CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = http://www.cirad.fr - Langue = eng-GB http://www.cirad.fr/en/rss/cirad-actualites-news eng-GB ISRFG 2016 Symposium: preparing the rice growing of the future http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/isrfg-2016-symposium-preparing-the-rice-growing-of-the-future http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/isrfg-2016-symposium-preparing-the-rice-growing-of-the-future <p> CIRAD and the IRD are co-organizers of the 14th International Symposium on Rice Functional Genomics, to be held in Montpellier. From 26 to 29 September, more than 330 experts from 38 countries will be presenting their latest discoveries and taking stock of future challenges: with climate change threatening yields, how can we produce more while preserving both resources and the environment? </p> Wed, 21 Sep 2016 15:42:09 +0200 MOOC: "The basics of the epidemiology of animal diseases" http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/mooc-the-basics-of-the-epidemiology-of-animal-diseases http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/mooc-the-basics-of-the-epidemiology-of-animal-diseases <p> The first MOOC in &quot;The basics of the epidemiology of animal diseases&quot;, produced by CIRAD, starts on 10 October. It is open to all, but is particularly intended for students and professionals working in animal health and livestock production. A partnership with several veterinary colleges in the South will ensure dual certification for students. Registration on the France Université Numérique (FUN) Platform until 2 December 2016. An English version of the MOOC is planned for 2017. </p> Tue, 20 Sep 2016 10:06:01 +0200 Les services écosystémiques | Repenser les relations nature et société http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/les-services-ecosystemiques-repenser-les-relations-nature-et-societe http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/les-services-ecosystemiques-repenser-les-relations-nature-et-societe <p> Over the last ten years, the concept of &quot;ecosystem services&quot; has become an essential part of our vocabulary when talking about biodiversity. This book discusses the origins, causes and consequences of this notion; it delves into the origin and dissemination of the concept, its spread to different areas around the nation and its actual or potential implementation through instruments or policies. </p> Fri, 16 Sep 2016 11:36:47 +0200 Infectious animal diseases: a centre of excellence in the Caribbean http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/infectious-animal-diseases-a-centre-of-excellence-in-the-caribbean http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/infectious-animal-diseases-a-centre-of-excellence-in-the-caribbean <p> VIDEO. The European Epigenesis project was completed on 1 September. Through the new skills and equipment acquired over three years, it has supported the emergence in Guadeloupe of the Caribbean Centre for Research and Surveillance of Animal and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases. Find out more about the centre in this video. </p> Mon, 12 Sep 2016 15:58:14 +0200 Fruits Vol. 71, No. 4 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/fruits-vol.-71-no.-4 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/fruits-vol.-71-no.-4 <p> A new issue of the journal Fruits, published by EDP Sciences and CIRAD. </p> Fri, 02 Sep 2016 10:27:16 +0200 Mali: live poultry trade in Mali and emerging diseases http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/mali-live-poultry-trade-in-mali-and-emerging-diseases http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/mali-live-poultry-trade-in-mali-and-emerging-diseases <p> In Mali, live poultry markets are supplied by a multitude of small village farms. Their poor hygiene standards and animal overcrowding are highly conducive to the transmission of diseases such as Newcastle disease and avian influenza. How can the risks be limited? Based on a vast survey of markets in the country, researchers from CIRAD and their Malian partners have proposed simple, inexpensive measures to remedy this situation. Such as: not mixing different poultry species; not allowing poultry to wander freely on markets; isolating diseased or dead birds; and making visual inspections of the state of poultry on arrival at the market and refusing any diseased birds. The local authorities could also contribute to these efforts by providing water, electricity and disinfection equipment for the daily cleaning of cages and stands. </p> Tue, 30 Aug 2016 15:50:39 +0200 Wikwio, a collaborative web platform on tropical weed flora http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/wikwio-a-collaborative-web-platform-on-tropical-weed-flora http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/wikwio-a-collaborative-web-platform-on-tropical-weed-flora <p> CIRAD has developed a new collaborative tool for plant identification and knowledge sharing: Wikwio. This platform focuses on weed flora, in other words volunteer plants that compete with crops. The tool is aimed at helping farmers to improve their knowledge of these weeds in order to better manage them and to prevent yield losses. More than 400 weed species from the South-West Indian Ocean and Southern Africa are currently listed. </p> Tue, 30 Aug 2016 15:17:54 +0200 Mark Trotman: "CaribVET, a model of interaction between science and policy making" http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/questions-a/mark-trotman-caribvet-a-model-of-interaction-between-science-and-policy-making http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/questions-a/mark-trotman-caribvet-a-model-of-interaction-between-science-and-policy-making <p> <strong>VIDEO.</strong> Mark Trotman, Senior Veterinary Officer in Barbados, explains how the Caribbean animal health network, CaribVET, is structured and how the way it operates makes it a model of interaction between science and policy making in the veterinary field in the Caribbean. He details how the European Epigenesis project worked for three years to build health research and monitoring capacity within the network, via a partnership with CIRAD, the coordinator of the project, which has just come to an end. </p> Mon, 08 Aug 2016 15:41:12 +0200 Lost Worlds in Greenland: icearctic environment, migrating birds and avian influenza http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/lost-worlds-in-greenland http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/lost-worlds-in-greenland <p> A researcher from CIRAD is currently participating in an expedition to the Renland Peninsula, a little-known part of Greenland. The mission set out to collect scientific data on the impact of climate change. CIRAD's Nicolas Gaidet is looking into the role of the Arctic as an avian influenza virus storage and spread zone, and also at the impact of melting ice on arctic birds. </p> Mon, 08 Aug 2016 13:55:00 +0200 West Africa: innovative practices for restoring soil fertility and capturing carbon http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/innovative-practices-for-restoring-soil-fertility-and-capturing-carbon-in-west-africa http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/innovative-practices-for-restoring-soil-fertility-and-capturing-carbon-in-west-africa <p class="MsoNormal"> During a trip to West Africa by the French Minister of Agriculture, Stéphane Le Foll, CIRAD presented farming practices developed with its partners in Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast and Senegal. The practices are intended to boost soil fertility and carbon capture capacity, while contributing to the food security of local people. Some make use of traditional local know-how… </p> Wed, 03 Aug 2016 14:35:38 +0200 La prévention, seule arme efficace contre les méga-incendies en Indonésie http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/la-prevention-seule-arme-efficace-contre-les-mega-incendies-en-indonesie http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/la-prevention-seule-arme-efficace-contre-les-mega-incendies-en-indonesie <p> Régulièrement touché par d'immenses feux d’origine humaine et naturelle, l’archipel indonésien doit attaquer cette menace grandissante sur de multiples fronts en privilégiant la prévention. </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 15:18:12 +0200 Marcel Bursztyn: "Scientific networks: a very rewarding way of sharing experiences" http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/questions-a/marcel-bursztyn-scientific-networks-a-very-rewarding-way-of-sharing-experiences http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/questions-a/marcel-bursztyn-scientific-networks-a-very-rewarding-way-of-sharing-experiences <p class="MsoNormal"> Marcel Bursztyn is a socioeconomist and Director of Research at the University of Brasília. He has been working with CIRAD for more than 20 years, on topics relating to public environment and territorial development policy, and is coordinator of the Brazilian climate network. Here he is sharing his point of view about working in networks and his involvement in a platform in partnership for research and training (dP), Public Policy and Rural Development in Latin America (PP-AL). </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 12:56:01 +0200 CIRAD, along with its partners, is an ambassador for agro-ecology in Southeast Asia http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/cirad-along-with-its-partners-is-an-ambassador-for-agro-ecology-in-southeast-asia http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/cirad-along-with-its-partners-is-an-ambassador-for-agro-ecology-in-southeast-asia <p> Facilitating the drafting and implementation of agro-ecology principles and practices in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam. That is the aim of a recent general agreement signed by CIRAD President Managing Director Michel Eddi, on behalf of the organization, with the Laotian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 12:26:46 +0200 An exhibition, "Microportraits du peuple caché de nos cultures", in Madagascar http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/microportraits-du-peuple-cache-de-nos-cultures http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/microportraits-du-peuple-cache-de-nos-cultures <p> After Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues, a CIRAD exhibition of photographs of insects, &quot;Microportraits du peuple caché de nos cultures&quot;, will be touring Madagascar until November 2016, before ending its trip at the Montier-en-Der photo festival in France, from 17 to 20 November 2016. </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 12:01:36 +0200 La conservation des grains après récolte http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/la-conservation-des-grains-apres-recolte http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/la-conservation-des-grains-apres-recolte <p> Conservation of grain once harvested is a key issue in the fight against food shortages and hunger. Cereal losses may be as high as 30% of gross production due to poor conservation, storage or loss due to other factors. This book, a handy reference for all those working first-hand to reduce postharvest losses, discusses the different aspects of grain conservation: drying, storage and fighting insects and rodents. </p> Wed, 20 Jul 2016 14:28:14 +0200 An improved banana reference genome sequence http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/an-improved-banana-reference-genome-sequence http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/an-improved-banana-reference-genome-sequence <p class="MsoNormal"> After publishing the complete sequence for the banana <em>Musa acuminata</em> four years ago, CIRAD and its partners have now produced an improved reference sequence. This new version of the reference genome for <em>Musa acuminata</em> is a more effective tool for the functional, evolutionary and structural analysis of banana genomes. It is now available to the scientific community on the Banana Genome Hub. Using semi-automatic bioinformatics tools, they conducted high quality assemblies that will serve to study this species, which is the origin of all edible banana varieties, in greater detail. This work also has other consequences for research, since the bioinformatics tools developed can be used to improve genome assembly for other species. </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> </p> Tue, 19 Jul 2016 16:42:00 +0200 Coffee-based systems in Costa Rica: striking a balance between pests, diseases, yields and ecosystem services http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/coffee-in-costa-rica-balance-between-pests-diseases-yields-and-ecosystem-services http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/coffee-in-costa-rica-balance-between-pests-diseases-yields-and-ecosystem-services <p> In complex cropping systems, pests and diseases are involved in numerous interactions that contribute to the way these systems function and to the ecosystem services they provide. To understand these relationships, CIRAD’s teams and their partners have examined the case of coffee-based agroecosystems in Costa Rica, taking into account all pests and diseases, from a systemic agronomy approach. This research shows that in some cases, cropping system diversification may increase the quantity of ecosystem services and thereby offset the high incidence of pests and diseases and enable producers to increase their income. </p> Tue, 19 Jul 2016 16:23:33 +0200 La sécurisation foncière en Afrique http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/la-securisation-fonciere-en-afrique http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/la-securisation-fonciere-en-afrique <p> This new edition is a reprint of the 1996 edition, with an updated supplement containing feedback on various experiences that demonstrates the new place now occupied by commons. Readers will encounter the issues that have now become commonplace for observers of land tenure. </p> Tue, 19 Jul 2016 11:05:36 +0200 Web-based disease surveillance: a tool to prevent the spread of animal diseases http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/web-based-disease-surveillance-a-tool-to-prevent-the-spread-of-animal-diseases http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/web-based-disease-surveillance-a-tool-to-prevent-the-spread-of-animal-diseases <p> Animal disease surveillance, especially early detection of emerging disease outbreaks worldwide, is one of the means of preventing diseases from being introduced into France. Against this backdrop, CIRAD, ANSES and the French Directorate General for Food have created a web-based automatic disease surveillance system under the national epidemiological surveillance platform for animal health. Five tropical animal diseases are currently being monitored: African swine fever, avian influenza, bluetongue disease, foot and mouth disease and Schmallenberg virus. This system retrieves textual data, extracts relevant information and reinterprets this information as maps and spatiotemporal series. Recent research conducted at CIRAD means that the results can now be weighted according to data sources. The tool, which has been developed since 2013, is reactive, interactive and precise. It supplements official sources from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). </p> Mon, 18 Jul 2016 18:07:31 +0200 2015 Annual Report: stocktake and prospects http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/2015-annual-report-stocktake-and-prospects http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/2015-annual-report-stocktake-and-prospects <p> A look back at 2015 with the publication of the French version of the CIRAD Annual Report, containing the institutional highlights and a selection of almost forty research results. The report also contains a focus on climate change, which - for obvious reasons - was the topic chosen for the year. Through a series of major events - Paris International Agricultural Show, Climate-Smart Agriculture conference, and Under our Common Future conference, culminating in COP21 - but also the launch of the 4 per 1000 initiative, CIRAD proved its commitment to the topic. The report also contains indicators, an organizational chart, maps and addresses for CIRAD facilities worldwide as of 1 June 2016. </p> <p> The English version will be out later in the year. </p> Wed, 06 Jul 2016 12:19:50 +0200