CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = http://www.cirad.fr - Langue = eng-GB http://www.cirad.fr/en/rss/cirad-actualites-news eng-GB Climate and development | Investing in knowledge to support effective decisions http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/institutionnel/climate-and-development-investing-in-knowledge-to-support-effective-decisions http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/institutionnel/climate-and-development-investing-in-knowledge-to-support-effective-decisions <p> How can funding be mobilized for work on climate and development in an effective, relevant way? According to the participants in a seminar on &quot;Research and innovation: cooperation for finance mobilization&quot; held on 11 December alongside the One Planet Summit*, it is necessary to invest in knowledge. That knowledge, which is key to understanding the factors to be modified in relation to cyurrent development models, in both North and South, should contribute to a new form of prosperity that is resilient, low-carbon and fairer. The seminar was organized by IDDRI, under the auspices of the French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation and with the support and commitment of CIRAD, the IRD and the <em>Fondation pour les études et recherches sur le développement international</em> (FERDI). </p> Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:21:17 +0100 Eighteen institutions have signed up to the Tropical managed Forests Observatory http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/institutionnel/eighteen-institutions-have-signed-up-to-the-tropical-managed-forests-observatory-tmfo http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/institutionnel/eighteen-institutions-have-signed-up-to-the-tropical-managed-forests-observatory-tmfo <p> The Tropical managed Forests Observatory was recently formalized by a collaboration agreement signed by 18 institutions, including CIRAD. The confirmation of this unique network will enable it to continue monitoring the world's logged tropical forests and drafting recommendations for sustainable silviculture. This is a crucial challenge in the light of biodiversity erosion and climate change. </p> Mon, 11 Dec 2017 17:37:04 +0100 Bonn Challenge | CIRAD is committed to restoring forest landscapes http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/bonn-challenge-restoring-forest-landscapes http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/bonn-challenge-restoring-forest-landscapes <p> CIRAD is now a technical partner in three forest restoration initiatives covered by the Bonn Challenge. This target, which is vitally important in alleviating poverty and mitigating climate change, is a unique opportunity for CIRAD to put its multi-disciplinary expertise and field experience to good use. </p> Mon, 04 Dec 2017 15:21:47 +0100 Geographical Indications: what are the State's roles? http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/gis-what-are-the-state-s-roles http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/gis-what-are-the-state-s-roles <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Geographical indications (GIs) or appellations of origin, and their protection, are now seen as a major social, territorial and ecological development tool. As such, they are at the heart of international trade issues, and are particularly hotly debated. The prestigious journal <em>World Development</em> this autumn devoted a special section to GIs. It was coordinated and edited by two CIRAD researchers, and presents the results of more than 15 year's work by CIRAD and its partners on the issues surrounding the protection and governance of GIs in southern countries, in a context of debates between the Old and the New World.</strong> </p> Mon, 27 Nov 2017 17:40:57 +0100 CIRAD at the Abidjan Agricultural Show http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/cirad-a-major-player-at-the-abidjan-agricultural-show http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/cirad-a-major-player-at-the-abidjan-agricultural-show <p> The Salon international de l’agriculture et des ressources animales (SARA) in Ivory Coast was held from 17 to 26 November in Abidjan. Signing contracts, meeting partners and key institutional representatives, and so on, and so on... CIRAD was busy sealing partnerships with research, development and higher education establishments in Ivory Coast. </p> Mon, 27 Nov 2017 13:10:43 +0100 Reducing pesticide use | Insect nets have won over Kenyan smallholders http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/reducing-pesticide-use-insect-nets-have-won-over-kenyan-smallholders http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/reducing-pesticide-use-insect-nets-have-won-over-kenyan-smallholders <p> The BioNetAgro project proved that insect nets considerably reduced pesticide use in the market gardens of sub-Saharan Africa. A second stage, BioNetAgro 2, concentrated on improving and transferring the innovation. </p> Tue, 21 Nov 2017 12:04:36 +0100 Latin America | What public policies could favour agro-ecology? http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/latin-america-what-public-policies-could-favour-agro-ecology http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/latin-america-what-public-policies-could-favour-agro-ecology <p> A comparative analysis of public policies in favour of agro-ecology in Latin America showed that despite the increasing popularity of this approach, it remains very marginal in terms of production, marketing and public support. For the authors, agro-ecology calls for flexible measures drafted on a territory scale, and the constitution of large-scale coalitions in favour of healthy, environmentally friendly food supplies. </p> Mon, 20 Nov 2017 17:19:58 +0100 A first atlas on rural migration in sub-Saharan Africa http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/a-first-atlas-on-rural-migration-in-sub-saharan-africa http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/a-first-atlas-on-rural-migration-in-sub-saharan-africa <p> A first atlas to offer a better understanding of complex rural migration patterns in sub-Saharan Africa has been published today. The atlas <em>– </em> <em> <a href="http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7951e.pdf" target="_self">Rural Africa in motion. Dynamics and drivers of migration south of the Sahara</a> – </em> also highlights the important role rural areas will continue to play in shaping the continent’s migration for decades to come. </p> Mon, 20 Nov 2017 14:33:23 +0100 Stéphane Saj: "Climate-smart agriculture should take greater account of agro-ecology know-how" http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/questions-a/stephane-saj-climate-smart-agriculture-and-agro-ecology http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/questions-a/stephane-saj-climate-smart-agriculture-and-agro-ecology <p> A recent publication highlighted the marked imbalance between the three objectives of climate-smart agriculture. Much more thought is given to adapting to climate change than to mitigating it or to food security. This observation, compounded by growing criticism, prompted the authors to suggest reframing the concept, and rensuring greater reciprocity with agro-ecology. A meeting with Stéphane Saj, an agronomist and ecologist with CIRAD, the lead author of the publication. </p> Fri, 17 Nov 2017 16:43:23 +0100 COP 23 | CIRAD shines the spotlight on carbon storage in soils http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/cop-23-cirad-s-participation http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/cop-23-cirad-s-participation <p> The 23rd Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change (COP23), &quot;Further, Faster Ambition Together&quot;, organized by Fiji, is being held in Bonn, Germany, from 6 to 17 November 2017. Alongside its partners, CIRAD is involved in several meetings, notably relating to the 4 per 1000 initiative on soil carbon storage. Pending the adoption of the rules for enforcement of the Paris Agreement in Poland next year, COP23 is already aiming to make actions speak louder than words. Agriculture and land use changes account for 24% of annual greenhouse gas emissions, and should therefore be seen as one of the potential solutions to climate change, a fact that is too often overlooked. </p> Wed, 08 Nov 2017 15:15:37 +0100 In sub-Saharan Africa, food consumption is changing radically http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/sub-saharan-africa-food-consumption-is-changing-radically http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/sub-saharan-africa-food-consumption-is-changing-radically <p> A vast study of household consumption in Africa has put paid to a few preconceived ideas. The study, which was the most wide-ranging ever, demonstrated the changes in food systems in recent decades. Local agriculture is conquering the domestic economy, with a dominant role in supplying both urban and rural inhabitants. Local diets are now more diversified, and energy intake issues are much less pressing than they used to be. </p> Tue, 24 Oct 2017 10:28:37 +0200 Tunisia | A tripartite cooperation agreement has been signed with the government http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/institutionnel/tunisia-a-tripartite-cooperation-agreement-has-been-signed-with-the-government http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/institutionnel/tunisia-a-tripartite-cooperation-agreement-has-been-signed-with-the-government <p> CIRAD signed a tripartite cooperation agreement with Tunisia on 18 October. The agreement, which was also signed by the Tunisian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MESRS) and the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), is intended to drive research and innovation in agriculture and the agrifood industry in Tunisia. </p> Fri, 20 Oct 2017 17:07:05 +0200 A debate on the Sustainable Development Goals http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/a-debate-on-the-sustainable-development-goals http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/a-debate-on-the-sustainable-development-goals <p> A critical analysis of each of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), their interactions and the contradictions they also bring. The SDGs form a global action framework that was adopted by all the UN member countries in September 2015, concern countries in both the northern and southern hemispheres, and encompass economic aspects, social development and conservation. This book, which targets a wide audience, sheds light on the main challenges of the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. </p> Thu, 19 Oct 2017 10:21:54 +0200 Atlas of the traditional milk sector around greater Cairo in Egypt http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/atlas-of-the-traditional-milk-sector-around-greater-cairo-in-egypt http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/atlas-of-the-traditional-milk-sector-around-greater-cairo-in-egypt <p> This atlas bears witness to the dynamics, strengths and weaknesses of the traditional dairy sector in Egypt. It is one of the products of the dairy research project on &quot;Understanding the traditional functioning of the milk supply chain in El Cairo City, Egypt&quot;. The dairy sector in Egypt has been identified as a priority for agricultural research and development in the new Agricultural Strategic Plan for Egypt in 2030. </p> Fri, 13 Oct 2017 14:58:18 +0200 A new initiative seeks to curb unsustainable wildlife hunting, conserve biodiversity and improve food security http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/curbing-unsustainable-wildlife-hunting-conserving-biodiversity-and-improving-food-security http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/curbing-unsustainable-wildlife-hunting-conserving-biodiversity-and-improving-food-security <p> New €45 million initiative seeks to curb unsustainable wildlife hunting, conserve biodiversity and improve food security. European Commission-funded, FAO-led partnership will help African, Caribbean and Pacific countries shift from wildmeat to alternative sources of animal protein </p> Fri, 13 Oct 2017 14:33:27 +0200 The fight against antimicrobial resistance: the One Health approach is vital http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/the-fight-against-antimicrobial-resistance-the-one-health-approach-is-vital http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/the-fight-against-antimicrobial-resistance-the-one-health-approach-is-vital <p> <strong>The emergence of antibiotic-resistant microbial strains risks severely limiting yields in animal production chains in the coming decades, exacerbating the existing poverty in numerous countries. Experts from CIRAD and their partners analysed the policies implemented in Southeast Asia and identified a series of actions required to fight effectively against antimicrobial resistance, in line with the One Health approach. Their conclusions have been published in the prestigious journal BMJ.</strong> </p> <p> </p> Fri, 06 Oct 2017 14:17:04 +0200 Central Africa: integrating wildlife into food system management http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/central-africa-integrating-wildlife-into-food-system-management http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/central-africa-integrating-wildlife-into-food-system-management <p> Hunting has traditionally been a vital source of food and income for many rural families in central Africa. However, growing population pressure and demand for meat from secondary towns and cities have resulted in increased, unsustainable hunting of wild animals. A project on sustainable management of the fauna and wildmeat sector in central Africa conducted in response to this threat to conservation and biodiversity, food security and local means of subsistence served to lay the foundations of participatory management of hunting by villagers. The project, which was led by the FAO and involved CIRAD, ran for five years and was recently completed. </p> Wed, 04 Oct 2017 15:06:09 +0200 Communautés locales et utilisation de la faune sauvage en Afrique centrale http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/communautes-locales-et-utilisation-de-la-faune-sauvage-en-afrique-centrale http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/communautes-locales-et-utilisation-de-la-faune-sauvage-en-afrique-centrale <p> The book <em><strong>Communautés locales et utilisation de la faune en Afrique centrale,</strong> </em> published by the FAO, CIRAD and CIFOR, relates and promotes the lessons learnt from a project on sustainable management of the fauna and the wildmeat sector in central Africa. The project ran from 2012 to 2017, in Gabon, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo, and included pilot tests of participatory management of the local fauna and hunting. </p> Wed, 04 Oct 2017 15:05:17 +0200 Fête de la science 2017 | Entrez dans l’intimité des bois tropicaux http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/fete-de-la-science-2017-entrez-dans-l-intimite-des-bois-tropicaux http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/fete-de-la-science-2017-entrez-dans-l-intimite-des-bois-tropicaux <p> A l’occasion de la Fête de la science 2017 organisée à Montpellier, découvrez les secrets des bois tropicaux, testez leurs différentes caractéristiques (odeur, couleur, densité, résistance) et observez l’un de ses principaux ravageurs. Les 7 et 8 octobre au Village des sciences et les 11 et 12 octobre au Cirad. </p> Sat, 23 Sep 2017 08:20:57 +0200 China is under threat from African swine fever http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/china-is-under-threat-from-african-swine-fever http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/china-is-under-threat-from-african-swine-fever <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Hundreds of millions of pigs in China could soon come up against the terrible disease African swine fever (ASF). In an attempt to avert such a catastrophe, or at least limit its impact, researchers from CIRAD, the RVC (UK) and the FAO, and their partners in China, have studied the factors behind the emergence of ASF and the probable ways in which it spreads. The conclusion is that the only possible solution is an integrated approach, involving each and every stakeholder in the supply chain.</strong> </p> Tue, 19 Sep 2017 16:45:22 +0200