CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB À Madagascar, la fièvre de la Vallée du Rift suit les routes commerciales <p> La fièvre de la Vallée du Rift est une maladie virale émergente qui menace la santé publique et dont l’impact économique est considérable. Deux publications parues dans PNAS et Scientific Reports révèlent qu’à Madagascar, le commerce du bétail est le principal déclencheur des épidémies, et qu’entre deux flambées, le virus persiste dans certaines régions de l’île. Menés par des chercheurs du Cirad, de l’Institut Pasteur de Madagascar et de l’Université d’Oxford, avec leurs partenaires des services vétérinaires et de santé publique malgaches, l’OIE, la FAO et l’OMS, ces travaux permettront d’identifier les populations les plus vulnérables et d’améliorer les réseaux de surveillance humaine et animale. </p> Fri, 20 Jan 2017 14:35:14 +0100 Emmanuel Torquebiau: "COP22, a COP for action, in which agriculture can provide solutions" <p> The 22nd UN Climate Change Conference (COP 22) left in its wake a certain number of emblematic declarations and a greater role for agriculture, with two initiatives: one from Morocco (AAA, for &quot;Adaptation of African Agriculture&quot;) and another from France (4 per 1000: soils for food security and climate). Emmanuel Torquebiau, CIRAD Climate Change Officer, sums up this COP for action. </p> Wed, 11 Jan 2017 17:14:12 +0100 Transitions for global food security: GloFoodS launches its 2nd call for expressions of interest <p> The CIRAD/INRA GloFoodS metaprogramme contributes to global research operations on food security in the light of global change, nutritional transitions and sustainable development. It aims to support dynamics, foster new ideas, and back the construction of ambitious projects in line with the thematic and strategic priorities CIRAD and INRA have set jointly. It recently launched its second call for expressions of interest for researchers at CIRAD and INRA and their partners. The closing date is 31 January. </p> Mon, 09 Jan 2017 14:09:44 +0100 Agritrop is 8th in the French open archive rankings <p> After just a year, Agritrop, the open archive for CIRAD publications, is 8th in the French open archive rankings. It has also been highly successful on a European and global level. This is a remarkable result for CIRAD, reflecting its determination to improve free circulation of scientific knowledge worldwide. </p> Fri, 06 Jan 2017 10:26:56 +0100 CIRAD and Fondation Avril join forces to boost the resilience of family farms <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Michel Eddi, CIRAD President Managing Director, and Philippe Tillous-Borde, President of Fondation Avril, signed a scientific partnership agreement on 16 December 2016, covering the coming three years. The aim is to boost the resilience of family farms in West Africa by means of an agro-ecological approach combining dry cereals and legume crops. To ensure the success of the project, which has a total budget of 1.5 million euros, the partners will be relying in particular on the research and training organizations involved in a platform in partnership for research and training, IAVAO (Innovation and Plant Breeding in West Africa).</strong> </p> Thu, 22 Dec 2016 15:51:24 +0100 Amazonia: mapping carbon storage after logging <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>An international team from the <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">Tropical managed Forests Observatory</a> including researchers from CIRAD's UMR ECOFOG and Forests &amp; Societies research units has for the first time established a predictive map of aerial carbon stock dynamics after logging in Amazonia. It will enable more accurate estimâtes of the carbon recovery potential of disturbed Amazonian forests.</strong> </p> Tue, 20 Dec 2016 18:34:35 +0100 CIRAD sends you its best wishes for the festive season <p> CIRAD sends you its best wishes for 2017<strong>, and this year offers you an insight into territories and their role in changing the world</strong> </p> Mon, 12 Dec 2016 17:47:32 +0100 Clément Chenost: "It is possible to combine profitability and sustainability to develop agri-chains" <p> The role of agri-chains in sustainable development is a matter of diversity of players, both public and private. How do investment funds fit into this landscape? Interview with Clément Chenost, co-founder of the Moringa Fund and the Agroforestry Technical Assistance Facility, to coincide with the Agri-Chains and Sustainable Development Conference being held in Montpellier from 12 to 14 December. </p> Mon, 12 Dec 2016 16:37:16 +0100 Atlas des bois tropicaux <p> <em>The Atlas des bois tropicaux</em> presents the main technological characteristics of 283 of the tropical forest species and 17 of the temperate species most commonly used in Europe, along with their main uses. Wood sector operators are the main users, be they producers or consumers. This book is an educational reference tool for teaching and training courses on the forestry and wood sector in tropical regions. </p> Mon, 12 Dec 2016 10:32:20 +0100 Processus d'innovation et résilience des exploitations agricoles à Madagascar <p> L’ouvrage <em>Processus d'innovation et résilience des exploitations agricoles à Madagascar</em> montre la très grande résilience des systèmes de production agricole malgaches dans un contexte de grande pauvreté et de fortes incertitudes. Il s’appuie sur de nombreux exemples et une série d’études réalisées entre 2007 et 2013. </p> Mon, 12 Dec 2016 10:32:03 +0100 La Nouvelle-Calédonie face à son destin <p> New Caledonia is about to take an institutional and political corner in a world that has changed radically since the start of the fight for decolonization. This remarkable book is the fruit of a unique multidisciplinary study. On the eve of a decisive consultation, it provides keys to understanding the economy of New Caledonia, its changes over the past 30 years or so, and the issues and prospects for the future. </p> Fri, 09 Dec 2016 11:21:24 +0100 Agro-ecology research: CIRAD and INRA are promoting their joint position <p> Agro-ecology is a scientific priority for both CIRAD and INRA. In both North and South, the agro-ecological approach is key to the development of sustainable, versatile farming systems. It has established a new paradigm for designing sustainable food systems. With this in mind, CIRAD and INRA have identified five lines of research: biodiversity; the main bio-geochemical cycles; landscapes and territories; production systems; and innovation systems. </p> Tue, 06 Dec 2016 11:51:11 +0100 AC&SD 2016 - An international conference combining food security, environmental sustainability and social progress <p class="MsoNormal"> Over 200 experts will meet in Montpellier, France, at the “Agri-Chains and Sustainable Development: linking local and global dynamics” conference on 12-14 December to discuss what can be done to balance an ever-evolving global demand for food and other agricultural products in the face of a worsening environmental crisis and growing social inequalities. </p> Fri, 02 Dec 2016 16:51:45 +0100 Pl@ntNet receives a 2016 La Recherche prize <p> The 13th edition of the La Recherche prize for science publications was held on 30 November. The &quot;Coup de cœur&quot; category was won by the article &quot;A look inside the Pl@ntNet experience&quot;, co-signed by the members of the Pl@ntNet consortium associating CIRAD, INRA, INRIA and the IRD, in collaboration with Tela Botanica. A well-deserved prize for this collaborative wild plant identification support system. </p> Thu, 01 Dec 2016 11:23:12 +0100 La sécurité alimentaire mondiale en débat public à Montpellier <p> Agropolis International et la Chaire UNESCO Alimentations du Monde organisent le 1er décembre 2016 une matinée de débats consacrés à l’alimentation, à l’occasion de la réunion à Montpellier du comité directeur du Groupe d’experts de haut niveau sur la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition (HLPE) du Comité des Nations Unies pour la Sécurité Alimentaire mondiale (CSA). Au programme : quelles sont les questions cruciales et émergentes liées à la sécurité alimentaire mondiale ? Comment la science peut-elle contribuer au débat politique ? </p> Wed, 30 Nov 2016 18:13:49 +0100 Forestry concessions: towards a new type of governance that overlaps industrial and community rights <p> Industrial forestry concessions have existed for over a century in Africa. They have often been criticized for their limited contribution to rural development and for the blurring of customary land rights. In Central Africa, concessions have resulted in the establishment of specialist areas in which concession holders and local populations are mutually exclusive. In the light of this, a new type of forestry concession, both multi-use and multi-user, is emerging. CIRAD suggests a model, to be called &quot;Concession 2.0&quot;. This type of concession recognizes customary territories within and around concessions, through participatory mapping. It organizes sharing of the revenue derived from wood indexed on the extent of the customary territories within the concession and contracts signed with communities. It enables the development of resources other than timber, in association with local people. It introduces the concept of governance shared between the various stakeholders. Lastly, it fosters the emergence of community concessions, exclusive areas potentially associated with the industrial concession. What remains, to ensure the evolution of this new vision of territorial forestry development that combines inclusive management and exclusive rights, is to mobilize support from public development aid and to adapt the legislation. </p> Tue, 29 Nov 2016 18:33:19 +0100 CIRAD and the French Ministry of Agriculture step up collaboration in the French overseas regions and abroad <p> CIRAD and the French Ministry of Agriculture last month signed a new general collaboration agreement covering the French overseas régions and abroad. The agreement includes: mitigation of and adaptation to climate change, forest management, agro-ecology, family farming, health risk management, technical innovation and agricultural transfer networks (RITAs in the French overseas regions, and the impact of research. </p> Fri, 25 Nov 2016 09:58:38 +0100 Volcanic soils planted with sugarcane: record carbon levels <p> CIRAD, the IRD and the Tereos Océan Indien group have been working since 2015, within the framework of the C@run project, to assess the carbon storage functions of annual crops on the agricultural soils of Réunion island. Their work began with sugarcane and prairies, which currently account for 90% of the island's useful agricultural area, using 8400 geolocalized soil samples taken over the past 20 years by the CIRAD agricultural analysis laboratory. Record carbon stocks have been observed. What lies behind this? </p> Tue, 22 Nov 2016 16:35:44 +0100 Phytotrons, windows on the future <p> <strong>Like all the living organisms on the planet, plants are suffering the consequences of climate change. How are they likely to react to the new climate conditions over the coming décades? To find out, researchers from CIRAD are studying photosynthesis, notably thanks to two high-tech phytotrons. A quick look into the future.</strong> </p> Fri, 18 Nov 2016 13:46:07 +0100 CIRAD, the IRD, INRA and their partners working for 4 per 1000 at COP22 <p> The three French signatories of a draft agreement on the 4 per 1000 initiative - CIRAD, the IRD and INRA - and their international partners from the CGIAR (Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research) and the University of Ohio are at the heart of the debates and events centring on the 4 per 1000 programme on 16 and 17 November in Marrakech, during COP22. </p> Wed, 16 Nov 2016 17:39:50 +0100