CIRAD - Actualités / News eng-GB Bois et forêts des tropiques No. 318 <p> A new issue of the journal <em>Bois et Forêts des Tropiques,</em> published by CIRAD, on propagation, diversity, cloud forests, biological corridors and soil microorganisms. </p> Tue, 15 Apr 2014 17:38:39 +0200 Le lait, vecteur de développement <p> </p> <p> Sous l’égide d’Agreenium, l’Inra organise en collaboration avec le Cirad et Agrocampus Ouest, les 1ères rencontres internationales sur « Le lait, vecteur de développement » - Rennes (France), 21-23 mai 2014. </p> Tue, 15 Apr 2014 10:43:43 +0200 Shea butter in Burkina Faso: better incomes thanks to alternative energy sources <p class="MsoNormal"> In Burkina Faso, shea butter is produced by women using a traditional process that is both labour- and energy-intensive. Researchers from CIRAD recently showed that introducing new practices considerably improved the economic performance of the activity. Using shea nut shells, and churning sludge plus small quantities of butane as fuel rather than wood enables producers to boost their incomes considerably, while reducing the environmental impact of their activity. Using these alternative energy sources almost doubles the profit made per kilo of shea butter produced. On an environmental level, almost 900 hectares of forest could be spared in eastern Burkina Faso. </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Mon, 14 Apr 2014 17:36:22 +0200 Cultivating Biodiversity to Transform Agriculture <p> How can cultivated plant biodiversity contribute to the transformation and the &quot;ecologization&quot; of agriculture in southern countries? This collective work by CIRAD presents the substantial scientific progress made during extensive field work in southern countries, in all the areas affecting agriculture (agronomy, plant breeding, crop protection, cropping systems, innovation and ownership of the living world, etc) in order to intensify the ecological processes in cultivated plots and on the scale of rural landscapes. This book is the first in a series of annual collective works on key research topics at CIRAD. </p> Fri, 11 Apr 2014 16:07:13 +0200 GlobalGap certification: a limited impact on the lychee supply chain in Madagascar <p class="MsoNormal"> Although obtaining certification is both difficult and costly, it looks like a good opportunity for smallholders. Is this really the case? GlobalGap, one of the most commonly used private agrifood labels worldwide, was introduced in the Madagascan lychee supply chain in the mid-2000s. After an enthusiastic reception to begin with, it fell out of favour, and by 2009, only a hundred or so producers were still certified. A survey by a team from CIRAD and INRA has shown that while certification has a positive impact on the producers who are certified, it has a very limited effect on the supply chain as a whole. </p> Wed, 09 Apr 2014 17:28:27 +0200 Marseilles is home to the "Valorisation Sud" consortium HQ <p> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> CIRAD, the Institut Pasteur and the IRD inaugurated the HQ of the &quot;Valorisation Sud&quot; thematic promotion consortium (CVT) in Mareseilles on 9 April 2014, in the presence of Louis Gallois, <em>Commissaire général à l’Investissement</em> and head of the <em>Investissements d’avenir</em> programme. </p> Wed, 09 Apr 2014 15:55:00 +0200 Lawrence Busch: "We have to change the market self and think more in terms of a plural world" <p> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>&quot;L’évolution de notre métier dans la recherche et l’enseignement supérieur : étude des transformations dans un monde néolibéral. Que répondre face aux crises ?&quot; </strong> This is the title of a talk by Lawrence Busch, Professor of Sociology at Michigan State University and &quot;indignant sociologist&quot;, scheduled from <strong>2 to 4 pm on Wednesday 16 April, at CIRAD's Montpellier centre </strong> <strong>(Jacques Alliot amphitheatre). </strong> Entrance free. </p> Mon, 07 Apr 2014 10:42:02 +0200 Guayule latex: a new step towards bio-refining <p> Within the next decade, guayule, a shrub that originated in Mexico, could replace <em>Hevea</em> with a view to satisfying the growing global demand for natural rubber. This could enable natural rubber production in the Mediterranean. In the meantime, research has to come up with a cost-effective extraction process. CIRAD researchers involved in the EU-Pearls project recently took a new step towards industrialization, by developing a rapid, precise guayule biomass analysis technique, based on near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). By supplying the chemical composition of a biomass sample, this technique, which has now been calibrated for guayule, helps in the selection of plants suited to both the climate and the range of soils in the Mediterranean. It also serves to determine the best time to harvest and to measure yields per hectare. The next step is to use mobile apparatus to record data directly in the field and supply crucial information such as production potential in real time, for both farmers and rubber factories. </p> Tue, 01 Apr 2014 16:21:07 +0200 The genome of a palm trypanosomatid has just been sequenced <p> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> Collaboration on an ANR project between the CEA Génoscope team led by Patrick Wincker, that led by Michel Dollet at CIRAD, and European and American laboratories recently enabled the sequencing of the genomes of a trypanosomatid (parasite) that causes sudden wilt of coconut and oil palms in Latin America and the southern Caribbean, and of a non-pathogenic euphorbia trypanosomatid found in southern France. An article was published in the journal PLOS Genetics in February 2014. </p> Tue, 01 Apr 2014 13:57:50 +0200 Emerging diseases: Europe and China are coordinating their research operations <p> China is currently the world's leading producer and consumer of animal products. This situation raises issues as regards the surveillance and control of any animal and zoonotic diseases, such as avian influenza or African swine fever, that may emerge in the country. This recently prompted Europe and China to launch LinkTADs, a research consortium within which CIRAD is coordinating the component devoted to epidemiology. </p> Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:20:59 +0100 Co-publications: CIRAD is the CGIAR's leading French partner <p> A recent bibliometric study placed CIRAD in pole position among the French partners with which the CGIAR co-publishes. The study, conducted by Agreenium and INRA, concerned CGIAR scientific publications, including those written with French research organizations in the agro-science field. </p> Wed, 26 Mar 2014 16:18:59 +0100 Chinese agricultural cooperation in sub-Saharan Africa. Challenging preconceptions <p> A major provider of agricultural aid in sub-Saharan Africa and grabber of millions of hectares of farmland… China's presence in sub-Saharan Africa is surrounded by preconceptions. However, according to two economists, Jean-Jacques Gabas from CIRAD and Xiaoyang Tang from Tsinghua University in Beijing, these ideas should be qualified, if not rectified. This latest issue of <em>Perspective</em> presents their analysis of Chinese agricultural cooperation in sub-Saharan Africa. </p> <p> </p> Mon, 24 Mar 2014 10:59:20 +0100 Fruits, Vol. 69, No 1 <p> A new issue of the journal <em>Fruits,</em> published by EDP Sciences and CIRAD. </p> Fri, 21 Mar 2014 11:04:21 +0100 The Performance of Tree Crop-Based Systems Research Unit website <p> The <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100"></a> website contains news about the activities of the CIRAD Performance of Tree Crop-Based Systems Research Unit, which specializes in the agronomy and agro-ecology of tropical tree crops: oil palm, rubber, cocoa, coffee and coconut. </p> Wed, 19 Mar 2014 11:17:09 +0100 Le sorgho <p> A book on sorghum, a vital food crop for populations in arid and sub-arid areas. It is also cultivated in temperate areas for animal feed. This book addresses all aspects of the plant (biology, genetics, sensitivity to pests) together with the cultivation systems, harvesting methods and how it is processed into human food. A wealth of illustrations supplement the in-depth, up-to-date knowledge on sorghum, its ecological functions and integrated protection. </p> Wed, 19 Mar 2014 10:43:11 +0100 Ivorian cocoa: family farming v. agro-industry? <p> As a result of a production shortfall on the global market, chocolate manufacturers are concerned about supplies and are launching projects and programmes aimed at boosting cocoa yields. There has been an underlying, structural fall in global prices over the past 35 years which has not spared Ivory Coast. </p> Thu, 13 Mar 2014 17:26:54 +0100 Behind the mathematical beauty of plant whorls <p> It was previously thought that the lateral organs of a plant, such as leaves on a branch, grew systematically one after another, staggered at a clearly defined angle. A team of researchers from eight research organizations and universities, including CIRAD, recently cast doubt on this assumption. Their results, published in the prestigious journal Nature, revealed a new mechanism that regulates organ production along the axis, or phyllotaxis. This is the story of that discovery, which boosts our knowledge of plants. </p> Wed, 12 Mar 2014 15:32:15 +0100 Inauguration of a research platform on emerging diseases in Southeast Asia (PRR-Asie) <p> The PRR-ASie regional research platform was inaugurated on 11 March 2014. It was built on the <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">l'Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (IPC)</a> site by the partners in <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">Aviesan Sud</a>, of which CIRAD is an associate member, and is intended to boost advanced research into transmissible infectious diseases, particularly vector-borne and zoonotic diseases, that affect Southeast Asia in particular. </p> Tue, 11 Mar 2014 18:24:05 +0100 International Encounters "FAMILY FARMING AND RESEARCH" - Montpellier, 1 to 3 June 2014 <p> As part of the International Year of Family Farming (IYFF) chosen by the United Nations for 2014, the research organizations in the Agropolis International platform have decided to organize international encounters on the topic of &quot;Family farming and research&quot;. </p> Mon, 10 Mar 2014 15:39:07 +0100 Resilience 2014: an international conference devoted to dialogue <p class="MsoNormal"> An international conference devoted to dialogue between the academic world and the world of development, between scientists and practicians, and between Science and the Arts. </p> Tue, 04 Mar 2014 10:39:00 +0100