CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Prospective Agrimonde-Terra : quelles terres pour la sécurité alimentaire mondiale en 2050 ? <p class="MsoNormal"> Comment l’utilisation des terres dans le monde pourrait-elle évoluer d’ici 2050 ? Comment concilier pression démographique, urbanisation, changement des modes de vie, changement climatique, demandes énergétiques et sécurité alimentaire mondiale ? La prospective Agrimonde-Terra, menée par le Cirad et l’Inra, ouvrira un débat autour de cinq scénarios régionalisés d’usage des terres dans le monde le 24 juin à Paris. </p> Wed, 25 May 2016 16:21:39 +0200 GCARD 3: orchestrating global agricultural research for greater impact <p class="MsoNormal"> For its third edition, the Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development (GCARD) chose to highlight impact and scaling up, with a view to alleviating hunger and poverty worldwide, along with greenhouse gas emissions. CIRAD was heavily involved in organizing this event. </p> Wed, 25 May 2016 11:55:50 +0200 Impact assessment, a change in perspective and approach as regards research <p> Following the recent publication of the 9th statement from the INRA-CIRAD Ethics Committee on the ethical aspects of assessing the impacts of agricultural research, CIRAD President Managing Director Michel Eddi talks about CIRAD's &quot;Innovation-Impact&quot; project, launched in 2014. In particular, he stresses how the statement validates several fundamental choices made by CIRAD, such as recognition of the long term in impact mechanisms, the involvement of the various stakeholders in assessments and the importance of developing an &quot;impact culture&quot;, a shift that CIRAD initiated at the very start of the project. </p> Mon, 23 May 2016 12:29:35 +0200 Logging roads: they disrupt forests, but foster the regeneration of logged trees <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Work by researchers from CIRAD and the University of Bangor has shown that in the Congo Basin, in 30 years, almost 90% of the roads built by forestry firms have been abandoned and successfully recolonized by vegetation. These results demonstrate that the environmental impact of disused roads is less marked than expected, but also show that biomass production remains affected for a substantial period of time.</strong> </p> Wed, 18 May 2016 17:54:17 +0200 The ethical aspects of assessing the impacts of public agricultural research <p> The ninth and latest statement by the INRA-CIRAD Ethics Committee concerns assessment of the impacts of public agricultural research. Such assessments serve to prove the commitment to social and environmental responsibility of public research organizations. </p> Wed, 18 May 2016 17:13:31 +0200 Emergence de maladies infectieuses <p> SARS, avian influenza, the Ebola virus and MERS-CoV are the object of increasing attention on the part of scientists, risk managers, the media and the general public. In this book, specialists analyse the ecological, social, institutional and political dynamics associated with emerging infectious diseases. They explain the challenges faced and also the opportunities that are now being seized by the players faced with such diseases. </p> Mon, 09 May 2016 17:50:35 +0200 Les transformations des politiques de coopération <p> By means of a multi-disciplinary approach, this book presents the profound changes in development aid policy in the so-called northern States. In particular, it sets out the complex processes that govern aid policy, taking account of many levels (multilateral, bilateral and local) and of the interactions between players with differing behaviour patterns and interests. </p> Wed, 04 May 2016 16:11:04 +0200 Organic waste recycling: how to reduce the risks of ecotoxicity for soils <p> Researchers from CIRAD and their African partners tested the toxicity of certain types of organic waste on soils around Dakar, where market gardening is particularly widely practised. Their results showed that applying those types of organic waste increased levels of certain trace metals – zinc, copper, lead, etc – in the soils concerned. To reduce the risks of ecotoxicity, the researchers recommend diversifying the types of waste applied and adjusting the doses used. </p> Wed, 04 May 2016 15:57:33 +0200 Tatajuba, a Guianan wood that could compete with teak… <p class="MsoNormal"> Tatajuba is a durable, relatively dense wood that is also highly stable in use, in other words largely insensitive to variations in relative humidity. It draws that stability from metabolites produced when the sapwood* is converted into heartwood. This was recently demonstrated by researchers from the CNRS and CIRAD, who published their results in <em>PloS One</em> . </p> Fri, 29 Apr 2016 10:25:14 +0200 Voies lactées, e-book version <p class="MsoNormal"> After the paperback version, here is the e-book version of Voies lactées: dynamique des bassins laitiers entre globalisation et territorialisation. The book uses a trip through the world's dairy basins to illustrate the changes in livestock farming systems. </p> Thu, 28 Apr 2016 16:59:32 +0200 40 years of innovations that have revolutionized banana growing <p class="MsoNormal"> A four-page illustrated document recounts the main innovations developed by CIRAD that have transformed the way bananas are produced in the French West Indies. </p> Wed, 27 Apr 2016 14:35:51 +0200 Cassava: reconquering diversity <p> <strong>An international team has compared the cassava genome with that of its closest relatives. This work, which involved CIRAD, has lifted the veil on the history and genetic diversity of a plant that currently feeds 800 million people. It paves the way for work to improve yields via the development of more productive or disease-resistant varieties. </strong> </p> Fri, 22 Apr 2016 15:01:22 +0200 Alain Karsenty: "No, forest management plans do not exacerbate deforestation" <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Forest management plans are seen as the main tools for managing the forest resource sustainably. However, </strong> <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100"><strong>an article published in early 2016</strong> </a><strong> concluded that in Congo, deforestation was worse in forestry concessions with</strong> <strong>forest management plans</strong> <strong>than in those without. These results were a real bombshell, but may in fact just be a damp squib: they have since been contradicted by </strong> <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100"><strong>a working document signed by 22 international researchers</strong> </a><strong>. </strong> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Some explanations from Alain Karsenty, an economist at CIRAD specializing in tropical forests and lead author of the document.</strong> </p> Fri, 15 Apr 2016 19:04:45 +0200 CIRAD officializes its links with CENSA in Cuba <p> CIRAD and CENSA, in Cuba, recently signed a cooperation agreement. The agreement officializes the existing links between the two organizations. It strengthens relations with Cuba in the field of agricultural science cooperation, complementing an initial general agreement signed in March 2015 with the Cuban Ministry of Agriculture. </p> Mon, 11 Apr 2016 17:17:48 +0200 Ethics | Sharing and management of research data <p> The INRA-CIRAD Joint Consultative Committee on Ethics recently turned its attention to the burning issue of data sharing and management. Data gathering is an essential aspect of scientists' work, and the ever greater transparency surrounding research results means that a flood of information is now available on the Internet. What are the constraints and responsibilities involved in data sharing? How can researchers be supported in this context? In particular, the Ethics Committee recommends setting up a body on this topic that scientists from the two organizations could consult, and drafting a specific policy. </p> Mon, 11 Apr 2016 17:15:23 +0200 Jean-Philippe Deguine: "Réunion is an advanced laboratory for agro-ecology in France" <p> In Réunion, mangoes can now be grown entirely without insecticides and chayotes are now organic! Interview with Jean-Philippe Deguine, the CIRAD researcher behind two projects on agro-ecological crop protection, Biophyto and Gamour, which helped achieve these results. The French Minister of Agriculture invited him to present them in Paris, at a symposium to draft a plan for the future of agriculture (<em>loi d'avenir pour l’agriculture</em> ). </p> Fri, 08 Apr 2016 12:12:15 +0200 Bois et forêts des tropiques No. 326 <p> A new issue of the journal <em>Bois et forêts des Tropiques,</em> published by CIRAD, including an editorial on scientific integrity. All items are free to access on <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">the website of the magazine</a>. </p> Tue, 05 Apr 2016 16:02:15 +0200 Territorial ecology: a way of renewing the objects of agricultural research <p> In a context in which various types and scales of new expectations and new standards and requirements for farming and agrifood systems are emerging, agricultural research is looking at whether it needs to renew the subjects and scales on which it works and its approaches: what should it be assessing and how? What are &quot;the performances&quot; of the target systems to be improved? What systems are we talking about? </p> <p> Depending on the topic concerned, renewing the objects of agricultural research may mean defining the limitations of systems well beyond those of agriculture and agrifoods. </p> <p> In looking at material relations in situations opened up to other industrial sectors and to the urban context, agricultural research has to position itself in relation to other integrated research fields. A study of organic waste recycling led him to identify industrial ecology, more commonly referred to in French as territorial ecology, as an appropriate research framework. </p> Thu, 31 Mar 2016 16:32:36 +0200 When CIRAD statistical expertise is at the service of the conservation of gorillas <p> Recent work involving researchers from CIRAD revealed that the Grauer's gorilla (also known as the eastern lowland gorilla), one of the four known sub-species of gorilla, is in critical danger of extinction. The sub-species, which lives in the forests of eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, has seen its numbers fall by almost 80% in the past twenty years, and is one of the collateral victims of the country's civil war. </p> Wed, 30 Mar 2016 12:16:15 +0200 Tailoring climate forecasts to the range of contexts <p> Why do farmers in tropical countries make very little use of the climate forecasts supplied to them, particularly seasonal rainfall forecasts? A research group of which CIRAD is a member decided to tackle this question by means of a survey. The scientists involved pinpointed the large gaps between the information supplied and farmers' requirements. Using a comparative approach, they showed that the variety of agricultural, ethnographic and geographical situations meant tailoring climate data to the specific requirements of the farmers. </p> Wed, 16 Mar 2016 15:33:01 +0100