CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Hervé Le Treut : «Une agriculture adaptative, locale et collective, la meilleure approche pour les paysans face aux risques liés aux changements climatiques» <p> Le climatologue Hervé Le Treut, membre du GIEC et de l'Académie des sciences, explique comment le réchauffement du climat, qui ne fait désormais plus de doute, a un impact négatif sur les rendements, créant des situations de risques pour les paysans. Ses préconisations : avoir une agriculture adaptative, enracinée localement et anticiper. </p> Thu, 02 Jul 2015 15:30:36 +0200 Climat & Agriculture au programme de la conférence «Our common future under climate change» <p> L’agriculture a un rôle majeur à jouer dans les stratégies d’adaptation au changement climatique et d’atténuation des émissions de gaz à effet de serre. Ce message, de plus en visible, fera partie des débats de la grande conférence internationale <em>Our common future under climate change. </em> Cette conférence rassemblera la communauté scientifique mondiale, dont le Cirad, à Paris, du 7 au 10 juillet 2015, en amont des négociations des Nations Unies (Cop 21). </p> Thu, 02 Jul 2015 11:38:04 +0200 Remote sensing: very high-resolution satellite images are available to public-sector players <p> CIRAD, the CNES, the CNRS, the IGN, the IRD and IRSTEA are to receive very high-resolution images from the SPOT 6-7 satellites for a five-year period. To this end, the six organizations signed a contract on 18 June 2015 with Airbus Defence &amp; Space. The images will be made available to the national players in charge of implementing public policy, and the scientific community. They will cover France's national territory, including its overseas regions, and may also concern zones in southern countries. </p> Fri, 26 Jun 2015 17:26:03 +0200 Agritrop is now an institutional open archive <p> The CIRAD publications base, Agritrop, was recently converted into an institutional open archive. With more than 90 000 references and 12 000 full-text documents, this new version gives open, free access to CIRAD's written scientific output. </p> Thu, 25 Jun 2015 13:10:41 +0200 Agro-ecology: France and China are looking into modes of cooperation <p> Agriculture has a crucial role to play in the face of climate change. Ahead of the talks scheduled during the 21st climate conference (COP21 – Paris 2015), CIRAD has made an active contribution, alongside INRA, to a Franco-Chinese conference on agro-ecology. The main topics chosen for cooperation are: carbon sequestration in the soil to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, and the use of genetic resources to adapt species to drought. Research practices common to France and China and specific to agro-ecology also emerged from the discussions: integrating local knowledge into innovation processes and the need for modelling. </p> Thu, 25 Jun 2015 11:12:55 +0200 Sugarcane: a crop that also produces energy <p> With the growth in demand for biofuels, using sugarcane by-products such as bagasse and ethanol could become more cost-effective. However, it is necessary to determine the conditions in which production could be both optimum and compatible with high sugar yields. A team from CIRAD, working with the eRcane firm, embarked upon a complex, novel study of the entire production chain, from plot to mill, to determine the impact of production factors on biomass yield and quality, and on aerial biomass distribution between food and energy production. </p> Tue, 23 Jun 2015 17:32:03 +0200 Voies lactées - Dynamique des bassins laitiers entre globalisation et territorialisation <p> Agricultural operations and territories, which are subject to the forces of globalization and territorialization, are evolving. But how? And what are the prospects? This book analyses the reconfigurations under way in seven dairy basins worldwide, in France, Brazil, Uruguay, Senegal and Vietnam. </p> Fri, 19 Jun 2015 15:59:28 +0200 Coffee: more vigorous plants contain fewer toxins against leaf miners <p> </p> <p> In the hope of controlling leaf miners, a team from CIRAD has conducted research into the genetic modification of coffee trees using <em>Bacillus thuringiensis</em> genes that code for insecticidal endotoxins. On testing the modified trees in the field, the researchers found that the most vigporous plants were also those with the lowest levels of endotoxins. This was completely unexpected, and was probably due to the promoter used, which proves the importance of conducting field trials in this type of study. </p> Thu, 18 Jun 2015 14:16:53 +0200 Perspective No. 32. Investments in "smallholder" family farming. Towards a New Deal <p> This new issue of <em>Perspective</em> shows that integrated policies are required to foster family farmers' investment in their farms. The prime objective should be to reduce the burden on families of expenses and cut the time spent on certain domestic tasks, so as to free up their capacity to take initiatives. </p> Tue, 16 Jun 2015 15:58:24 +0200 R. Lancelot: "It is very difficult to link the emergence of diseases with climate change" <p> VIDEO. We tend to think that climate change and emerging diseases, whether they affect man or animals, are closely linked. However, the link is generally neither direct nor obvious. Some détails from an epidemiologist, Renaud Lancelot, who looked into the question at the global conference on climate-smart agriculture held in Montpellier in March. </p> Tue, 16 Jun 2015 14:35:32 +0200 Fruits, Vol. 70, No. 3 <p> A new issue of the journal <em>Fruits,</em> published by EDP Sciences and CIRAD. </p> Mon, 15 Jun 2015 15:37:30 +0200 Le quinoa, les enjeux d'une conquête <p> What happens when a plant that has been grown for centuries and is far from the préoccupations of international trade, crosses oceans, appears on market stalls and ends up in our increasingly diversified diet? The book <em>Le quinoa, les enjeux d'une conquête</em> prompts a look at what is currently happening on the plates in front of us, the agricultural models induced by our food consumption habits, and the biodiversity this helps maintain for the future. </p> Mon, 15 Jun 2015 15:19:45 +0200 Population growth and regional development are at the heart of the African Economic Outlook 2015 <p> With a population set to more than double by 2050 to over two billion inhabitants, half of whom will be under 25, Africa is facing unprecedented structural challenges. Population growth is an opportunity for economic growth, but it will undoubtedly upset regional equilibria. Those upsets will mean making in-depth changes to the approaches taken as regards development policy. This is what emerges from the 2015 edition of the African Economic Outlook, in which several CIRAD researchers participated, which was published recently. </p> Mon, 15 Jun 2015 11:52:38 +0200 Guadeloupe: eight new yam varieties are now available to producers <p> To help fight anthracnose, producers in the caribbean now have access to eight new varieties tolerant of the fungus. They were developed through breeding and assessment operations by CIRAD and INRA, within the framework of the Agricultural Innovation and Transfer Network (RITA), in close partnership with producers. </p> Thu, 11 Jun 2015 11:13:23 +0200 Should agricultural production be transferred nearer towns and cities? <p> VIDEO. Most large towns and cities have historically been supplied from afar rather than by local farmers. However, many of them are now looking more closely at the matter of agriculture. What are the reasons for this? How can we invent new types of relations between urban and rural inhabitants? Some answers from Nicolas Bricas, an economist at CIRAD who specializes in food issue, as part of the <em>mercredis du Pavillon France</em> at Expo Milano 2015. </p> Mon, 08 Jun 2015 15:54:20 +0200 2014-2018 State-CIRAD Contractual Objectives <p> In its &quot;2012-2022 Strategic Vision&quot;, adopted by the Board of Trustees in June 2012, CIRAD, a targeted research organization given a public development aid mandate by its supervisory ministries, sets itself four ambitions: to serve as a global reference for our scientific priorities; to co-build strategic agricultural research for development partnerships; to establish the conditions for effective innovation; and to evolve in order to achieve our ambitions. The contractual objectives set priority objectives for the period 2014-2018. </p> Fri, 05 Jun 2015 15:27:27 +0200 Peste des petits ruminants <p> Peste des petits ruminants, which was discovered in 1942 in Ivory Coast, causes substantial losses in affected flocks and poses a threat to the food security and livelihoods of the world's poorest people. A free, lavishly illustrated educational booklet published recently in CIRAD's Les Savoirs partagés® collection dsecribes every aspect of this trans-border viral disease, which is both highly contagious and utterly devastating. </p> Thu, 04 Jun 2015 16:40:32 +0200 Southern countries expected in France for the 31st International Horticultural Congress <p> After Turkey in 2018, France will be hosting the 31st International Horticultural Congress, in Angers, from 14 to 20 August 2022. CIRAD will be heavily involved in its organization, and will be taking care to ensure the participation of many southern countries. </p> <p> This prestigious conference, which has not been held in France since 1958, will be attended by the world's leading horticulture specialists. More than 3000 participants from 70 countries are expected over the week. </p> Mon, 01 Jun 2015 09:56:58 +0200 Montpellier is a candidate to host the Agence française de la biodiversité HQ <p> The founding of the Agence française de la biodiversité has just been confirmed and will be official as of 1 January 2016. Montpellier, which has many things in its favour, is a candidate to host the new structure's HQ. This move is strongly supported by the scientific community working on agro-environment-biodiversity in Languedoc-Roussillon, of which CIRAD is a part. </p> Thu, 28 May 2015 15:31:59 +0200 L'avenir des forêts ? <p> A book for the general public that paints a picture of the world's forests and the biodiversity they contain. In an impartial way, it deciphers the debate and the range of opinions using numerous graphs and interviews of leading experts. </p> Wed, 27 May 2015 09:35:23 +0200