CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Fête de la science 2017 | Entrez dans l’intimité des bois tropicaux <p> A l’occasion de la Fête de la science 2017 organisée à Montpellier, découvrez les secrets des bois tropicaux, testez leurs différentes caractéristiques (odeur, couleur, densité, résistance) et observez l’un de ses principaux ravageurs. Les 7 et 8 octobre au Village des sciences et les 11 et 12 octobre au Cirad. </p> Sat, 23 Sep 2017 08:20:57 +0200 China is under threat from African swine fever <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Hundreds of millions of pigs in China could soon come up against the terrible disease African swine fever (ASF). In an attempt to avert such a catastrophe, or at least limit its impact, researchers from CIRAD, the RVC (UK) and the FAO, and their partners in China, have studied the factors behind the emergence of ASF and the probable ways in which it spreads. The conclusion is that the only possible solution is an integrated approach, involving each and every stakeholder in the supply chain.</strong> </p> Tue, 19 Sep 2017 16:45:22 +0200 Identifying plants used as natural pesticides in Africa <p> In response to growing demands in both North and South to reduce pesticide use, a new project, Knomana, set out to identify plants that are already used for their pesticidal effects in Africa. The results are intended to support the development of organic farming in Africa, and to pinpoint the economic development potential of using such plants in the countries concerned. Knomana is being conducted under the umbrella of the INRA-CIRAD Glofoods metaprogramme. </p> Mon, 18 Sep 2017 15:40:31 +0200 Desert locusts: new risks in the light of climate change <p> The desert locust is an invasive species that is both well known and feared because of the large-scale agricultural damage it can cause. It is particularly closely monitored, to prevent the risks of outbreaks and invasions. Climate change could modify its distribution area, meaning a new threat to agriculture, according to a study published in the journal Global Change Biology by researchers from CIRAD and INRA. </p> Thu, 07 Sep 2017 16:07:03 +0200 The 4P1000 initiative receives the World Future Council Future Policy Award <p> The 4P1000 initiative has won the World Future Council Future Policy Award. The award celebrates the best policies in favour of land restoration. This means international recognition for the initiative, which aims to boost carbon storage in the soil with a view to mitigating climate change, adapting to it, and contributing to food security. It was launched two years ago by the French Ministry of Agriculture, and associates CIRAD, INRA and the IRD, with the support of the CGIAR and Ohio State University. </p> Mon, 28 Aug 2017 16:35:37 +0200 Une troisième voie entre l’État et le marché : échanges avec Elinor Ostrom <p> Following 2009 Nobel Prize for Economics winner Elinor Ostrom's trip to France, the authors of a book, <em>Une troisième voie entre l’État et le marché, </em> recount her teachings based on her exchanges with an audience. </p> Fri, 25 Aug 2017 10:45:11 +0200 Biodiversity Conservation in Southeast Asia <p> Southeast Asia has been experiencing major environmental and social changes for several decades. In this context, the book <em>Biodiversity Conservation in Southeast Asia </em> explores the conservation of biodiversity through its history, its challenges, its management, related politics and economics, and its governance. A valuable resource for academics and students in the areas of ecology, conservation, environmental policy and management, Southeast Asia studies and sustainable development. </p> Tue, 22 Aug 2017 17:09:36 +0200 Drip Irrigation for Agriculture <p> In emerging and developing countries, growing numbers of farmers are using drip irrigation. A book, <em>Drip Irrigation for Agriculture, </em> explains under what conditions such systems work, for whom, and with what effects. It shows the enthusiasm of smallholders as regards the use and dissemination of such systems, but also their disappointment and disillusion in some cases. </p> Thu, 20 Jul 2017 18:49:46 +0200 Highlights 2016 | Activities Report <p> The latest CIRAD activities report is just out. The new format looks back at the highlights for the organization in 2016. It is available in hard copy and interactive versions, to reflect the increasing digitalization of communication practices and materials. </p> Thu, 20 Jul 2017 13:04:33 +0200 La résilience des systèmes écologiques et sociaux : accompagner la prise en compte de l'incertitude pour le développement <p> L'étude du changement étant devenu la norme, le terme résilience est passé dans le langage courant. Il est notamment utilisé par les acteurs du développement et de l’humanitaire pour donner un cadre de mise en oeuvre du développement durable des régions touchées par des chocs répétés : il s’agit de trouver des synergies entre des interventions d’urgence (réaction directe après une catastrophe) et des stratégies de développement à moyen et long termes. Ces acteurs ont ainsi élaboré un usage du concept de la résilience qui se distingue d'une autre approche, l'école de la résilience des systèmes écologiques et sociaux, plus ancienne. Ces deux approches se fondent sur l’intégration des dynamiques écologiques et de l’ensemble des groupes sociaux, sur la reconnaissance de la pluralité des connaissances et des potentielles trajectoires de développement, et sur l’accompagnement de la transformation des groupes sociaux. Ce <em>Perspective</em> montre en quoi elles sont complémentaires et identifie les axes selon lesquels des coopérations entre les acteurs issus des deux écoles offriraient de réelles perspectives. </p> <p> </p> Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:35:23 +0200 Analysing value chains from a sustainable development perspective <p> The European Commission recently launched a vast programme aimed at understanding the impact of value chains in terms of sustainability, on an economic, social and environmental level. CIRAD, which is a member of the coordinating consortium Agrinatura, played a major role in designing the project, called Value Chain Analysis for Development (VCA4D). It is now applying its high level of expertise in in-depth analyses, notably in the field, to several value chains being assessed by the programme. </p> Wed, 19 Jul 2017 14:11:38 +0200 CIRAD at EDD 2017: fuelling dialogue with development players <p> A look back at CIRAD's participation in European Development Days 2017 on 6 and 7 June. CIRAD contributed to this unmissable event through five initiatives centring on the issues surrounding sustainable development in agriculture. A winning formula that serves to fuel dialogue with various development players. See recordings of the sessions and live tweets from the event. </p> Mon, 03 Jul 2017 13:43:34 +0200 Agricultural research in the global South: steering research beyond impact promises <p class="MsoNormal"> Faced with the salient development issues in developing countries, agricultural research for development is increasingly being called upon to demonstrate its usefulness and its impacts, particularly among donors and policy makers. To meet this legitimate requirement, CIRAD has developed an approach called ImpresS (Impact of Research in the South) with the goal of documenting the contribution of research to changes within society and the mechanisms at work along the impact pathway.<br /> This <em>Perspective </em> presents the key lessons learned from the application of this innovative participatory approach to a set of 13 <em>ex post</em> case studies, sometimes many years after the intervention of research. It describes the implications of this process in terms of practices among not only researchers, but also donors.<br />To go beyond the promise of impact during the submission of research projects, which is often reduced to a purely rhetorical exercise, CIRAD aims to develop a &quot;culture of impact&quot; that permanently modifies its research practices in order to generate more consistent impacts on development. </p> Fri, 30 Jun 2017 10:06:01 +0200 #DigitAg: seven years to support the development of smart farming <p> Ensuring food security, protecting the environment, managing health risks, and improving farmers' living conditions and access to markets are all global challenges for which digital technologies are aboslutely vital. Seventeen French research, higher education and private-sector players have joined forces to analyse and support the development of smart farming in both North and South. Their partnership within #DigitAg was launched in Montpellier on 30 June. CIRAD is contributing its expertise in terms of farming systems in the South, the surrounding issues and the local situation. </p> Thu, 29 Jun 2017 19:17:58 +0200 Animal and human health: tackling uncertainty through participatory modelling and simulation <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Zoonoses – infectious diseases communicable between animals and humans –, drug resistance and environmental pollution are now causing serious health problems worldwide. These problems are closely tied to global environmental and socio-economic changes and to the transformation of production systems</strong> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>at the territorial level. In this context, health management is becoming a complex issue: it needs to be addressed in close collaboration with the public veterinary health, agriculture and environment sectors. New uncertainties are emerging, and nonconventional actors are entering the scene alongside the decision-makers traditionally responsible for public health. In response to these constraints, researchers are using a participatory modelling and simulation approach</strong> , described in this issue of <em>Perspective. </em> <strong>The approach incorporates the diverse knowledge of all of these actors. It reveals uncertainties and teaches participants how to manage them, to make decisions and to share responsibility. It constitutes a practical solution to ensure health issues are better integrated into territorial planning policies.</strong> </p> Thu, 29 Jun 2017 16:22:04 +0200 International conference: "Living Territories 2018" <p> <em><strong>SAVE THE DATE.</strong> </em> In line with its current spotlight topic, Territories, CIRAD is working with its partners to organize an international conference from 22 to 24 January, in Montpellier, France. Following the belief that there won’t be peace nor prosperity, including in the urban world, without living and flourishing rural communities, the Conference will showcase the importance of rural territories to the achievement of SDGs, both locally and globally. Think and act locally in regard to act globally to the benefit of sustainable development is a political project : it aims to reduce social and economic inequalities, including gender-related disparities, and to address environment concerns. The Conference will also set the scene of a shared agenda for research and action. </p> Mon, 26 Jun 2017 10:39:25 +0200 No, palm oil is not responsible for 40% of global deforestation <p> An article published in The Conversation deciphers the path and gradual erosion of crucial information about the relationship between deforestation and oil palm plantations. In particular, it shows that, contrary to what has been reported in the media, oil palm is not responsible for 40% but 2.3% of global deforestation. The three authors, researchers at CIRAD, thus highlight at what point in the chain and by what document a distortion of the facts appears, contributing to the use of inaccurate information. </p> Fri, 23 Jun 2017 12:07:40 +0200 Découvrez l'agro-écologie sous le ciel des pays tropicaux <p> A l’occasion de la nuit de l’agro-écologie 2017, visitez l'exposition en ligne « La nature comme modèle » et découvrez de nombreuses ressources sur l’agro-écologie dans les pays tropicaux. Ce modèle agricole rassemble des pratiques ayant pour principe fondateur l'optimisation des processus naturels. Ces pratiques mobilisent ainsi les fonctionnalités écologiques des agrosystèmes pour assurer une production agricole durable. </p> Wed, 21 Jun 2017 16:27:38 +0200 Funding biodiversity for better conservation <p> With the launch of new biodiversity preservation funding mechanisms, the European Union tasked CIRAD with an appraisal of these innovative instruments in Mexico and Europe. This resulted in three reports that pave the way for a more in-depth study with a view to boosting their implementation on a bilateral basis. </p> Tue, 20 Jun 2017 16:37:13 +0200 Managing degraded forests, a new priority in the Brazilian Amazon <p> By taking drastic steps, Brazil has succeeded in reducing the annual deforestation rate for Amazonia from 27 770 km2 in 2005 to 5 830 km2 in 2015. However, those steps have not had any effect on forest degradation, notably the partial destruction of the canopy. In the Brazilian Amazon, degraded forests dominate the landscape along pioneer fronts. The region now faces a major challenge: stopping degradation and managing its forests sustainably. In this issue of <em>Perspective, </em> researchers highlight four priorities for research: developing degraded forest characterization and monitoring methods, drafting specific management plans, understanding the role played by all social players, and supporting policies on a territorial level.<br />Nowadays, degraded forests are a forest category in their own right. They could play a major role in mitigating climate change. They could also contribute to better ecological functioning on a territorial level. Drafting policies with the dual aim of reducing degradation and optimizing these forests requires strong support from research. </p> <p> </p> Fri, 16 Jun 2017 17:58:32 +0200