CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = http://www.cirad.fr - Langue = eng-GB http://www.cirad.fr/en/rss/cirad-actualites-news eng-GB Recherches en agro-écologie : le Cirad et l’Inra affichent leur positionnement commun http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/agro-ecologie-le-cirad-et-l-inra-affichent-leur-positionnement-commun http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/agro-ecologie-le-cirad-et-l-inra-affichent-leur-positionnement-commun <p> L’agro-écologie constitue un des chantiers scientifiques prioritaires du Cirad et de l’Inra. Au Nord, comme au Sud, la démarche agro-écologique est une voie majeure pour développer une agriculture durable et multi-performante. Elle dessine ainsi un nouveau paradigme pour concevoir des systèmes alimentaires durables. Dans cette optique, le Cirad et l’Inra ont identifié ensemble cinq axes de recherche portant sur la biodiversité, les grands cycles biogéochimiques, les paysages et des territoires, les systèmes de production et les systèmes d’innovation. </p> Tue, 06 Dec 2016 11:51:11 +0100 AC&SD 2016 - An international conference combining food security, environmental sustainability and social progress http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/ac-sd-2016 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/ac-sd-2016 <p class="MsoNormal"> Over 200 experts will meet in Montpellier, France, at the “Agri-Chains and Sustainable Development: linking local and global dynamics” conference on 12-14 December to discuss what can be done to balance an ever-evolving global demand for food and other agricultural products in the face of a worsening environmental crisis and growing social inequalities. </p> Fri, 02 Dec 2016 16:51:45 +0100 Pl@ntNet receives a 2016 La Recherche prize http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/pl-ntnet-receives-a-2016-la-recherche-prize http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/pl-ntnet-receives-a-2016-la-recherche-prize <p> The 13th edition of the La Recherche prize for science publications was held on 30 November. The &quot;Coup de cœur&quot; category was won by the article &quot;A look inside the Pl@ntNet experience&quot;, co-signed by the members of the Pl@ntNet consortium associating CIRAD, INRA, INRIA and the IRD, in collaboration with Tela Botanica. A well-deserved prize for this collaborative wild plant identification support system. </p> Thu, 01 Dec 2016 11:23:12 +0100 La sécurité alimentaire mondiale en débat public à Montpellier http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/la-securite-alimentaire-mondiale-en-debat-public-a-montpellier http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/la-securite-alimentaire-mondiale-en-debat-public-a-montpellier <p> Agropolis International et la Chaire UNESCO Alimentations du Monde organisent le 1er décembre 2016 une matinée de débats consacrés à l’alimentation, à l’occasion de la réunion à Montpellier du comité directeur du Groupe d’experts de haut niveau sur la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition (HLPE) du Comité des Nations Unies pour la Sécurité Alimentaire mondiale (CSA). Au programme : quelles sont les questions cruciales et émergentes liées à la sécurité alimentaire mondiale ? Comment la science peut-elle contribuer au débat politique ? </p> Wed, 30 Nov 2016 18:13:49 +0100 Forestry concessions: towards a new type of governance that overlaps industrial and community rights http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/perspective-38-concessions-2.0-governance-that-overlaps-industrial-and-community-rights http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/perspective-38-concessions-2.0-governance-that-overlaps-industrial-and-community-rights <p> Industrial forestry concessions have existed for over a century in Africa. They have often been criticized for their limited contribution to rural development and for the blurring of customary land rights. In Central Africa, concessions have resulted in the establishment of specialist areas in which concession holders and local populations are mutually exclusive. In the light of this, a new type of forestry concession, both multi-use and multi-user, is emerging. CIRAD suggests a model, to be called &quot;Concession 2.0&quot;. This type of concession recognizes customary territories within and around concessions, through participatory mapping. It organizes sharing of the revenue derived from wood indexed on the extent of the customary territories within the concession and contracts signed with communities. It enables the development of resources other than timber, in association with local people. It introduces the concept of governance shared between the various stakeholders. Lastly, it fosters the emergence of community concessions, exclusive areas potentially associated with the industrial concession. What remains, to ensure the evolution of this new vision of territorial forestry development that combines inclusive management and exclusive rights, is to mobilize support from public development aid and to adapt the legislation. </p> Tue, 29 Nov 2016 18:33:19 +0100 CIRAD and the French Ministry of Agriculture step up collaboration in the French overseas regions and abroad http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/cirad-maaf-general-agreement-signed-for-dom-and-abroad http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/cirad-maaf-general-agreement-signed-for-dom-and-abroad <p> CIRAD and the French Ministry of Agriculture last month signed a new general collaboration agreement covering the French overseas régions and abroad. The agreement includes: mitigation of and adaptation to climate change, forest management, agro-ecology, family farming, health risk management, technical innovation and agricultural transfer networks (RITAs in the French overseas regions, and the impact of research. </p> Fri, 25 Nov 2016 09:58:38 +0100 Phytotrons, windows on the future http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/phytotrons-windows-on-the-future http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/phytotrons-windows-on-the-future <p> <strong>Like all the living organisms on the planet, plants are suffering the consequences of climate change. How are they likely to react to the new climate conditions over the coming décades? To find out, researchers from CIRAD are studying photosynthesis, notably thanks to two high-tech phytotrons. A quick look into the future.</strong> </p> Fri, 18 Nov 2016 13:46:07 +0100 CIRAD, the IRD, INRA and their partners working for 4 per 1000 at COP22 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/cirad-the-ird-inra-and-their-partners-working-for-4-per-1000-at-cop22 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/cirad-the-ird-inra-and-their-partners-working-for-4-per-1000-at-cop22 <p> The three French signatories of a draft agreement on the 4 per 1000 initiative - CIRAD, the IRD and INRA - and their international partners from the CGIAR (Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research) and the University of Ohio are at the heart of the debates and events centring on the 4 per 1000 programme on 16 and 17 November in Marrakech, during COP22. </p> Wed, 16 Nov 2016 17:39:50 +0100 La prochaine peste http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/la-prochaine-peste http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/la-prochaine-peste <p> Infectious diseases are feared and sometimes demonized, yet they are an integral part of the history of the human race. The emergence or re-emergence of infectious diseases such as Ebola, Zika, avian influenza or swine flu should be viewed both within the historical framework of the gradual co-evolution of humans and animals and within the geographical framework resulting from increased trade globalization. </p> Tue, 15 Nov 2016 16:19:03 +0100 Thierry Brunelle: "4 per 1000 is the emission compensation strategy that offers the best environmental guarantees" http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/questions-a/4-per-1000-is-the-emission-compensation-strategy-that-offers-the-best-environmental-guarantees http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/questions-a/4-per-1000-is-the-emission-compensation-strategy-that-offers-the-best-environmental-guarantees <p> The Paris Agreement has just come into force. The signatory States have undertaken to restrict global warming to + 2°C. As COP22 begins, Thierry Brunelle, an economist with CIRAD, reminds us of the extent of this global challenge. Agriculture has a specific role to play in the mitigation challenge, by reducing its emissions and capturing greenhouse gases. The &quot;4 per 1000: soils for food security and climate&quot; initiative, led by France, suggests storing carbon in agricultural soils. </p> Tue, 08 Nov 2016 19:16:23 +0100 CIRAD will be at COP22 in Marrakech http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/cirad-will-be-at-cop22-in-marrakech http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/cirad-will-be-at-cop22-in-marrakech <p> CIRAD, along with its partners, will be involved in numerous events at COP22, to be held from 7 to 18 November in Marrakech. The Paris Agreement (COP21), aimed at limiting warming to 2°C, will be in force as of 4 November. It is the first ever global agreement on climate. </p> Wed, 02 Nov 2016 11:29:49 +0100 Agrimonde-Terra, a foresight study approach that can be adapted to the South http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/agrimonde-terra-a-foresight-study-approach-that-can-be-adapted-to-the-south http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/agrimonde-terra-a-foresight-study-approach-that-can-be-adapted-to-the-south <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>VIDEO. How is land use worldwide likely to change between now and 2050? How can we reconcile population pressure, urbanization, changing lifestyles, climate change, energy demand and food security while preserving an essential resource: land? These are crucial questions for southern countries, particularly in Africa, which are facing an unprecedented demographic transition. </strong> <br /><strong>Agrimonde-Terra offers scenario analyses and a scenario making methodology that can be used to steer multi-stakeholder approaches on a regional or national level. Tunisia already tried them out in 2015. Other countries such as Burkina Faso and Senegal have expressed an interest. This video contains eyewitness accounts.</strong> </p> Mon, 17 Oct 2016 13:34:44 +0200 Montpellier | The Maison de la télédétection doubles its floorspace http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/montpellier-the-maison-de-la-teledetection-doubles-its-floorspace http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/montpellier-the-maison-de-la-teledetection-doubles-its-floorspace <p> The Maison de la télédétection (MTD - Remote Sensing Centre), in Montpellier, officially opened its new facility on Monday 10 October 2016. With double the previous floorspace and new calculation and image reception facilities, the MTD will be working to boost research in the fields of the environment, agriculture and land use planning in France and in southern countries. </p> Mon, 17 Oct 2016 12:05:58 +0200 Etienne Hainzelin: "The urgency and complexity of the issue of food security call for a new perspective, at the interface between the sectors concerned" http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/questions-a/glofoods-food-security-perspective-at-sectorial-interfaces http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/questions-a/glofoods-food-security-perspective-at-sectorial-interfaces <p> To mark World Food Day, Etienne Hainzelin, CIRAD Co-leader of GloFoods, presents the main trends highlighted by this French metaprogramme on food security. The programme encompasses 27 research projects and involves a hundred or so scientists from CIRAD and INRA and many other partners. </p> Sat, 15 Oct 2016 19:32:11 +0200 Could sewage farm sludge be used to fertilize sugarcane plantations in Réunion? http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/sewage-farm-sludge-fertilizer-sugarcane-plantations-reunion http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/sewage-farm-sludge-fertilizer-sugarcane-plantations-reunion <p> CIRAD, in partnership with Veolia, has for three years been monitoring the agro-environmental impacts of using lime-treated, dried sludge from the Grand Prado sewage farm in Réunion (Sainte-Marie) as a fertilizer. This wide-ranging trial, which is unique in the french overseas regions, is planned to run for 20 years. The first results suggest that treated sludge may be suitable for the soils and sugarcane plantations of Réunion. </p> Fri, 14 Oct 2016 14:52:35 +0200 Biodiversity losses reduce forest productivity http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/biodiversity-losses-reduce-forest-productivity http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/biodiversity-losses-reduce-forest-productivity <p> Writing in the journal Science, an international team of researchers from some 90 institutions, including CIRAD, has shown that diversity losses within the world’s forests reduces their productivity. As a result, their capacity to capture carbon, hence to mitigate climate change, is also reduced. Furthermore, the team’s results put the economic value of that biodiversity at between 166 and 490 billion dollars per year. </p> Fri, 14 Oct 2016 12:21:29 +0200 Landmatrix II - 26.7 Million Hectares of Land in Investors’ Hands http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/landmatrix-ii-26.7-million-hectares-of-land-in-investors-hands http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/landmatrix-ii-26.7-million-hectares-of-land-in-investors-hands <p> <strong><strong>New report by the Land Matrix initiative takes stock of situation</strong> . </strong> </p> <p> </p> Tue, 11 Oct 2016 18:41:16 +0200 ProMusa-ISHS 2016: agro-ecological approaches to promote innovative banana production systems http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/promusa-ishs-2016 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/promusa-ishs-2016 <p> The X International Symposium on Banana, ProMusa-ISHS 2016, is being held in Montpellier from 10 to 14 October. The event, co-organized by CIRAD, Bioversity International's ProMusa group and the International Society for Horticultural Science, has attracted more than a hundred experts to discuss the ways of reconciling agro-ecology and banana production. </p> Mon, 10 Oct 2016 17:13:40 +0200 Brazil | Pigeon pea provides a cost-effective soil cover for farmers in the Cerrado http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/cerrado-brazil-pigeon-pea-a-cost-effective-soil-cover http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/cerrado-brazil-pigeon-pea-a-cost-effective-soil-cover <p> Conservation agriculture is seen as an effective way of combining ecological sustainability and economic viability while maintaining or even increasing agricultural productivity. However, for small-scale farmers in the South, it is often difficult to implement, since during the transitional phase, it calls for financial means that they do not have. Under these conditions, how can they adopt such systems and what types of soil cover may be economically worthwhile for them? </p> <p> Researchers from CIRAD and their Brazilian counterparts have designed a simulation model to answer these questions in the case of the mixed family crop-livestock farms of the Cerrado in Brazil. The Cerrado is a region of Brazil comprising savannahs with particularly dense vegetation, which are very rich in terms of biodiversity. The farms in the region, which are most family-run, are concentrated on a small area. The model served to understand overall farm functioning and simulate changes in crop and livestock production systems. </p> <p> In particular, it showed that a system on a pigeon pea cover crop was economically worthwhile for all the types of farms and of livestock production (dairy- or meat-oriented). This result can primarily be put down to the high protein value of pigeon pea when used as fodder. Not forgetting the other benefits of any type of mulch-based system: provision of biomass, soil protection against erosion, weed control, improved mineral and water balances. </p> Mon, 10 Oct 2016 15:27:06 +0200 Fête de la science 2016 | From cocoa to chocolate, solve the mystery of aromas http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/fete-de-la-science-2016-the-aromas-of-cocoa-and-chocolate http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/fete-de-la-science-2016-the-aromas-of-cocoa-and-chocolate <p> CIRAD will be celebrating science on 15 October in Montpellier, at the Fête de la Science. Members of the public will be able to meet researchers and hear about their work. This year's topic is the secrets of aromas, from cocoa to chocolate. </p> Fri, 30 Sep 2016 11:26:42 +0200