CIRAD - Actualités / News eng-GB AGROnews Antilles-Guyane No. 4 <p> A new issue of AGROnews Antilles-Caraïbe (West Indies-French Guiana), with a report on the &quot;pesticide&quot; risk, notably the case of chlordecone in the West Indies. </p> Wed, 17 Sep 2014 16:55:06 +0200 Sticky or firm? A model to predict cooked rice texture <p class="MsoNormal"> When cooked in little water, depending on the chosen cooking time and temperature, rice develops specific stickiness and firmness characteristics. Based on this observation, a team from CIRAD designed a mathematical model that describes the water transfer, swelling and starch gelatinization that occur in rice grains during cooking. The eventual aim is to design innovative rice cookers that could offer cooking programmes tailored to the more or less firm or sticky texture sought by different consumer groups. </p> Fri, 12 Sep 2014 16:17:53 +0200 FAO symposium: international experts take stock of agroecology <p> On the joint initiative of the FAO and the French Ministry of Agriculture, the FAO and its partners, including CIRAD and INRA, are organizing an <strong>International Symposium on AgroEcology for Food Security and Nutrition</strong> in Rome (Italy) on 18 and 19 September<strong>.</strong> </p> Wed, 10 Sep 2014 10:22:38 +0200 Launch of Climate Challenge, an international competition on agricultural innovation to address climate change <p> Agence Française de Développement (AFD) and the Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) have launched the first international competition “Climate Challenge Agriculture and Forestry”, which promotes agricultural and forestry innovation to address climate change. Anne Paugam, Chief Executive Officer of AFD, and Michel Eddi, Chairman of CIRAD presented this competition on 9 September 2014 during the 7th edition of the Convergences World Forum, which gathers public, private and solidarity-based actors who are working to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. </p> Tue, 09 Sep 2014 16:59:51 +0200 Large trees, a key element in Amazon rainforest dynamics <p> Large trees play a vital role in the carbon balance of logged forests. This was the conclusion drawn by a study in the Brazilian Amazon by CIRAD and EMBRAPA. By sparing large trees, reducing logging intensity and being paid compensation for doing so, logging firms can greatly improve their sustainability. An additional benefit is the improved functioning of the whole forest ecosystem, for which these trees are of major ecological value. </p> Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:23:20 +0200 Le Cirad rejoint le club des opérateurs de l’État au service du développement durable <p> Le Cirad vient de signer la Charte du développement durable des établissements publics et entreprises publiques. A l’instar de l’Inra et de l’IRD notamment, il affirme son engagement en faveur du développement durable et entre ainsi dans le club des 61 établissements membres. </p> Thu, 04 Sep 2014 17:14:36 +0200 The coffee genome has been sequenced <p> An international study coordinated by researchers from the CEA (Genoscope), CIRAD, the CNRS, the IRD and the University of Buffalo (USA), involving many laboratories, has identified for the first time a reference for coffee. The results are published in the 5 September 2014 issue of the journal <em>Science</em> . </p> Thu, 04 Sep 2014 10:52:07 +0200 The genetic history of citrus fruits: a precious tool for creating new varieties <p> Reconstituting the history of cultivated citrus varieties through genomics was the ambitious aim of a project conducted by an international consortium involving CIRAD. The results, published in <em>Nature Biotechnology</em> , are decisive for the breeding of new varieties that are both disease-resistant and adapted to climate change. </p> Wed, 03 Sep 2014 16:17:35 +0200 Fertilization: is phosphorus from organic waste as effective as inorganic fertilizers? <p> With the global exhaustion of phosphorus resources, organic waste of animal, urban or agroindustrial origin are now a veritable mine of crop fertilizers for the future. CIRAD recently launched a comparative study in Réunion of the phosphorus fertilizer value of various types of organic waste suitable for applications on tropical soils. </p> Fri, 29 Aug 2014 16:09:40 +0200 Fruits Vol. 69, No. 4 <p> A new issue of the journal <em>Fruits,</em> published by EDP Sciences and CIRAD. </p> Thu, 28 Aug 2014 16:41:50 +0200 Innovating with rural stakeholders in the developing world: Action research in partnership <p> The fundamentals of research-action partnerships in agriculture, and key elements for putting such an approach into practice. The English version of the book, first published in French, is now available. </p> Thu, 28 Aug 2014 16:03:18 +0200 PSP5, or how to face phosphorus scarcity <p> The 5th International Phosphorus in Soils and Plants Symposium (PSP5 2014 Facing Phosphorus Scarcity) is to be held in Montpellier, France, from 26 to 29 August 2014. The emphasis is being placed on the issues surrounding the increasing scarcity of phosphorus. </p> Mon, 04 Aug 2014 14:29:33 +0200 A cooperative to promote local agricultural biodiversity in Mali <p> In Africa, 90% of millet and sorghum seeds are traditionally bred and produced by farmers themselves. The in situ conservation and the promotion of these varieties is now a major objective for both farmers and researchers. It is one of the tasks set for a cooperative set up to manage agricultural biodiversity sustainably (GDBA), the fruit of a project in Mali, coordinated by CIRAD, which was completed recently. </p> Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:23:13 +0200 Natural resource management: when games come up with solutions <p> We often think of games as receation for children. However, gaming is a serious learning method in terms of both communication and sharing. This is what researchers from CIRAD and their Senegalese partners tested recently, with a view to drafting natural resource management policy. The participatory method they used combined role-play and simulation board games. It allowed farmers to test their proposals, with a view to ensuring sustainable development without any preconceived scientific or political ideas. The objective was to allow local know-how to be expressed, so as to derive original solutions suited to natural resource use in the uncertain climatic conditions of the Sahel. </p> Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:05:57 +0200 Cassava: a disease surveillance network in Africa <p> Twenty-eight international organizations recently joined forces to fight cassava diseases in Africa. The network, PACSUN (Pan-African Cassava Surveillance Network) created is setting out to prevent a possible food catastrophe, since cassava is playing an increasingly vital role in the subsistence of people in Africa. </p> Fri, 25 Jul 2014 15:53:38 +0200 CIRAD relaunches scientific cooperation with Ivory Coast <p> During the French President's State visit to Ivory Coast on 17 July, CIRAD and the Centre national de recherche agronomique (CNRA) signed a new general cooperation agreement. The signing marks the resumption of CIRAD's scientific cooperation activities in Ivory Coast, following a period of political unrest in the country. Other agreements with Ivorian research and higher education establishments, professional bodies and funding agencies look set to follow. </p> Fri, 25 Jul 2014 14:45:25 +0200 Agro-ecology and Sustainable Intensification of Annual Crops: the new unit is on line <p> This new CIRAD research unit, the result of a merger between the Annual Cropping Systems (SCA) and Conservation Agriculture and System Engineering (SIA) units, has a wide range of expertise for use in support of ecological intensification, in response to societal demand and development requirements. Its new website, <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100"></a>, contains the latest news and information on the unit's activities. </p> Thu, 17 Jul 2014 16:27:11 +0200 Global food security: CIRAD and INRA suggest innovative lines of research <p> By the end of the century, food security will be affected by several factors: population growth, climate change, economic unequalities, natural resource shortages, etc. This issue is therefore a major challenge for research, which is why CIRAD and INRA have joined forces to conduct joint, long-term programmes framed by a metaprogramme. The two organizations will be addressing novel issues, at the interface between between more conventional lines of research in this field. The metaprogramme, called GloFoodS (Transitions to Global Food Security), was launched in Montpellier in June 2014. </p> Tue, 15 Jul 2014 16:53:27 +0200 Social structure, a determining factor for crop diversity <p> How do human societies influence crop evolution processes? Researchers from CIRAD and their partners recently demonstrated that sorghum genetic diversity distribution in eastern Kenya was linked to the ethnolinguistic origin of farmers. Taking this into account would make genetic resource collection and characterization programmes more efficienct. This is a major issue for resource conservation. </p> Fri, 11 Jul 2014 17:17:04 +0200 Those potentially lethal bats <p> Bats are accused of all sorts of ills, and even of carrying lethal diseases. They are believed to harbour viruses such as Ebola, Marburg, Nipah, rabies, etc. Even worse, they are suspected of contaminating both animals and humans. </p> Mon, 07 Jul 2014 09:06:38 +0200