CIRAD - Actualités / News eng-GB Aurélie Botta : « La perturbation d’un socio-écosystème peut être une opportunité majeure de changement » <p> Comment, dans son environnement, une société appréhende des perturbations et y réagit ? Pour répondre à cette question de plus en plus préoccupante dans un contexte de changements globaux, une communauté de différents spécialistes s’est constituée depuis quelques dizaines d’années. Ils seront réunis à Montpellier du 4 au 8 mai prochains dans le cadre du colloque Resilience 2014. Entretien avec Aurélie Botta, écologue au Cirad et coordinatrice scientifique de l’événement avec François Bousquet. </p> Thu, 24 Apr 2014 16:06:31 +0200 Résilience et environnement - Penser les changements socio-écologiques <p> At a time when our planet is undergoing major change, it is vital that we understand the changes in our environment better and live in a more resilient way. This book presents the conceptual framework of socio-ecological resilience as developed by an international team of researchers over the past four decades. </p> Thu, 24 Apr 2014 12:43:56 +0200 Les transformations dans le système de la coopération pour le développement <p> An issue of the journal <em>Mondes en développement</em> coordinated by J.-J. Gabas, D. Pesche, V. Ribier and B. Campbell. </p> Wed, 23 Apr 2014 17:39:05 +0200 Resilience 2014: "Adaptation, transformation and development" - 4 to 8 May 2014 in Montpellier <p> This is an international conference devoted to dialogue between the academic world and the world of development, between scientists and practitioners, and between Science and the Arts, and is being organized by the French hub of the Resilience Alliance network: CIRAD, the CNRS, IRSTEA and INRA, and their partners on the Agropolis International campus in Montpellier. </p> Tue, 22 Apr 2014 12:01:00 +0200 Fruits Vol. 69 No. 2 <p> A new issue of the journal <em>Fruits</em> , published by EDP Sciences and CIRAD. </p> Fri, 18 Apr 2014 15:36:21 +0200 Plantez Couvert ! 2!-2!-2 <p> A documentary on agro-ecology and more specifically on direct seeding, mulch-based cropping (DMC). After part 1, filmed in Laos, this film compares the constraints on the adoption of DMC in Madagascar, Cameroon and Cambodia. </p> Fri, 18 Apr 2014 13:25:19 +0200 Bois et forêts des tropiques No. 318 <p> A new issue of the journal <em>Bois et Forêts des Tropiques,</em> published by CIRAD, on propagation, diversity, cloud forests, biological corridors and soil microorganisms. </p> Tue, 15 Apr 2014 17:38:39 +0200 Milk, vector of development <p> </p> <p> Under the aegis of Agreenium, INRA, in collaboration with CIRAD and Agrocampus Ouest, is organizing the first international meeting on &quot;Milk, factor of development&quot; - Rennes (France), 21-23 May 2014. </p> Tue, 15 Apr 2014 10:43:43 +0200 Shea butter in Burkina Faso: better incomes thanks to alternative energy sources <p class="MsoNormal"> In Burkina Faso, shea butter is produced by women using a traditional process that is both labour- and energy-intensive. Researchers from CIRAD recently showed that introducing new practices considerably improved the economic performance of the activity. Using shea nut shells, and churning sludge plus small quantities of butane as fuel rather than wood enables producers to boost their incomes considerably, while reducing the environmental impact of their activity. Using these alternative energy sources almost doubles the profit made per kilo of shea butter produced. On an environmental level, almost 900 hectares of forest could be spared in eastern Burkina Faso. </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Mon, 14 Apr 2014 17:36:22 +0200 Cultivating Biodiversity to Transform Agriculture <p> How can cultivated plant biodiversity contribute to the transformation and the &quot;ecologization&quot; of agriculture in southern countries? This collective work by CIRAD presents the substantial scientific progress made during extensive field work in southern countries, in all the areas affecting agriculture (agronomy, plant breeding, crop protection, cropping systems, innovation and ownership of the living world, etc) in order to intensify the ecological processes in cultivated plots and on the scale of rural landscapes. This book is the first in a series of annual collective works on key research topics at CIRAD. </p> Fri, 11 Apr 2014 16:07:13 +0200 GlobalGap certification: a limited impact on the lychee supply chain in Madagascar <p class="MsoNormal"> Although obtaining certification is both difficult and costly, it looks like a good opportunity for smallholders. Is this really the case? GlobalGap, one of the most commonly used private agrifood labels worldwide, was introduced in the Madagascan lychee supply chain in the mid-2000s. After an enthusiastic reception to begin with, it fell out of favour, and by 2009, only a hundred or so producers were still certified. A survey by a team from CIRAD and INRA has shown that while certification has a positive impact on the producers who are certified, it has a very limited effect on the supply chain as a whole. </p> Wed, 09 Apr 2014 17:28:27 +0200 Marseilles is home to the "Valorisation Sud" consortium HQ <p> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> CIRAD, the Institut Pasteur and the IRD inaugurated the HQ of the &quot;Valorisation Sud&quot; thematic promotion consortium (CVT) in Mareseilles on 9 April 2014, in the presence of Louis Gallois, <em>Commissaire général à l’Investissement</em> and head of the <em>Investissements d’avenir</em> programme. </p> Wed, 09 Apr 2014 15:55:00 +0200 Lawrence Busch: "We have to change the market self and think more in terms of a plural world" <p> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>&quot;L’évolution de notre métier dans la recherche et l’enseignement supérieur : étude des transformations dans un monde néolibéral. Que répondre face aux crises ?&quot; </strong> This is the title of a talk by Lawrence Busch, Professor of Sociology at Michigan State University and &quot;indignant sociologist&quot;, scheduled from <strong>2 to 4 pm on Wednesday 16 April, at CIRAD's Montpellier centre </strong> <strong>(Jacques Alliot amphitheatre). </strong> Entrance free. </p> Mon, 07 Apr 2014 10:42:02 +0200 L’agriculture de conservation pour l’intensification écologique : principes et contraintes à l’adoption dans les pays du Sud <p> VIDEO. A teaching tool on the principles of conservation agriculture and the constraints on the adoption of agro-ecological practices in southern countries. The tool was produced by CIRAD and is available on the Environment and Sustainable Development Virtual University (UVED) website. </p> Fri, 04 Apr 2014 14:45:01 +0200 Guayule latex: a new step towards bio-refining <p> Within the next decade, guayule, a shrub that originated in Mexico, could replace <em>Hevea</em> with a view to satisfying the growing global demand for natural rubber. This could enable natural rubber production in the Mediterranean. In the meantime, research has to come up with a cost-effective extraction process. CIRAD researchers involved in the EU-Pearls project recently took a new step towards industrialization, by developing a rapid, precise guayule biomass analysis technique, based on near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). By supplying the chemical composition of a biomass sample, this technique, which has now been calibrated for guayule, helps in the selection of plants suited to both the climate and the range of soils in the Mediterranean. It also serves to determine the best time to harvest and to measure yields per hectare. The next step is to use mobile apparatus to record data directly in the field and supply crucial information such as production potential in real time, for both farmers and rubber factories. </p> Tue, 01 Apr 2014 16:21:07 +0200 The genome of a palm trypanosomatid has just been sequenced <p> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> Collaboration on an ANR project between the CEA Génoscope team led by Patrick Wincker, that led by Michel Dollet at CIRAD, and European and American laboratories recently enabled the sequencing of the genomes of a trypanosomatid (parasite) that causes sudden wilt of coconut and oil palms in Latin America and the southern Caribbean, and of a non-pathogenic euphorbia trypanosomatid found in southern France. An article was published in the journal PLOS Genetics in February 2014. </p> Tue, 01 Apr 2014 13:57:50 +0200 Emerging diseases: Europe and China are coordinating their research operations <p> China is currently the world's leading producer and consumer of animal products. This situation raises issues as regards the surveillance and control of any animal and zoonotic diseases, such as avian influenza or African swine fever, that may emerge in the country. This recently prompted Europe and China to launch LinkTADs, a research consortium within which CIRAD is coordinating the component devoted to epidemiology. </p> Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:20:59 +0100 Co-publications: CIRAD is the CGIAR's leading French partner <p> A recent bibliometric study placed CIRAD in pole position among the French partners with which the CGIAR co-publishes. The study, conducted by Agreenium and INRA, concerned CGIAR scientific publications, including those written with French research organizations in the agro-science field. </p> Wed, 26 Mar 2014 16:18:59 +0100 Chinese agricultural cooperation in sub-Saharan Africa. Challenging preconceptions <p> A major provider of agricultural aid in sub-Saharan Africa and grabber of millions of hectares of farmland… China's presence in sub-Saharan Africa is surrounded by preconceptions. However, according to two economists, Jean-Jacques Gabas from CIRAD and Xiaoyang Tang from Tsinghua University in Beijing, these ideas should be qualified, if not rectified. This latest issue of <em>Perspective</em> presents their analysis of Chinese agricultural cooperation in sub-Saharan Africa. </p> <p> </p> Mon, 24 Mar 2014 10:59:20 +0100 Fruits, Vol. 69, No 1 <p> A new issue of the journal <em>Fruits,</em> published by EDP Sciences and CIRAD. </p> Fri, 21 Mar 2014 11:04:21 +0100