CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Perspective N° 51. Geospatial information for African agriculture: a key investment for agricultural policies <p> Geospatial information and its derived products, designed to contribute to public agricultural policy making, are not widely used in Africa. The infrastructure, training and skills are lacking, and research and development activities are dispersed and inadequate. More importantly, needs are not formalised and technological resources, driven by the industrialised countries, are ill-adapted to the characteristics of agricultural systems in Africa. Moreover, companies, institutions and projects require a stable environment to ensure operational services, relevant products and useful information. These co-constructed services emerge within long-term partnerships between researchers, consultancies and end users. Research thus offers new opportunities for using satellite imagery to document and explain agricultural transformation processes. Finally, lasting interdisciplinary skills networks are needed to facilitate methodological and thematic exchanges. </p> Thu, 23 May 2019 17:32:06 +0200 Agroforesterie et services écosystémiques en zone tropicale <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>A free e-book compilation of the available knowledge on the functioning and dynamics of agroforestry systems in tropical regions.</strong> </p> Tue, 21 May 2019 15:40:00 +0200 Artificial intelligence to model complex agroforestry systems <p> An innovative project has just been launched at CIRAD to model cocoa agroforestry systems using artificial intelligence. This ambitious programme, called Deep2DPE, will explore three research fronts: the mathematics of modelling, artificial intelligence (neural networks and machine learning) and agronomy to optimise agroforestry systems by modelling them. This third objective should, for example, enhance understanding of how competition for light between species affects cocoa production. </p> Mon, 20 May 2019 14:59:17 +0200 Food security: innovation for better water resource management in North Africa <p> The MASSIRE project takes a participatory approach to select innovations with high potential for water management and to assess the conditions for their adoption in North Africa. The project will strengthen the capacities of young rural people working in family farming, through training and networking. Launched in early May at the Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II (Hassan II Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine) in Rabat (Morocco), this four-year long project, coordinated by CIRAD, will be implemented with its partners in North Africa, thanks to a 2 million euro grant from the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)*. </p> Sat, 18 May 2019 17:21:40 +0200 Agroforestry clusters, a model to complement fair trade <p> Agroforestry cropping systems, highly productive hybrid coffee plants and a local value chain organized by interconnected stakeholders: these are the three pillars of the agroforestry cluster (AFS-Cluster*) concept developed by CIRAD. A pilot cluster created in 2016 produced the Nespresso “Nicaragua” pod. This organizational innovation of an agricultural sector seems to complement ecological and social certification systems and fair trade. The model will be presented at the World Congress on Agroforestry, from 20 to 22 May in Montpellier. </p> Sat, 18 May 2019 11:38:17 +0200 Global mapping of tree microbial symbioses reveals their key role in climate regulation <p> A global map of tree microbial symbioses, produced by the Global Forest Biodiversity Initiative (GFBI), is front-page news in the 16 May issue of <em>Nature</em> . CIRAD, which is on the GFBI Steering Committee, helped coordinate the gathering and analysis of data on tropical forests. The researchers involved demonstrated that if carbon emissions continue at current rates, 10% des of tree ectomycorrhizal fungi will have disappeared by 2070. In a snowball effect, this would trigger even higher carbon emissions. </p> Wed, 15 May 2019 19:44:11 +0200 Le Cirad conclut un accord avec la SATT AxLR pour mieux valoriser ses recherches <p> Le Cirad a conclu le 13 mai un accord de partenariat avec la SATT AxLR pour renforcer les moyens de transfert et de valorisation des travaux de ses 32 unités de recherche. </p> Wed, 15 May 2019 11:51:49 +0200 The sixth mass extinction calls for stronger global governance of biodiversity and an economic paradigm shift <p> The report on the IPBES global assessment of biodiversity and ecosystem services is now out. One of the conclusions is that humans are responsible for a sixth mass extinction that could threaten their very existence. Profound economic, social, policy and technological change is vital. </p> Fri, 10 May 2019 11:10:19 +0200 TEDx conference: games for conflict resolution <p> Claude Garcia, an ecologist at CIRAD, wants to “help people to shape their future”. How? By playing. The researcher explains his original approach with conviction and clarity in a TEDx conference given in Zurich in late 2018. This TED Talk is the outcome of a 6 year-long partnership between CIRAD and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, within the . Claude and his colleagues have designed games based on territorial operating models, in which participants play their own role. They have succeeded in getting former ministers, government representatives, major companies and donors to play. Last year, this innovative research even led to an agreement between different negotiators on the management of primary forests in the Congo Basin. A success after two years of failed attempts with traditional methods. Watch the video. </p> Thu, 02 May 2019 11:19:18 +0200 Didier Bazile: "We need biodiversity in our fields and on our plates" <p> Biodiversity and ecosystem services are vital for agricultural production, and CIRAD is working to develop farming systems that are based on and foster biodiversity. Biodiversity is one of CIRAD's six key thematic fields. On the first day of the <a href="" target="_self">7th IPBES* plenary</a> in Paris, we discuss this fundamental issue with Didier Bazile, a CIRAD researcher and member of the French Committee for IPBES. The annual plenary will end with the publication of the platform's first global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services, to which four CIRAD researchers contributed. </p> Mon, 29 Apr 2019 11:17:10 +0200 CIRAD's expertise put to good use for agricultural development and training in Angola <p> As part of a priority partnership requested by French President Emmanuel Macron, CIRAD President Managing Director Michel Eddi recently accompanied Didier Guillaume, French Minister of Agriculture and Food, on a trip to the Republic of Angola. Agriculture and agricultural training form the nucleus of cooperation between the two countries, which will make full use of CIRAD's expertise. </p> Thu, 25 Apr 2019 16:44:28 +0200 Putting agricultural cooperation at the heart of relations between the European Union and the African Union <p> The Task Force Rural Africa, a group of 11 international experts set up by the European Commission in May 2018, submitted its final report in March 2019, recommending and Africa-Europe agenda for rural transformation. The group is calling for the European Union (EU) and African Union (AU) to put agricultural and rural cooperation at the heart of their relations. This reference document is now at the centre of the burgeoning dialogue between the EU and AU on implementation of the new Africa-Europe Alliance for Sustainable Investment and Jobs. The experts, who included CIRAD's Bruno Losch, came up with a plan of six actions that cover requirements in four strategic fields. </p> Wed, 24 Apr 2019 18:26:53 +0200 Michel Eddi appointed Chair of IDDRI, succeeding Jean Jouzel <p> The Board of IDDRI (Institut du développement durable et des relations internationales) elected its new Bureau on 19 April, and appointed Michel Eddi, President managing Director of CIRAD (French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development), as its Chair, succeeding Jean Jouzel, who becomes honorary Chair. </p> Wed, 24 Apr 2019 16:59:36 +0200 When modelling supports farming and prevents food crises <p> A model developed by CIRAD combines a food crisis early warning system with agriculture-related climate services. It is called SARRA-O, and is the fruit of 30 years' work by CIRAD and of consultations, calibrations, tests and checks with its partners (AGRHYMET, CERAAS, INERA, IER, EMBRAPA, etc). The tool is currently being rolled out, and is due to be presented at AgriNumA, the main digital agriculture event in West Africa. </p> Wed, 24 Apr 2019 13:43:39 +0200 AgriNumA 2019 : le 1er rendez-vous de l’agriculture numérique en Afrique de l’Ouest <p> Plus de 100 acteurs académiques, industriels et de la société civile (Sénégal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Bénin, Cameroun) du secteur numérique et agricole sont attendus du 28 au 30 avril à Dakar (Sénégal) pour AgriNumA 2019, le 1er symposium régional “Agriculture Numérique en Afrique”. Cet événement, organisé par le Cirad, en collaboration avec le Lirima, dans le cadre de l’Institut Convergences #DigitAg, est soutenu par l’Inria et Montpellier Université d’Excellence. Il est adossé à la 9e Conférence sur la Recherche en Informatique et ses Applications*, organisée par l’Association Sénégalaise des Chercheurs en Informatique. </p> Wed, 10 Apr 2019 12:05:35 +0200 Catalogue 2019 des formations professionnelles du Cirad <p> Le catalogue de formations professionnelles 2019 est disponible. Il propose près de 90 formations courtes, longues, à distance, dispensées par les experts du Cirad, à destination des scientifiques et professionnels. La formation s’inscrit depuis longtemps dans le mandat du Cirad. Elle constitue, depuis peu, l’une des quatre ambitions de la vision stratégique. Une offre originale et variée. </p> Mon, 08 Apr 2019 16:32:15 +0200 French agricultural research and CGIAR reinforce their scientific collaboration on agriculture, food and climate change <p> The French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation (MESRI, Paris) hosted the signature event of a joint declaration to reinforce scientific collaboration by CIRAD, INRA, IRD, IRSTEA, Agreenium and CGIAR on 22 March 2019 at the meeting of high-level officials of the French Commission for International Agricultural Research (CRAI). Central to this declaration was the identification of joint actions that focus on three major scientific themes: agriculture and climate change, agroecology and nutrition and sustainable food system. </p> Fri, 05 Apr 2019 14:20:05 +0200 NumBA, la bibliothèque numérique en agronomie tropicale, est lancée <p> Arnaud Beaufort, directeur général adjoint de la Bibliothèque nationale de France et Michel Eddi, président directeur général du Cirad, ont inauguré NumBa, la bibliothèque numérique du Cirad le 4 avril 2019. Ce portail est le fruit d’un partenariat entre le Cirad et la BnF. Conçu dans le cadre du dispositif « Gallica marque blanche » de la BnF, NumBA met à la disposition de tous des collections patrimoniales rares consacrées à l’histoire de l’agronomie des régions tropicales et méditerranéennes à partir de la fin du 19e siècle. </p> Thu, 04 Apr 2019 11:45:38 +0200 World Congress on Agroforestry in Montpellier from 19 to 23 May: a scientific congress and public events <p> Strengthening the links between science, society and public policies… this is the objective of the 4th World Congress on Agroforestry (Agroforestry 2019), under the high patronage of Mr Emmanuel MACRON, President of the French Republic, to be held at the Le Corum conference centre in Montpellier from 20 to 22 May 2019. Open to researchers, students, farmers, NGOs, and political and economic decision-makers alike, the congress is expecting some 1200 participants from more than 100 countries. This international event is being organized in Europe for the first time, by CIRAD and INRA, in partnership with World Agroforestry, Agropolis International and Montpellier University of Excellence. It will be preceded on 19 May by a day of events for the general public, organized by the Fondation de France and the French Association of Agroforestry. </p> Wed, 03 Apr 2019 14:04:34 +0200 Food systems at risk: trends and challenges <p class="MsoNormal"> Food systems are currently under an unprecedented number of threats. This was the conclusion drawn by some forty researchers working on the trends and challenges for food systems. The collective study, commissioned by the European Commission, will be presented by CIRAD at the opening plenary session of the High Level Event of the Global Network against Food Crises in Brussels on 2 and 3 April 2019. A handout containing numerous maps and charts summarizes the presentation. </p> Mon, 01 Apr 2019 17:37:46 +0200