CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = http://www.cirad.fr - Langue = eng-GB http://www.cirad.fr/en/rss/cirad-actualites-news eng-GB Financer la biodiversité pour mieux la conserver http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/financer-la-biodiversite-pour-mieux-la-conserver http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/financer-la-biodiversite-pour-mieux-la-conserver <p> Alors que de nouveaux mécanismes financiers de préservation de la biodiversité voient le jour, l’Union européenne a mandaté le Cirad pour mener un travail d’expertise sur ces instruments innovants au Mexique et en Europe. Résultat : trois rapports qui défrichent le terrain pour approfondir leur étude en vue de renforcer leur mise en œuvre bilatéralement. </p> Tue, 20 Jun 2017 16:37:13 +0200 Managing degraded forests, a new priority in the Brazilian Amazon http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/perspective-no.-40-managing-degraded-forests http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/perspective-no.-40-managing-degraded-forests <p> By taking drastic steps, Brazil has succeeded in reducing the annual deforestation rate for Amazonia from 27 770 km2 in 2005 to 5 830 km2 in 2015. However, those steps have not had any effect on forest degradation, notably the partial destruction of the canopy. In the Brazilian Amazon, degraded forests dominate the landscape along pioneer fronts. The region now faces a major challenge: stopping degradation and managing its forests sustainably. In this issue of <em>Perspective, </em> researchers highlight four priorities for research: developing degraded forest characterization and monitoring methods, drafting specific management plans, understanding the role played by all social players, and supporting policies on a territorial level.<br />Nowadays, degraded forests are a forest category in their own right. They could play a major role in mitigating climate change. They could also contribute to better ecological functioning on a territorial level. Drafting policies with the dual aim of reducing degradation and optimizing these forests requires strong support from research. </p> <p> </p> Fri, 16 Jun 2017 17:58:32 +0200 An organic solution to greenhouse whiteflies on tomato in Réunion http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/biological-control-of-greenhouse-whiteflies-on-tomato-in-reunion http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/biological-control-of-greenhouse-whiteflies-on-tomato-in-reunion <p> A biological control solution against a tomato pest, developed in Réunion by Armeflhor, the La Coccinelle biofactory and CIRAD, was given a special mention at the Trophées ITA'innov* ceremony in Paris on 1 June. It was CIRAD President Managing Director Michel Eddi, a member of the jury for the event, organized by ACTA, who presented the prize to Armeflhor, a technical institute based in Réunion. </p> Tue, 13 Jun 2017 16:26:24 +0200 World Agriculture Watch is firmly installed at the FAO http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/institutionnel/world-agriculture-watch-is-firmly-installed-at-the-fao http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/institutionnel/world-agriculture-watch-is-firmly-installed-at-the-fao <p> It has been a long time coming, but the World Agriculture Watch (WAW) initiative thought up by CIRAD almost ten years ago is now firmly installed at the FAO, supporting application of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) adopted by the international community. </p> Fri, 02 Jun 2017 11:22:59 +0200 See CIRAD at European Development Days 2017 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/cirad-at-european-development-days-2017 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/cirad-at-european-development-days-2017 <p> On 7 and 8 June, CIRAD will be taking part in European Development Days in Brussels. Come and chat with the experts and make your contribution to the debate on the issues surrounding sustainable development in agricullture through three interactive sessions on partnerships, territorial development and the 4P1000 initiative, a stand and an exhibition. </p> Tue, 23 May 2017 10:32:35 +0200 Antimicrobials in agriculture: reducing their use while limiting health and socioeconomic risks in the countries of the South http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/perspective-no.-39-antimicrobials-in-agriculture-f.-roger-c.-ducrot http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/perspective-no.-39-antimicrobials-in-agriculture-f.-roger-c.-ducrot <p> While there are numerous measures restricting the use of antimicrobials on livestock farms in industrialized countries, this is not the case in southern countries. On the contrary, their use has been boosted by the growing demand for animal protein and the boom in intensive livestock farming. This has led to a serious problem: antimicrobial resistance. This new issue of <em>Perspective</em> deciphers the complexity and impacts of the phenomenon. It suggests lines of research aimed at reducing or rationalizing antimicrobial use, in the interests of people in the most vulnerable regions. </p> Fri, 19 May 2017 17:03:21 +0200 Baobabs, those enigmatic giants http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/fascination-of-plants-day-2017-baobabs http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/fascination-of-plants-day-2017-baobabs <p> To mark Fascination of Plants Day, CIRAD invites you on a trip into the mysterious world of baobabs. These fascinating giants of Madagascar make up a biological heritage not found anywhere else in the world. Discover their secrets and their unexpected uses, along with the threats they face. </p> Wed, 17 May 2017 16:59:06 +0200 Pascal Danthu: "Baobabs are magnificent trees. You can never be indifferent to them" http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/questions-a/pascal-danthu-baobabs http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/questions-a/pascal-danthu-baobabs <p> For more than twenty years now, baobabs have been a passion for Pascal Danthu, an ecologist with CIRAD. Over the past ten years, he has been working with colleagues from Madagascar on research projects aimed at filling in the gaps in our scientific knowledge of this mysterious tree, of which six of the nine recorded species are endemic to Madagascar. Discover that passion through a portrait produced to mark <a href="http://www.plantday.org/france.htm" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">Fascination of Plants Day 2017</a>. </p> Wed, 17 May 2017 16:41:34 +0200 Construire des politiques alimentaires urbaines http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/construire-des-politiques-alimentaires-urbaines http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/construire-des-politiques-alimentaires-urbaines <p> The book <em>Construire des politiques alimentaires urbaines</em> describes the existing conceptual frameworks for analyses of urban food policies, at the crossroads between the concepts of food systems and sustainable urban areas. It serves as a basis for identifying research topics, in relation with initiatives taken by urban local governments in North and South. </p> Tue, 16 May 2017 17:48:19 +0200 Pl@ntNet is expanding to cover North America http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/plantnet-has-expanded http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/plantnet-has-expanded <p> Pl@ntNet now covers the flora of North America, the tropical Andes and the eastern Mediterranean, in addition to Western Europe and North Africa. The plant recognition app also works for French Guiana and various tropical islands in the Pacific (Hawaii), the Caribbean (Guadeloupe) and the Indian Ocean (Réunion, Mauritius). Users in those régions can now recognize several thousand wild plant species, while supplementing the system with their own photos. </p> Mon, 15 May 2017 11:31:52 +0200 Agro-ecology | Public policy under scrutiny from research http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/agro-ecology-public-policy-under-scrutiny-from-research http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/agro-ecology-public-policy-under-scrutiny-from-research <p> An analysis by the &quot;Public Policy and Rural Development in Latin America&quot; Platform in Partnership for Research and Training identified three types of pathways that lead to the adoption of public policies in favour of agro-ecology. This is of particular interest for civil society organizations and decision-makers. The results are due to be covered by a book to be published in 2017. They will also give rise to an international symposium in October and the launch of a more in-depth research project. </p> Fri, 05 May 2017 20:23:16 +0200 Insectes et acariens des cultures maraîchères en milieu tropical humide http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/insectes-et-acariens-des-cultures-maraicheres http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/insectes-et-acariens-des-cultures-maraicheres <p> Insects and spider mites do significant damage to vegetable crops in all tropical regions around the world. Today, agro-ecological crop protection methods such as biological control are recommended. This work, a veritable handbook, features 22 factsheets describing the major groups of arthropods: pests and natural enemies (predators and parasitoids). The bio-ecology of these groups and the means at our disposal to control pests are detailed along with many photographs. </p> Wed, 26 Apr 2017 16:34:31 +0200 CIRAD supports the March for Science http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/cirad-supports-the-march-for-science http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/cirad-supports-the-march-for-science <p> Along with the National Research Alliance for the Environment, AllEnvi, of which it is a founding member, CIRAD is supporting the March for Science to be held worldwide on 22 April. </p> Fri, 14 Apr 2017 15:26:38 +0200 Agricultural research and training: the AUF and CIRAD renew their partnership http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/auf-cirad-partnership-renewed http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/auf-cirad-partnership-renewed <p> CIRAD and the Agence universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF) signed a general partnership agreement this friday 14 April, with a view to strengthening scientific partnerships within the French-speaking world in the fields of agricultural training and research. </p> Fri, 14 Apr 2017 11:30:24 +0200 Rural territories, a prime site for change http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/a-look-back-at-a-conference-on-living-rural-territories http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/a-look-back-at-a-conference-on-living-rural-territories <p> Territories are secure places in which stakeholders are rediscovering their power, places for dialogue and social cohesion, and places for innovative economic partnerships, and bear witness to the resurgence of the local level in an increasingly fragmented world. These were the key messages put across at a conference, <em>Des territoires ruraux vivants pour transformer le monde,</em> organized by CIRAD and the AFD on 27 February 2017 during the Paris International Agricultural Show. Watch interviews with four of the contributors, illustrating the novel role played by territories in sustainable development against a backdrop of globalization (videos in French). </p> Wed, 12 Apr 2017 12:35:33 +0200 BREEDCAFS, an EU research project adapting coffee varieties for agroforestry http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/breedcafs-new-coffee-varieties-for-agroforestry http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/breedcafs-new-coffee-varieties-for-agroforestry <p> Agroforestry is one way of adapting coffee production to climate change, but few varieties are suitable. BREEDCAFS, a new project led by CIRAD and funded by the EU H2020 programme, aims to diversify the range of varieties available for this more sustainable production method. Two European roasters will be involved in choosing varieties over the course of the project, which is due to begin in April. They will be put in contact with coffee growers practising agroforestry in Nicaragua, El Salvador, Vietnam and Cameroon. </p> Tue, 04 Apr 2017 14:29:28 +0200 4th World Congress on Agroforestry: Strengthening Links between Science, Society and Policy http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/4th-world-congress-on-agroforestry http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/4th-world-congress-on-agroforestry <p> Montpellier has been chosen to host the 4th World Congress on Agroforestry from 20 to 25 May 2019. Organization of the congress, which is held every five years and has never previously been held in Europe, will be led by CIRAD and INRA, in partnership with Agropolis International. More than a thousand participants from both temperate and tropical zones all over the world are expected. They will be discussing the issues surrounding agroforestry, notably the way in which research results can fuel societal debate and public decision-making. </p> Mon, 03 Apr 2017 14:28:27 +0200 Sustainable Agricultural Landscapes in Southeast Asia: A successful launch for the SALSA partnership platform in Malaysia and Indonesia http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/a-successful-launch-for-the-salsa-partnership-platform-in-malaysia-and-indonesia http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/a-successful-launch-for-the-salsa-partnership-platform-in-malaysia-and-indonesia <p> Michel Eddi, CEO of CIRAD, joined the President of the French Republic François Hollande during his State visit to Southeast Asia on March 28-30, 2017. On this occasion, he initiated with several CIRAD partners the construction of the SALSA (Sustainable Agricultural Landscapes in Southeast Asia) platform in partnership dedicated to the sustainability of perennial crop systems throughout the region. The launch of this ambitious scientific platform, in which training will be a pivotal component, was formalized by the signing of two multilateral agreements, under the patronage of the French Head of State, in the presence of the Prime Minister of the Malaysian Government and the President of the Republic of Indonesia. </p> Fri, 31 Mar 2017 10:03:15 +0200 Supporting cooperation between the EU and Africa on digital infrastructures for higher education and research http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/digital-infrastructures-boosting-cooperation-between-the-eu-and-africa http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/digital-infrastructures-boosting-cooperation-between-the-eu-and-africa <p> <strong>On 29 March 2017, Abidjan hosted the feedback meeting for the <a href="http://www.tandem-wacren.eu/" title="TANDEM (nouvelle fenêtre)" target="_blank">TANDEM</a> (<em>TransAfrican Network Development</em> ) project. The project, funded by the European Commission, set out to boost cooperation between the EU and West and Central Africa on digital infrastructures for higher education and research.</strong> </p> Wed, 29 Mar 2017 10:32:35 +0200 The CIRAD website is now mobile-friendly http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/the-cirad-website-is-now-mobile-friendly http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/the-cirad-website-is-now-mobile-friendly <p> The CIRAD website is now available in a version optimized for smartphone screens. This mobile version is easier to navigate and more comfortable to read, to facilitate access to information. This is an advantage for anyone wanting to know more about CIRAD, particularly in Africa, where for want of other infrastructures, information is primaily accessed via smartphones. </p> Wed, 22 Mar 2017 10:19:52 +0100