CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Montpellier | The Maison de la télédétection doubles its floorspace <p> The Maison de la télédétection (MTD - Remote Sensing Centre), in Montpellier, officially opened its new facility on Monday 10 October 2016. With double the previous floorspace and new calculation and image reception facilities, the MTD will be working to boost research in the fields of the environment, agriculture and land use planning in France and in southern countries. </p> Mon, 17 Oct 2016 12:05:58 +0200 Etienne Hainzelin: "The urgency and complexity of the issue of food security call for a new perspective, at the interface between the sectprs concerned" <p> To mark World Food Day, Etienne Hainzelin, CIRAD Co-leader of GloFoods, presents the main trends highlighted by this French metaprogramme on food security. The programme encompasses 27 research projects and involves a hundred or so scientists from CIRAD and INRA and many other partners. </p> Sat, 15 Oct 2016 19:32:11 +0200 Could sewage farm sludge be used to fertilize sugarcane plantations in Réunion? <p> CIRAD, in partnership with Veolia, has for three years been monitoring the agro-environmental impacts of using lime-treated, dried sludge from the Grand Prado sewage farm in Réunion (Sainte-Marie) as a fertilizer. This wide-ranging trial, which is unique in the french overseas regions, is planned to run for 20 years. The first results suggest that treated sludge may be suitable for the soils and sugarcane plantations of Réunion. </p> Fri, 14 Oct 2016 14:52:35 +0200 Biodiversity losses reduce forest productivity <p> Writing in the journal Science, an international team of researchers from some 90 institutions, including CIRAD, has shown that diversity losses within the world’s forests reduces their productivity. As a result, their capacity to capture carbon, hence to mitigate climate change, is also reduced. Furthermore, the team’s results put the economic value of that biodiversity at between 166 and 490 billion dollars per year. </p> Fri, 14 Oct 2016 12:21:29 +0200 Landmatrix II - 26.7 Million Hectares of Land in Investors’ Hands <p> <strong><strong>New report by the Land Matrix initiative takes stock of situation</strong> . </strong> </p> <p> </p> Tue, 11 Oct 2016 18:41:16 +0200 ProMusa-ISHS 2016: agro-ecological approaches to promote innovative banana production systems <p> The X International Symposium on Banana, ProMusa-ISHS 2016, is being held in Montpellier from 10 to 14 October. The event, co-organized by CIRAD, Bioversity International's ProMusa group and the International Society for Horticultural Science, has attracted more than a hundred experts to discuss the ways of reconciling agro-ecology and banana production. </p> Mon, 10 Oct 2016 17:13:40 +0200 Brazil | Pigeon pea provides a cost-effective soil cover for farmers in the Cerrado <p> Conservation agriculture is seen as an effective way of combining ecological sustainability and economic viability while maintaining or even increasing agricultural productivity. However, for small-scale farmers in the South, it is often difficult to implement, since during the transitional phase, it calls for financial means that they do not have. Under these conditions, how can they adopt such systems and what types of soil cover may be economically worthwhile for them? </p> <p> Researchers from CIRAD and their Brazilian counterparts have designed a simulation model to answer these questions in the case of the mixed family crop-livestock farms of the Cerrado in Brazil. The Cerrado is a region of Brazil comprising savannahs with particularly dense vegetation, which are very rich in terms of biodiversity. The farms in the region, which are most family-run, are concentrated on a small area. The model served to understand overall farm functioning and simulate changes in crop and livestock production systems. </p> <p> In particular, it showed that a system on a pigeon pea cover crop was economically worthwhile for all the types of farms and of livestock production (dairy- or meat-oriented). This result can primarily be put down to the high protein value of pigeon pea when used as fodder. Not forgetting the other benefits of any type of mulch-based system: provision of biomass, soil protection against erosion, weed control, improved mineral and water balances. </p> Mon, 10 Oct 2016 15:27:06 +0200 Fête de la science 2016 | From cocoa to chocolate, solve the mystery of aromas <p> CIRAD will be celebrating science on 15 October in Montpellier, at the Fête de la Science. Members of the public will be able to meet researchers and hear about their work. This year's topic is the secrets of aromas, from cocoa to chocolate. </p> Fri, 30 Sep 2016 11:26:42 +0200 An atlas, "A New Emerging Rural World in Africa", deciphers rural changes in Africa <p> The second edition of the atlas <em>A New Emerging Rural World in Africa </em> is just out. The atlas was widely praised by the participants in the 2nd Africa Rural Development Forum organized by NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa's Development) in Yaoundé, Cameroon, from 8 to 10 September 2016, and is an accessible, indispensable tool for understanding the rural changes under way in Africa. </p> Mon, 26 Sep 2016 15:56:53 +0200 ISRFG 2016 Symposium: preparing the rice growing of the future <p> CIRAD and the IRD are co-organizers of the 14th International Symposium on Rice Functional Genomics, to be held in Montpellier. From 26 to 29 September, more than 330 experts from 38 countries will be presenting their latest discoveries and taking stock of future challenges: with climate change threatening yields, how can we produce more while preserving both resources and the environment? </p> Wed, 21 Sep 2016 15:42:09 +0200 MOOC: "The basics of the epidemiology of animal diseases" <p> The first MOOC in &quot;The basics of the epidemiology of animal diseases&quot;, produced by CIRAD, starts on 10 October. It is open to all, but is particularly intended for students and professionals working in animal health and livestock production. A partnership with several veterinary colleges in the South will ensure dual certification for students. Registration on the France Université Numérique (FUN) Platform until 2 December 2016. An English version of the MOOC is planned for 2017. </p> Tue, 20 Sep 2016 10:06:01 +0200 Les services écosystémiques | Repenser les relations nature et société <p> Over the last ten years, the concept of &quot;ecosystem services&quot; has become an essential part of our vocabulary when talking about biodiversity. This book discusses the origins, causes and consequences of this notion; it delves into the origin and dissemination of the concept, its spread to different areas around the nation and its actual or potential implementation through instruments or policies. </p> Fri, 16 Sep 2016 11:36:47 +0200 Infectious animal diseases: a centre of excellence in the Caribbean <p> VIDEO. The European Epigenesis project was completed on 1 September. Through the new skills and equipment acquired over three years, it has supported the emergence in Guadeloupe of the Caribbean Centre for Research and Surveillance of Animal and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases. Find out more about the centre in this video. </p> Mon, 12 Sep 2016 15:58:14 +0200 Fruits Vol. 71, No. 4 <p> A new issue of the journal Fruits, published by EDP Sciences and CIRAD. </p> Fri, 02 Sep 2016 10:27:16 +0200 Mali: live poultry trade in Mali and emerging diseases <p> In Mali, live poultry markets are supplied by a multitude of small village farms. Their poor hygiene standards and animal overcrowding are highly conducive to the transmission of diseases such as Newcastle disease and avian influenza. How can the risks be limited? Based on a vast survey of markets in the country, researchers from CIRAD and their Malian partners have proposed simple, inexpensive measures to remedy this situation. Such as: not mixing different poultry species; not allowing poultry to wander freely on markets; isolating diseased or dead birds; and making visual inspections of the state of poultry on arrival at the market and refusing any diseased birds. The local authorities could also contribute to these efforts by providing water, electricity and disinfection equipment for the daily cleaning of cages and stands. </p> Tue, 30 Aug 2016 15:50:39 +0200 Wikwio, a collaborative web platform on tropical weed flora <p> CIRAD has developed a new collaborative tool for plant identification and knowledge sharing: Wikwio. This platform focuses on weed flora, in other words volunteer plants that compete with crops. The tool is aimed at helping farmers to improve their knowledge of these weeds in order to better manage them and to prevent yield losses. More than 400 weed species from the South-West Indian Ocean and Southern Africa are currently listed. </p> Tue, 30 Aug 2016 15:17:54 +0200 Mark Trotman: "CaribVET, a model of interaction between science and policy making" <p> <strong>VIDEO.</strong> Mark Trotman, Senior Veterinary Officer in Barbados, explains how the Caribbean animal health network, CaribVET, is structured and how the way it operates makes it a model of interaction between science and policy making in the veterinary field in the Caribbean. He details how the European Epigenesis project worked for three years to build health research and monitoring capacity within the network, via a partnership with CIRAD, the coordinator of the project, which has just come to an end. </p> Mon, 08 Aug 2016 15:41:12 +0200 Lost Worlds in Greenland: icearctic environment, migrating birds and avian influenza <p> A researcher from CIRAD is currently participating in an expedition to the Renland Peninsula, a little-known part of Greenland. The mission set out to collect scientific data on the impact of climate change. CIRAD's Nicolas Gaidet is looking into the role of the Arctic as an avian influenza virus storage and spread zone, and also at the impact of melting ice on arctic birds. </p> Mon, 08 Aug 2016 13:55:00 +0200 West Africa: innovative practices for restoring soil fertility and capturing carbon <p class="MsoNormal"> During a trip to West Africa by the French Minister of Agriculture, Stéphane Le Foll, CIRAD presented farming practices developed with its partners in Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast and Senegal. The practices are intended to boost soil fertility and carbon capture capacity, while contributing to the food security of local people. Some make use of traditional local know-how… </p> Wed, 03 Aug 2016 14:35:38 +0200 La prévention, seule arme efficace contre les méga-incendies en Indonésie <p> Régulièrement touché par d'immenses feux d’origine humaine et naturelle, l’archipel indonésien doit attaquer cette menace grandissante sur de multiples fronts en privilégiant la prévention. </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 15:18:12 +0200