December. It is the fruit of longstanding collaboration between CIRAD, the Institut sénégalais de recherches agricoles (ISRA), Senegalese veterinary services, the Ministry of Agriculture and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). </p> Fri, 07 Dec 2018 10:49:52 +0100 Transforming our food system to ensure a sustainable future <p> By 2050, the world will have almost 10 billion people. It will be impossible to feed everyone without exacerbating poverty, accelarting deforestation and increasing GHG emissions unless we start making substantial changes to our food system now. This issue is covered in a new report, <em>Creating a Sustainable Food Future</em> , published on 5 December in the World Resources Report series. The report was produced by WRI, in partnership with the World Bank, UN Environment, UN Development Programme, CIRAD and INRA. </p> Tue, 04 Dec 2018 16:58:43 +0100 Vincent Blanfort: "At last! Agriculture has a place in climate talks at COP24" <p> COP24, taking place in Katowice, Poland, marks a first in terms of taking account of agricultural and food issues in climate talks. This step forward is the result of the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture, a decision reached in Bonn at the previous UN climate summit. At a time when our development choices have never been so crucial for tackling the climate challenge, it paves the way for initiatives to make farmers more resilient while mitigating the effects of global warming. We take stock of CIRAD's contributions to the Koronivia process with Vincent Blanfort, Climate Change Officer at CIRAD, present in Katowice. </p> Mon, 03 Dec 2018 09:44:05 +0100 Agro-ecology: a way for farming systems in the global South to adapt to climate change <p> A book on the agro-ecological transition within farming systems in the global South, written by some 130 scientists from CIRAD, the AFD and their partners, is due out on 3 January, published by Editions Quae. The book's conclusions, which were recently presented exclusively to the press, are unequivocal: farming systems in the global South absolutely must adapt to climate, population, social and environmental change, and agro-ecology would ba a part of the solution, for all types of agriculture. </p> Fri, 30 Nov 2018 15:41:12 +0100 Inactivating genes can boost crop genetic diversity <p> Researchers from CIRAD and INRA recently showed that inactivating a gene, RECQ4, leads to a three-fold increase in recombination in crops such as rice, pea and tomato. The gene inhibits the exchange of genetic material via recombination (crossover) during the sexual reproduction process in crops. This discovery, published in the journal <em>Nature Plants</em> on 26 November 2018, could speed up plant breeding and development of varieties better suited to specific environmental conditions (disease resistance, adaptation to climate change). </p> Wed, 28 Nov 2018 17:33:36 +0100 We must act now if we are to feed the world sustainably <p> In an opinion column in <em>Le Monde </em> dated 15 November<em>,</em> the Presidents of CIRAD and INRA called for a rethink of global land use to ensure healthy, diversified, quality food supplies for all. The call was prompted by the results of the &quot;Agrimonde-Terra&quot; foresight study, which concluded with the publication of a book, Land Use and Food Security in 2050: a Narrow Road, <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">available free on line</a> on the Editions Quae website. </p> Thu, 15 Nov 2018 13:26:45 +0100 Food | Innovative strategies are emerging within increasingly urbanized societies <p> In a world with increasing numbers of urbanized societies, consumers are increasingly concerned about food issues and keen to participate in producing the food they consume. Social and ecological questions have found their way into the debate, and a range of social innovations mean that citizens can now contribute to building sustainable food systems. </p> Wed, 14 Nov 2018 11:37:12 +0100 Crop pests are also managed on a landscape level <p> In a study of the incidence of an insect pest on a network of smallholder millet plots in Senegal, researchers from CIRAD and their partners revealed the natural regulation services rendered by biodiversity. They consider that those services are governed by ecological processes whose spatial organization extends well beyond that of the cultivated plot. Agro-ecological pest management thus requires a collective, territory-based approach, built on bridges between agronomy, ecology and the social sciences. The results of their work, published in the journals <em>Biological Control</em> and <em>Crop Protection,</em> show that agriculture can help preserve biodiversity, which in return delivers services such as crop pest regulation. </p> Mon, 12 Nov 2018 14:02:40 +0100 "4 per 1000" Initiative: the scientific community launches the Sète Call <p> Researchers working on the &quot;4 per 1000&quot; initiative, meeting in Sète on 7 and 8 November 2018 for a workshop, launched a call for an &quot;ambitious scientific programme&quot; to implement the research component of the initiativ<em>e</em> focusing on soils and their role in food security and climate. </p> Fri, 09 Nov 2018 12:36:29 +0100 TerriStories: a board game based on research <p> TerriStories is now a board game, but it is more than that: it is a participatory research tool developed by Patrick D’Aquino, a geographer with CIRAD. For some twenty years now, it has been used successfully in Africa and Asia to support collective territorial management. The board game version for the general public was launched recently by the responsible firm Bioviva. </p> Wed, 31 Oct 2018 18:07:03 +0100