CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = https://www.cirad.fr - Langue = eng-GB https://www.cirad.fr/en/rss/cirad-actualites-news eng-GB Alliance Sahel : le Cirad et les institutions de recherche agronomiques africaines s’accordent pour intensifier leurs efforts pour le développement https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/alliance-sahel-la-recherche-agricole-intensifie-ses-efforts-au-service-du-developpement https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/alliance-sahel-la-recherche-agricole-intensifie-ses-efforts-au-service-du-developpement <p> Les institutions nationales de recherche agronomique des pays sahéliens, ainsi que le CORAF, le CILSS et le Cirad ont signé le 21 septembre 2018 la Déclaration de Ouagadougou*. Par cette déclaration, elles affichent leur ambition commune de contribuer activement aux objectifs de l’Alliance Sahel. Fondé sur les nombreux acquis de la recherche en partenariat, le défi est à la fois d’intensifier les efforts en termes d’innovation en intégrant les voix de toutes les parties prenantes mais aussi de changer d’échelle en termes d’impact pour les populations bénéficiaires. </p> Thu, 20 Sep 2018 15:07:05 +0200 Les nombreux défis de la restauration des paysages forestiers africains https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/afr100-les-nombreux-defis-de-la-restauration-des-paysages-forestiers-africains https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/afr100-les-nombreux-defis-de-la-restauration-des-paysages-forestiers-africains <p> L’Initiative pour la restauration des paysages forestiers africains, AFR100, a démarré il y a trois ans. Une réunion des partenaires techniques de l’initiative, dont fait partie le Cirad, s’est tenue fin août 2018 au Kenya. Plinio Sist, écologue et directeur de l’unité Forêts et sociétés au Cirad, était présent. Pour lui, la grande victoire de l’AFR 100 est d’avoir réussi à convaincre 26 pays à s’engager au travers d’objectifs chiffrés concrets. Le principal enjeu est aujourd’hui de mettre en œuvre ces engagements aux défis tant environnementaux, alimentaires que sécuritaires. Un enjeu colossal nécessitant des investissements estimés à environ 1,3 milliard d’euros. </p> Wed, 19 Sep 2018 15:56:18 +0200 Eucalyptus 2018: plantation managers and researchers are working to deal with climate change https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/eucalyptus-2018-plantation-managers-and-researchers-dealing-with-climate-change https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/eucalyptus-2018-plantation-managers-and-researchers-dealing-with-climate-change <p> Commercial eucalyptus plantations cover some 20 million hectares in a hundred or so countries, and primarily serve to produce paper, while smallholder plantings produce firewood*. However, they are now suffering the effects of climate change. Some 225 scientists and managers from around thirty countries are meeting in Montpellier from 17 to 21 September to discuss ways of adapting plantations. </p> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 01:42:23 +0200 François Roger: "If African swine fever were to become established, the Chinese pig population would be an unprecedented reservoir!" https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/questions-a/african-swine-fever-epidemic-china https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/questions-a/african-swine-fever-epidemic-china <p> African swine fever (ASF) has been seen in Chinese pigs since early August. The epidemic reeks of economic catastrophe, given that the country accounts for more than half the world's pigs and ASF is one of the most contagious animal diseases, albeit, of course, harmless to humans. Experts are afraid that the disease might become established in China and spread to neighbouring countries. A dramatic scenario for the entire supply chain in Asia. An update with François Roger, an epidemiologist with CIRAD. </p> Wed, 12 Sep 2018 11:54:40 +0200 A Montpellier, les habitants participent à une recherche sur les habitudes alimentaires https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/montpellier-recherche-participative-sur-les-habitudes-alimentaires https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/montpellier-recherche-participative-sur-les-habitudes-alimentaires <p> Des chercheurs du Cirad, de l’Inra et de Montpellier SupAgro ont lancé une enquête citoyenne sur les pratiques de courses alimentaires auprès des habitants de la métropole de Montpellier. Vous habitez dans la région ? Faites partie de l’aventure !<br />Cette étude est une première en France. Le Cirad participe également au Ghana à une enquête similaire. Ces recherches doivent mettre en évidence le rôle du paysage alimentaire – les moyens disponibles pour s’approvisionner – dans l’alimentation. </p> Thu, 06 Sep 2018 16:24:11 +0200 World Congress on Agroforestry, in Europe for the first time https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/world-congress-on-agroforestry-in-europe https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/world-congress-on-agroforestry-in-europe <p> Agroforestry: strengthening links between science, society and public policy. This is the topic for the 4th World Congress on Agroforestry, which is being held in Europe for the first time. Researchers, decision-makers, students, politicians, NGOs, farmers, and others... some 1500 participants are expected at this international event co-organized by CIRAD, from 20 to 22 May 2019 in Montpellier (France). </p> Thu, 06 Sep 2018 15:35:01 +0200 Le nouveau site web de l'unité de recherche Geco https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/le-nouveau-site-web-de-l-unite-de-recherche-geco https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/le-nouveau-site-web-de-l-unite-de-recherche-geco <p> L'unité Fonctionnement écologique et gestion durable des agrosystèmes bananiers et ananas (Geco) a son nouveau site web en ligne. Le site allie simplicité et efficacité des informations, pour une présentation claire de l'unité, de ses équipes et de l'Observatoire des marchés et ses produits éditoriaux. </p> Thu, 30 Aug 2018 16:18:50 +0200 AQUA 2018 | Phytotherapy in aquaculture to reduce the use of antibiotics https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/phytotherapy-antibiotics-aquaculture https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/phytotherapy-antibiotics-aquaculture <p> Scientists at CIRAD and IRD are testing the use of medicinal plants as an alternative to antibiotics in fish farms. Between laboratory analyses and field research, this innovative work is aimed at limiting the global problem of antibiotic resistance and reviving traditional knowledge of small-scale family fish farming in Southeast Asia. Samira Sarter, a researcher at CIRAD, will present different approaches for a prudent use of antibiotics to the 2 500 participants at the AQUA 2018 international congress, to be held in Montpellier from 25 to 29 August. </p> Fri, 24 Aug 2018 12:20:35 +0200 Japanese encephalitis also affects urban areas https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/japanese-encephalitis-in-urban-areas https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/japanese-encephalitis-in-urban-areas <p> Several research results have recently disproved the theory that Japanese encephalitis is limited to rural areas. The work in question, led by CIRAD, has provided new information on the mechanisms involved in the transmission, persistence and spread of this emerging disease. Half the world’s population is now under threat from Japanese encephalitis. Although vaccination remains the best way of protecting humans, according to researchers, various control methods, from targeted vaccination of farmed pigs to vector control, could restrict virus circulation effectively. </p> Fri, 24 Aug 2018 10:42:36 +0200 AQUA 2018 | Sustainable fish farming: improving feed efficiency in tilapia https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/improving-feed-efficiency-in-tilapia https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/science/improving-feed-efficiency-in-tilapia <p> Optimising fish feed is the best way of reducing the economic and environmental costs of aquaculture. In order to select the tilapia that best process the feed given to them, researchers at CIRAD are closely studying feed efficiency. Recent research has shown that there is no correlation between feed efficiency and aggressive behaviour in Nile tilapia. These findings will be presented by Hugues de Verdal, a researcher at CIRAD, to the 2 500 participants at the AQUA 2018 international congress, to be held in Montpellier from 25 to 29 August. </p> Thu, 23 Aug 2018 14:11:38 +0200 AQUA 2018 | Agroecology to meet the challenge of sustainable aquaculture https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/agroecology-to-meet-the-challenge-of-sustainable-aquaculture https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/agroecology-to-meet-the-challenge-of-sustainable-aquaculture <p> At AQUA 2018, the world aquaculture congress to be held for the first time in Montpellier from 25 to 29 August, CIRAD will support FAO in the organisation of a special session on agroecology and its application to aquaculture on Saturday 25 August. Around 100 participants are expected out of the 2 500 people attending the congress, which will bring together 60 nationalities. </p> Thu, 23 Aug 2018 09:51:37 +0200 Oil palm: few areas in Africa reconcile high yields and primate protection https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/oil-palm-in-africa https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/oil-palm-in-africa <p> An international research team, including scientists from CIRAD and the European Commission Joint Research Centre, has assessed the potential impact on primates of the expansion of oil palm cultivation in Africa. The authors of the study combined information on land suitability for oil palm cultivation with primate distribution, diversity and vulnerability. They concluded that it will be very difficult to reconcile oil palm development in Africa with biodiversity conservation. These results were published today in the American journal PNAS. </p> Tue, 14 Aug 2018 09:30:44 +0200 There can be no sustainable development without profound changes in food systems https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/transforming-food-systems-for-sustainable-development https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/transforming-food-systems-for-sustainable-development <p> Food systems are situated at the crossroads between the many issues and contradictions surrounding sustainable development: food and nutritional security, human and ecosystem health, natural resource renewal, climate change, territorial dynamics, political stability, and social justice. An international group of experts, including researchers from CIRAD, is calling for profound changes in food systems in order to meet the sustainable development goals (SDGs) set by the UN in 2015, and the terms of the Paris Agreement on climate. The authors propose a four-pillar strategy. </p> Wed, 08 Aug 2018 10:45:51 +0200 The bark side of the force https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/bark https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/bark <p> What forces enable trees to stand upright? To grow straight, plants need a motor system that controls their posture by generating forces to offset gravity. Scientists have long thought that this motor force was controlled only by the internal forces induced in wood. In a study published on 4 August 2018 in <em>New Phytologist</em> , researchers from the CNRS and CIRAD show that bark is also involved in the generation of mechanical stresses in several tree species. </p> Mon, 06 Aug 2018 16:58:37 +0200 Peste des petits ruminants: a model for use in eradicating the disease https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/peste-des-petits-ruminants-model https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/peste-des-petits-ruminants-model <p> After rinderpest, it is peste des petits ruminants that the OIE and FAO want to eradicate by 2030. This highly contagious disease is currently found in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and was recently detected in Bulgarie, on the border with Turkey. An article published in the journal <em>PNAS </em> on 27 July suggests a model that serves to prioritize zones for vaccination. This is a welcome alternative to mass vaccination campaigns, which are both costly and highly complex to implement. </p> Mon, 30 Jul 2018 09:55:02 +0200 Food security and agriculture: women in Africa are making themselves heard https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/edd18-food-security-and-agriculture-women-in-africa-are-making-themselves-heard https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/evenements/edd18-food-security-and-agriculture-women-in-africa-are-making-themselves-heard <p> In the light of galloping malnutrition despite increased food production, all eyes are now turning to women. Until now, few people had much idea of the knowledge and strength women could bring to the fight against food insecurity. This is now changing. Debating and consultation forums are opening up to them. Women are making themselves heard and sharing their expertise. A look back at the session &quot;Hidden hunger: produce more or empower more?&quot; organized by CIRAD on 5 June, at this year's European Development Days. </p> Fri, 27 Jul 2018 12:27:11 +0200 Research assessment: CIRAD is banking on the quality of scientific content rather than on impact factor https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/institutionnel/research-assessment-cirad-has-signed-the-san-francisco-declaration-dora https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/institutionnel/research-assessment-cirad-has-signed-the-san-francisco-declaration-dora <p> <strong>On 3 July 2018, CIRAD signed the San Francisco declaration on research assessment (DORA)</strong> . The declaration questions the use of impact factor as an indicator when assessing researchers. The aim of the initiative is to find alternatives to the metrics currently used in research assessment and encourage better practice. CIRAD is also involved in novel approaches for characterizing scientific outputs and research impact on both a national level (EREFIN) and an institutional level (ImpresS). </p> Wed, 25 Jul 2018 15:21:52 +0200 Round 2 for the French animal health epidemiological surveillance platform https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/institutionnel/round-2-for-the-french-animal-health-epidemiological-surveillance-platform https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/institutionnel/round-2-for-the-french-animal-health-epidemiological-surveillance-platform <p> The French animal health epidemiological surveillance platform (ESA) has been boosted by the signing of a new general agreement and the arrival of a tenth member, INRA. The signing on 20 June 2018, by the Director General for Food, was attended by the nine other platform members, including CIRAD. </p> Thu, 12 Jul 2018 16:43:34 +0200 The highly complex sugarcane genome has finally been sequenced https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/sugarcane-genome-sequencing https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2018/sugarcane-genome-sequencing <p> Sugarcane was the last major cultivated plant to have its genome sequenced. This was because of its huge complexity: the genome comprises between 10 and 12 copies of each chromosome, when the human genome has just two. It was an international team coordinated by CIRAD that achieved this milestone, as reported in <em>Nature Communication</em> on 6 July. It will now be possible to &quot;modernize&quot; the methods used to breed sugarcane varieties. This will be a real boon to the sugar and biomass industry. </p> Tue, 10 Jul 2018 10:59:04 +0200 Innovation et développement dans les systèmes agricoles et alimentaires https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/innovation-et-developpement-dans-les-systemes-agricoles-et-alimentaires https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2018/ca-vient-de-sortir/innovation-et-developpement-dans-les-systemes-agricoles-et-alimentaires <p> A book looking at innovation within agricultural and food systems. It particularly highlights support for innovation, notably in terms of methods and organizations, and assessment of innovations as regards various criteria. </p> Thu, 28 Jun 2018 10:54:16 +0200