CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Drip Irrigation for Agriculture <p> in erging and developing countries, growing numbers of farmers are using drip irrigation. A book, <em>Drip Irrigation for Agriculture, </em> explains under what conditions such systems work, for whom, and with what effects. It shows the enthusiasm of smallholders as regards the use and dissemination of such systems, but also their disappointment and disillusion in some cases. </p> Thu, 20 Jul 2017 18:49:46 +0200 Les faits marquants 2016 | Rapport annuel <p> Le rapport annuel d’activité du Cirad vient de sortir. Conçu sous une forme revisitée, il retrace les faits marquants de l’établissement en 2016. Proposé en versions papier et web interactive, cette nouvelle formule tient compte de la numérisation croissante des pratiques et des supports de communication. </p> Thu, 20 Jul 2017 13:04:33 +0200 La résilience des systèmes écologiques et sociaux : accompagner la prise en compte de l'incertitude pour le développement <p> L'étude du changement étant devenu la norme, le terme résilience est passé dans le langage courant. Il est notamment utilisé par les acteurs du développement et de l’humanitaire pour donner un cadre de mise en oeuvre du développement durable des régions touchées par des chocs répétés : il s’agit de trouver des synergies entre des interventions d’urgence (réaction directe après une catastrophe) et des stratégies de développement à moyen et long termes. Ces acteurs ont ainsi élaboré un usage du concept de la résilience qui se distingue d'une autre approche, l'école de la résilience des systèmes écologiques et sociaux, plus ancienne. Ces deux approches se fondent sur l’intégration des dynamiques écologiques et de l’ensemble des groupes sociaux, sur la reconnaissance de la pluralité des connaissances et des potentielles trajectoires de développement, et sur l’accompagnement de la transformation des groupes sociaux. Ce <em>Perspective</em> montre en quoi elles sont complémentaires et identifie les axes selon lesquels des coopérations entre les acteurs issus des deux écoles offriraient de réelles perspectives. </p> <p> </p> Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:35:23 +0200 Analysing value chains from a sustainable development perspective <p> The European Commission recently launched a vast programme aimed at understanding the impact of value chains in terms of sustainability, on an economic, social and environmental level. CIRAD, which is a member of the coordinating consortium Agrinatura, played a major role in designing the project, called Value Chain Analysis for Development (VCA4D). It is now applying its high level of expertise in in-depth analyses, notably in the field, to several value chains being assessed by the programme. </p> Wed, 19 Jul 2017 14:11:38 +0200 CIRAD at EDD 2017: fuelling dialogue with development players <p> A look back at CIRAD's participation in European Development Days 2017 on 6 and 7 June. CIRAD contributed to this unmissable event through five initiatives centring on the issues surrounding sustainable development in agriculture. A winning formula that serves to fuel dialogue with various development players. See recordings of the sessions and live tweets from the event. </p> Mon, 03 Jul 2017 13:43:34 +0200 Agricultural research in the global South: steering research beyond impact promises <p class="MsoNormal"> Faced with the salient development issues in developing countries, agricultural research for development is increasingly being called upon to demonstrate its usefulness and its impacts, particularly among donors and policy makers. To meet this legitimate requirement, CIRAD has developed an approach called ImpresS (Impact of Research in the South) with the goal of documenting the contribution of research to changes within society and the mechanisms at work along the impact pathway.<br /> This <em>Perspective </em> presents the key lessons learned from the application of this innovative participatory approach to a set of 13 <em>ex post</em> case studies, sometimes many years after the intervention of research. It describes the implications of this process in terms of practices among not only researchers, but also donors.<br />To go beyond the promise of impact during the submission of research projects, which is often reduced to a purely rhetorical exercise, CIRAD aims to develop a &quot;culture of impact&quot; that permanently modifies its research practices in order to generate more consistent impacts on development. </p> Fri, 30 Jun 2017 10:06:01 +0200 #DigitAg: seven years to support the development of smart farming <p> Ensuring food security, protecting the environment, managing health risks, and improving farmers' living conditions and access to markets are all global challenges for which digital technologies are aboslutely vital. Seventeen French research, higher education and private-sector players have joined forces to analyse and support the development of smart farming in both North and South. Their partnership within #DigitAg was launched in Montpellier on 30 June. CIRAD is contributing its expertise in terms of farming systems in the South, the surrounding issues and the local situation. </p> Thu, 29 Jun 2017 19:17:58 +0200 Animal and human health: tackling uncertainty through participatory modelling and simulation <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Zoonoses – infectious diseases communicable between animals and humans –, drug resistance and environmental pollution are now causing serious health problems worldwide. These problems are closely tied to global environmental and socio-economic changes and to the transformation of production systems</strong> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>at the territorial level. In this context, health management is becoming a complex issue: it needs to be addressed in close collaboration with the public veterinary health, agriculture and environment sectors. New uncertainties are emerging, and nonconventional actors are entering the scene alongside the decision-makers traditionally responsible for public health. In response to these constraints, researchers are using a participatory modelling and simulation approach</strong> , described in this issue of <em>Perspective. </em> <strong>The approach incorporates the diverse knowledge of all of these actors. It reveals uncertainties and teaches participants how to manage them, to make decisions and to share responsibility. It constitutes a practical solution to ensure health issues are better integrated into territorial planning policies.</strong> </p> Thu, 29 Jun 2017 16:22:04 +0200 International conference: "Living Territories 2018" <p> <em><strong>SAVE THE DATE.</strong> </em> In line with its current spotlight topic, Territories, CIRAD is working with its partners to organize an international conference from 22 to 24 January, in Montpellier, France. Following the belief that there won’t be peace nor prosperity, including in the urban world, without living and flourishing rural communities, the Conference will showcase the importance of rural territories to the achievement of SDGs, both locally and globally. Think and act locally in regard to act globally to the benefit of sustainable development is a political project : it aims to reduce social and economic inequalities, including gender-related disparities, and to address environment concerns. The Conference will also set the scene of a shared agenda for research and action. </p> Mon, 26 Jun 2017 10:39:25 +0200 No, palm oil is not responsible for 40% of global deforestation <p> An article published in The Conversation deciphers the path and gradual erosion of crucial information about the relationship between deforestation and oil palm plantations. In particular, it shows that, contrary to what has been reported in the media, oil palm is not responsible for 40% but 2.3% of global deforestation. The three authors, researchers at CIRAD, thus highlight at what point in the chain and by what document a distortion of the facts appears, contributing to the use of inaccurate information. </p> Fri, 23 Jun 2017 12:07:40 +0200 Découvrez l'agro-écologie sous le ciel des pays tropicaux <p> A l’occasion de la nuit de l’agro-écologie 2017, visitez l'exposition en ligne « La nature comme modèle » et découvrez de nombreuses ressources sur l’agro-écologie dans les pays tropicaux. Ce modèle agricole rassemble des pratiques ayant pour principe fondateur l'optimisation des processus naturels. Ces pratiques mobilisent ainsi les fonctionnalités écologiques des agrosystèmes pour assurer une production agricole durable. </p> Wed, 21 Jun 2017 16:27:38 +0200 Funding biodiversity for better conservation <p> With the launch of new biodiversity preservation funding mechanisms, the European Union tasked CIRAD with an appraisal of these innovative instruments in Mexico and Europe. This resulted in three reports that pave the way for a more in-depth study with a view to boosting their implementation on a bilateral basis. </p> Tue, 20 Jun 2017 16:37:13 +0200 Managing degraded forests, a new priority in the Brazilian Amazon <p> By taking drastic steps, Brazil has succeeded in reducing the annual deforestation rate for Amazonia from 27 770 km2 in 2005 to 5 830 km2 in 2015. However, those steps have not had any effect on forest degradation, notably the partial destruction of the canopy. In the Brazilian Amazon, degraded forests dominate the landscape along pioneer fronts. The region now faces a major challenge: stopping degradation and managing its forests sustainably. In this issue of <em>Perspective, </em> researchers highlight four priorities for research: developing degraded forest characterization and monitoring methods, drafting specific management plans, understanding the role played by all social players, and supporting policies on a territorial level.<br />Nowadays, degraded forests are a forest category in their own right. They could play a major role in mitigating climate change. They could also contribute to better ecological functioning on a territorial level. Drafting policies with the dual aim of reducing degradation and optimizing these forests requires strong support from research. </p> <p> </p> Fri, 16 Jun 2017 17:58:32 +0200 An organic solution to greenhouse whiteflies on tomato in Réunion <p> A biological control solution against a tomato pest, developed in Réunion by Armeflhor, the La Coccinelle biofactory and CIRAD, was given a special mention at the Trophées ITA'innov* ceremony in Paris on 1 June. It was CIRAD President Managing Director Michel Eddi, a member of the jury for the event, organized by ACTA, who presented the prize to Armeflhor, a technical institute based in Réunion. </p> Tue, 13 Jun 2017 16:26:24 +0200 World Agriculture Watch is firmly installed at the FAO <p> It has been a long time coming, but the World Agriculture Watch (WAW) initiative thought up by CIRAD almost ten years ago is now firmly installed at the FAO, supporting application of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) adopted by the international community. </p> Fri, 02 Jun 2017 11:22:59 +0200 See CIRAD at European Development Days 2017 <p> On 7 and 8 June, CIRAD will be taking part in European Development Days in Brussels. Come and chat with the experts and make your contribution to the debate on the issues surrounding sustainable development in agricullture through three interactive sessions on partnerships, territorial development and the 4P1000 initiative, a stand and an exhibition. </p> Tue, 23 May 2017 10:32:35 +0200 Antimicrobials in agriculture: reducing their use while limiting health and socioeconomic risks in the countries of the South <p> While there are numerous measures restricting the use of antimicrobials on livestock farms in industrialized countries, this is not the case in southern countries. On the contrary, their use has been boosted by the growing demand for animal protein and the boom in intensive livestock farming. This has led to a serious problem: antimicrobial resistance. This new issue of <em>Perspective</em> deciphers the complexity and impacts of the phenomenon. It suggests lines of research aimed at reducing or rationalizing antimicrobial use, in the interests of people in the most vulnerable regions. </p> Fri, 19 May 2017 17:03:21 +0200 Baobabs, those enigmatic giants <p> To mark Fascination of Plants Day, CIRAD invites you on a trip into the mysterious world of baobabs. These fascinating giants of Madagascar make up a biological heritage not found anywhere else in the world. Discover their secrets and their unexpected uses, along with the threats they face. </p> Wed, 17 May 2017 16:59:06 +0200 Pascal Danthu: "Baobabs are magnificent trees. You can never be indifferent to them" <p> For more than twenty years now, baobabs have been a passion for Pascal Danthu, an ecologist with CIRAD. Over the past ten years, he has been working with colleagues from Madagascar on research projects aimed at filling in the gaps in our scientific knowledge of this mysterious tree, of which six of the nine recorded species are endemic to Madagascar. Discover that passion through a portrait produced to mark <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">Fascination of Plants Day 2017</a>. </p> Wed, 17 May 2017 16:41:34 +0200 Construire des politiques alimentaires urbaines <p> The book <em>Construire des politiques alimentaires urbaines</em> describes the existing conceptual frameworks for analyses of urban food policies, at the crossroads between the concepts of food systems and sustainable urban areas. It serves as a basis for identifying research topics, in relation with initiatives taken by urban local governments in North and South. </p> Tue, 16 May 2017 17:48:19 +0200