Banana, plantain and pineapple crops are of major socio-economic importance.
• 16 million tonnes of dessert bananas and 1 million tonnes of pineapple are exported annually.
• 90 million tonnes of cooking bananas, mainly plantain, and dessert bananas are grown each year for on-farm consumption and domestic markets.
The aim of the unit is to use its research work to:
- Reduce the negative environmental impacts
of large banana and pineapple plantations and in particular to reduce the use of pesticides.
- Develop crops with high added-value in the French overseas departments
(Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion) to contribute to the socio-economic stability of these production zones.
- Enhance food security and independence in plantain producing countries
by improving the performance and resilience of cropping systems.
The lines of research addressed by the unit
- Understanding the functioning of cropping systems
and in particular the dynamics of pesticide dispersal, the relations between diversity within the agrosystem and its sustainability and the dynamics of the development of biological pests.
- Developing innovative methods for the diagnosis, steering and design of cropping systems
based on the use of indicators and models.
- Developing methods allowing the use of new, improved varieties in cropping systems.
- Understanding the functioning of markets.
The unit's strong points
- A pluridisciplinary team
combining specialists in the disciplines of agronomy, crop protection and economics.
national siting close to production zones
in Martinique, Guadeloupe, Réunion and Cameroon and operations in the main production zones in the form of missions (Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean).
- A network of partners combining scientists in the North and the South
and production partners.
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