CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Bois et forêts des tropiques N°322 <p> Un nouveau numéro de la revue Bois et forêts des Tropiques<em>,</em> éditée par le Cirad. </p> Wed, 13 May 2015 16:34:37 +0200 Preparing the research policies of tomorrow <p> Michel Eddi, CIRAD President Managing Director, is keen to back up the publication of the INRA-CIRAD Ethic Committee's sixth statement, on &quot;Training in and through research: what are the ethical issues?&quot; with a few additional thoughts. He lists the operations already begun and paves the way for the upcoming challenges that will prepare for the research of tomorrow. </p> Tue, 12 May 2015 10:56:13 +0200 Philippe Feldmann: "Junior researchers are more liable to slips in terms of scientific misconduct" <p> Scientific misconduct practices are on the up. However, the stakes are high: the quality of the research being funded, the image of science, the layman's confidence in researchers, etc. In response to this situation, eight research organizations signed a national charter at the end of January, covering ethics in the field of research. What steps can be taken? Some answers from Philippe Feldmann, one of CIRAD's scientific ethics specialists. </p> Tue, 12 May 2015 10:49:42 +0200 CIRAD is a member of the French Agricultural, Veterinary and Forestry Institute <p> The decree confirming the founding of the French Agricultural, Veterinary and Forestry Institute (IAV2F) was published in the <em>Journal officiel</em> on 31 March. The institute, which associates 14 establishments, now includes CIRAD among its members following a unanimous vote by the CIRAD Board of Trustees. It takes over from Agreenium. </p> Mon, 11 May 2015 17:56:08 +0200 Conservation agriculture: an innovation faced with family farming constraints <p> Why has conservation agriculture not been widely adopted by family farms in the South? A new thematic issue of <em>Cahiers Agricultures</em> takes stock of the issue. </p> Wed, 06 May 2015 14:29:43 +0200 Connaissances et marchés <p> A special issue of the <em>Revue d'anthropologie des connaissances,</em> coordinated by three sociologists from CIRAD, Montpellier SupAgro and the Centre de sociologie de l'innovation. </p> Tue, 05 May 2015 15:56:37 +0200 Bois et forêts des tropiques No. 321 <p> A special issue of the journal <em>Bois et forêts des tropiques</em> , on agroforestry. </p> Tue, 05 May 2015 15:26:12 +0200 The bacterium behind "potato taste" in coffee has been identified <p> The &quot;potato taste&quot; of some coffees reduces their quality and value. It is caused by a molecule produced following the introduction of a bacterium into the beans. A team from CIRAD, working with the Institut Pasteur, recently identified the bacterium. It is a new species, christened <em>Pantoea coffeiphila.</em> </p> Mon, 04 May 2015 11:51:25 +0200 See CIRAD at Expo Milano 2015 <p> From 1 May to 31 October 2015, Milan is expecting more than 20 million visitors at the universal exposition. &quot;Feeding the planet, energy for life&quot; is the topic, at the heart of current issues, that will be centre-stage during Expo Milano 2015. This topic is dear to CIRAD's heart, and is one of its strategic lines of research. Several researchers will be presenting their latest work with their partners in tropical countries. In particular, they will be participating in events organized under the banner of the national research alliance for the environment, <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">AllEnvi</a>, in the France pavilion, and also elsewhere. </p> Thu, 30 Apr 2015 09:49:01 +0200 Amazon rainforest: one percent of its tree species account for half of its carbon! <p class="MsoNormal"> Amazon rain forests are the world’s most extensive and are extraordinarily diverse, being home to an estimated 16,000 tree species. Yet just two hundred of those species, barely 1%, are responsible for half of all tree growth and carbon stored in the Amazon, according to a study by the Rainfor network, the results of which were published in <em>Nature</em> <em>Communications</em> on 28 April. </p> Tue, 28 Apr 2015 22:34:19 +0200 PROIntensAfrica: new initiative explores African opportunities for sustainable food systems <p> Sustainable improvement of food and nutrition security and the livelihoods of African farmers are at issue when 23 African and European research partners collaborate on a long term research and innovation partnership. The focus is on sustainable intensification of the agro-food system in Africa. </p> Tue, 28 Apr 2015 11:20:41 +0200 Organic or conventional products: discriminating by analysing their microbial ecology <p> The food crises of recent years have led European consumers to be more vigilant as regards the safety and origin of the products they consume. The popularity of organic agricultural products, amongst others, reflects the demand for healthy, natural and certified foods. But once they are on the market, how can we discriminate between a foodstuff produced by the organic sector and another produced by the conventional farming sector, using pesticides? This was the question posed in a study by CIRAD of the traceability of fruits, using an overall microbial molecular analysis method developed in its laboratories. </p> Mon, 27 Apr 2015 15:41:56 +0200 Climate change: impact and adaptation <p> A vast amount of work has been carried out on the impact of or adaptation to climate change by players in Languedoc-Roussillon. While this dossier, compiled and produced by Agropolis International, is far from exhaustive, it does set out to provide readers with an overview of that work, by showcasing the players involved and some concrete examples of their research activities. </p> Wed, 15 Apr 2015 17:33:44 +0200 L. Sedogo and R. Zougmouré: in the Sahel, agriculture and climate change have gone hand in hand for years <p> <strong>VIDEOS.</strong> Severe droughts, climate variability, etc, etc... the Sahel has been suffering the whims of the climate for decades. Farmers have had to adapt by using innovative systems and not just technologies, paving the way for the latest approach: climate-smart agriculture. The climate change factor has also been integrated into agricultural policies, which is vital if those policies are to be effective. Some explanations and concrete examples from Robert Zougmouré, West Africa Regional Coordinator of the CGIAR Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security, and Laurent Sedogo, former Minister of Agriculture and the Environment of Burkina Faso (in French). </p> Tue, 14 Apr 2015 15:28:09 +0200 Burkina Faso: local supply chains are stimulating demand for agrifuels <p class="MsoNormal"> In 2007, Burkina Faso embarked upon production of jatropha oil, a biofuel that can replace diesel in rural areas. This biofuel, which is produced, processed and consumed within the same rural area, fits into the way in which local people live, has stimulated energy demand, and has also changed public opinion. These are the results of a field survey by a team from CIRAD, aimed at understanding how the proximity of supplies influences demand, and how that demand is built and expressed. </p> Tue, 14 Apr 2015 13:16:17 +0200 A new technique for selecting the most durable teaks <p> The fungus resistance of teak from plantations is highly variable. To determine that resistance, researchers from CIRAD and their partners have developed a new technique using near infrared spectroscopy. The technique is both rapid and reliable, and will help ensure more rational logging operations and teak use. </p> Wed, 08 Apr 2015 14:46:52 +0200 K. Cassman and P. Tittonell: agro-ecology, ecological intensification and climate change <p> <strong>VIDEOS.</strong> Agro-ecology and ecological intensification are two relatively similar approaches to agriculture. For Pablo Tittonell, agro-ecology is a scientific discipline, a practice and also the result of a social movement, notably in the South, centring on family farming. It provides the means to move towards climate-smart agriculture. Kenneth Cassman, for his part, pleads for &quot;a new way of thinking&quot;: ecological intensification to double yields and halve the negative impacts on the environment. Eventually, this approach will help limit the extension of cultivated areas and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. </p> Thu, 02 Apr 2015 18:36:01 +0200 RITAs: long-term partnerships to boost transfers in the field of agro-ecology <p> After a very positive initial phase, the RITAs (innovation and agricultural transfer networks) set up in the French overseas regions by the French government are now entering a second development phase centring on agro-ecology. </p> Thu, 26 Mar 2015 15:13:00 +0100 Sugarcane: estimating yields from smallholdings by remote sensing <p> In the smallest sugarcane producing countries, cropping practices are many and varied and there are a multitude of plots. In such conditions, it is difficult to estimate production, even though this is a prerequisite for the sustainability of sugar supply chains. Researchers from CIRAD and their partners compared several methods of estimating production based on the vegetation indices supplied by satellites, and observed that the empirical method was the most accurate. They therefore recommend it for use in the smallholder sector. </p> Mon, 23 Mar 2015 11:49:33 +0100 Territorial management of the environment: putting stakeholders centre-stage <p> How can we design territory-scale organic waste management systems that are acceptable to all the stakeholders, whether producers or consumers of that waste? How can we reconcile the often diverging views those stakeholders have of the environment? What method should be used to asses the impact of such management systems on the environment? To answer these questions, a team from CIRAD demonstrated the necessity of taking account of stakeholders' views and developed a new representation framework based on a conception of the environment that is neither techno- nor ecocentric, but anthropocentric. </p> Mon, 23 Mar 2015 11:38:20 +0100