CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB CIRAD wishes you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year 2015 <p> In response to climate change, working together for tomorrow's agriculture. </p> Fri, 19 Dec 2014 13:24:20 +0100 ACP countries-CIRAD: a general agreement to consolidate collaboration <p> Following a fruitful partnership on the sugarcane supply chain, a general agreement was signed recently between CIRAD and the secretariat of the ACP (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific) countries. The agreement broadens the scope of collaboration between the research centre and the countries concerned. </p> Thu, 18 Dec 2014 16:39:51 +0100 The Ivorian authorities have set up a food safety agency <p> During a seminar entitled &quot;<em>Les Ivoiriens sont-ils en danger à travers ce qu’ils consomment ?</em> &quot; on 8 and 9 December in Abidjan, the Ivorian government announced the creation of a national food safety agency and the funding of equipment for the official control laboratories to be set up. </p> Thu, 18 Dec 2014 16:24:42 +0100 Family farming: what next after 2014? <p> Family farming has been the priority topic for debate, scientific communication and action at CIRAD throughout 2014. These operations marked the International Year of Family Farming (UN). What can we draw from them? And what are they likely to lead on to? A look back at twelve months of debate, reflection and inventories of the topic. </p> Thu, 18 Dec 2014 15:52:15 +0100 Bois et Forêt des Tropiques No. 320 <p> This special issue of <em>Bois et Forêts des Tropiques</em> presents results obtained through research operations conducted within the &quot;Forests and Biodiversity in Madagascar&quot; research and training platform in partnership. Most of the work behind these results was done by multi-institutional teams of researchers supervising students (Masters or PhD). This is proof of the platform's triple aim: to conduct quality research, in partnership, that supports the training of the next generation of researchers. </p> Thu, 11 Dec 2014 16:42:52 +0100 The genome of African yams includes four badnavirus elements <p> CIRAD and INRA, in partnership with the NRI and the IITA, recently revealed the presence of badnavirus viral elements within the genome of African yams. This is a first for this tuber, which is widely grown in West Africa. Badnaviruses affect many tropical plants, causing sometimes serious diseases. The question now is whether, as in banana, some of the endogenous elements found in yams could cause spontaneous infection. </p> Thu, 11 Dec 2014 16:29:28 +0100 H2020: the EU is funding the ProIntensAfrica partnership project <p> CIRAD and its partners were recently granted two years of EU funding to look into establishing a long-term joint research programme between Europe and Africa. The study, dubbed ProIntensAfrica, will centre on improving the sustainability of African agriculture, food and nutritional security, and incomes among African farmers. It will be based on an exploration of the various ways of intensifying local agrifood systems sustainably. </p> Thu, 11 Dec 2014 15:39:17 +0100 Declining marine resources: a study in Sumatra has moved the goalposts <p> In the waters of Lake Singkarak, in Sumatra, fish are becoming increasingly scarce and fishing, an essential activity for local people, has seen catches shrink. While everyone is agreed on the decline, different reasons are quoted. Of those reasons, scientists favour over-fishing and illegal practices such as using explosives and electric shocks or a general deterioration in the quality of the water in the lake. The fishermen put the decline down to the building of a hydroelectric dam, land degradation and pollution. </p> <p> A multi-disciplinary study from 2009 to 2013 by researchers from CIRAD and their Thai and Indonesian partners revealed the diversity of viewpoints and that of types of households in line with their income and fishing strategy. The study also showed how, from an institutional point of view, the lake and its resources are seen as open-access, unregulated commons. </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> The results have been presented to the provincial authorities, village communities and fishermen's representatives. They have served to change the ideas held by the various groups. The fishermen have recognized that some of them are over-fishing in relation to the resources available. The traditional communities agree that the existing institutions need to be revised so as to make better use of the lake's resources. The provincial authorities, for their part, have committed to negotiating with fishermen's representatives with a view to drafting new fishing regulations and fighting extreme practices. </p> Fri, 05 Dec 2014 11:59:16 +0100 Les cultures fourragères <p> A book on tropical fodder crops. These crops, which serve to feed livestock, are vitally important for sustainable development in warm regions. </p> Thu, 04 Dec 2014 17:28:38 +0100 Les agricultures familiales du monde: définitions, contributions et politiques publiques <p> A book on the concept of family farming and its relevance compared to other types of farming. A revised version of a report published under the same title by CIRAD to mark the International Year of Family Farming (2014). </p> Mon, 01 Dec 2014 14:26:28 +0100 ASForce project: eradicating African Swine Fever <p> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> After Lisbon (Portugal) in 2012 and Cagliari (Sardinia) in 2013, from 22 to 24 October it was Montpellier that hosted the third Full Consortium Meeting of the ASForce project, which aims to eradicate African Swine Fever (ASF), a devastating disease that affects pigs as a result of a complex virus. </p> Mon, 01 Dec 2014 11:58:00 +0100 Tropical rainforests: climate change could lead to a drop in productivity <p> </p> <p> Tropical rainforests are under unprecendented threat as a result of climate change. Temperatures are rising and look set to continue to do so in the coming decades, while rainfall is likely to decrease. What are the repercussions for tree growth?<br /> Researchers from CIRAD and their partners chose to conduct a meta-analysis of the published data on seasonal tree growth throughout the Tropics. By comparing those data with global climate records, they demonstrated that tree growth was highly seasonal. They also demonstrated that rainfall and sunshine levels within a given ecosystem were the main factors that determined growth, and consequently carbon entry into the system and wood production. <br />According to the researchers, given the predominant role played by rainfall in seasonal tree growth, tropical forest productivity could well decrease in the coming years. </p> Mon, 01 Dec 2014 11:45:15 +0100 Climate-smart agriculture is not straightforward: debates, issues and levers <p> People in developing countries are the first to suffer the effects of climate disruption on agriculture and food security. In response to this, climate-smart agriculture is intended to address the parameters of that disruption and changes in agriculture with a view to sustainable development, particularly since such changes will necessarily involve innovative public policies and financial mechanisms. This was demonstrated by the authors of an article published on line in <em>Nature Climate Change</em> on Wednesday 26 November 2014. </p> Mon, 01 Dec 2014 10:31:10 +0100 Public policy for family farming - Definition for better support <p> The International Year of Family Farming has focused world attention on the economic and social role played by this type of agriculture, as well as on its potential for meeting global challenges. It has also identified weaknesses and the need for decisive, far-reaching public action to overcome these. However, policy making and implementation require a clear-cut statistical definition of family farming at the global level, as well as a detailed picture of the various forms this agriculture may take at the national level. Hence the proposal to characterise family farming by the conjunction between the domestic unit and the production unit, and to determine criteria for fine-tuning this definition in each country. </p> Fri, 28 Nov 2014 18:03:37 +0100 Climate change - Estimating carbon emissions for REDD+: The conditions for involving local people <p> The participation of local people in climate change mitigation is considered key to ensuring that their priorities are taken into account. This should help to design effective social safeguards and to improve equity in benefit sharing. The participation of local people has been explored in carbon emission Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) for REDD+. This issue of Perspective shows the the feasibility and sustainability of participatory MRV (PMRV) are not automatic and depend on its relevance to local people (including incentives to participate), their technical capacity and the existence of appropriate structures for measurement, reporting and verification. </p> Fri, 28 Nov 2014 17:30:56 +0100 The Renewal of Agricultural Market Information Systems in Developing Countries <p> The journal <em>Cahiers Agricultures</em> has published a bilingual issue on last-generation agricultural market information systems (MIS) in developing countries. </p> Thu, 27 Nov 2014 15:44:31 +0100 Livestock production, a factor in adapting to global change in Egypt <p> The Mediterranean is facing unprecedented social and environmental changes that are increasing its fragility. From 1995 to 2010, the northwestern coast of Egypt saw an unprecedented period of drought. Livestock production has always played a fundamental role in shaping landscapes and in household finances. In response to climate change, and also to growth in tourism and the development of wadis, the Bedouins have adapted. The tribal social structure has played a central role in access to and use of resources, particularly land, and also in families' ability to adapt. They have developed new activities while conserving livestock production as a central part of their society. </p> Wed, 26 Nov 2014 11:02:21 +0100 Estado del arte de la quinoa en el mundo en 2013 <p> This state of the art on quinoa is a collection of syntheses to help readers understand the many facets of the crop. In particular, it shows why the biodiversity of this plant is important for expanding its cultivation under all latitudes. It makes us think again about varietal innovation models in order to ensure its conservation. </p> Wed, 26 Nov 2014 10:22:14 +0100 Avian influenza is showing the strains! <p class="MsoNormal"> Type H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza foci have recently been observed on poultry farms in the UK, Germany and the Netherlands. This strain has already been seen in China and Japan, but there have not yet been any cases of transmission to humans. As for strains H5N1, H7N9 and now H5N6, they are continuing to circulate in Asia, and could be a threat to countries in the North. </p> <p> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> </p> Wed, 19 Nov 2014 11:12:17 +0100 Les transformations dans le système de la coopération pour le développement <p> Development cooperation is a field that has traditionally been analysed by economists, who prefer questions regarding the efficiency, performance or selectivity of aid. The journal <em>Mondes en Développement</em> has published a series of articles, directed by researchers from CIRAD and UQAM, detailing a range of new disciplinary approaches and shedding new light on recent developments in this field. </p> Mon, 17 Nov 2014 16:43:23 +0100