CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Les quatre gagnants du concours ‪Challenge Climat‬ sur le stand Cirad-AFD au Salon international de l'agriculture <p> L’AFD et le Cirad ont lancé le premier concours international « Challenge Climat Agriculture et Forêts », encourageant l’innovation agricole et forestière pour lutter contre le dérèglement climatique. Parmi 550 candidatures, 12 projets lauréats ont été retenus dans quatre thématiques. Le jury final, présidé par Brice Lalonde, a sélectionné les quatre projets les plus novateurs dans chacune des catégories. </p> Fri, 27 Feb 2015 11:36:30 +0100 Changement climatique et agricultures du monde <p> A collective work on current research into the issues of concern for farming and farmers in couthern countries in the wake of climate change. There is much uncertainty and also many questions, but there are some solutions, as diverse as new farming practices, agricultural waste recycling, diagnosis of emerging diseases and payments for ecosystem services. These are innovative prospects for the farming systems of the future, supplemented by a critical look at alll the major &quot;manoeuvres&quot; under way and what this means for research. </p> Tue, 17 Feb 2015 12:28:51 +0100 SIA 2015: daily debates on the topic of agriculture and climate <p> Save the date: during the Paris Internationa Agricultural Show, from 21 February to 1 March, a series of debates and round tables (mostly in French) will be led each day by researchers from CIRAD and the AFD, on the topic of agriculture and climate change. see you on the CIRAD-AFD stand on &quot;Agriculture and the climate challenge&quot;, Hall 4, aisle B, stand 112. Entry free. </p> Tue, 17 Feb 2015 12:27:19 +0100 Albicidin, an antibiotic of the future? <p class="MsoNormal"> A team from CIRAD, in collaboration with the Technical University of Berlin, recently characterized the structure of albicidin, an antibiotic produced by bacterial pathogen of sugarcane. This powerful antibiotic has been shown to be active against difficult-to-treat bacteria, and even those responsible for hospital-acquired infections. Its structure and mode of action make it a novel, highly promising molecule. </p> Wed, 11 Feb 2015 15:47:00 +0100 CIRAD and INRA federate their international relations <p class="MsoNormal"> On 6 February 2015, François Houllier, President of INRA, and Michel Eddi, CIRAD President Managing Director, signed an agreement creating a joint support unit for International Relations (UMA-RI). This novel structure will federate both institutes’ international cooperation actions </p> Mon, 09 Feb 2015 11:29:46 +0100 Un parcours dans les mondes de la recherche agronomique. L'Inra et le Cirad <p> This issue of <em>Histoire de la recherche contemporaine</em> contains the first part of a report on the respective histories of CIRAD and INRA, and more particularly the role of these two organizations in relations between science and society. It was produced by the joint INRA-CIRAD History Committee, and sets out to recount and explain the history of these two leading global agricultural research players. The articles on offer look from various standpoints at how this targeted research has changed. </p> Fri, 06 Feb 2015 14:36:11 +0100 Perspective No. 31. Urban agriculture support policies in West Africa. Taking account of informal arrangements <p> This new issue of Perspective highlights the informal arrangements between crop farmers, livestock farmers, agro-industry and the authorities that sustain urban agriculture in Africa. It argues in favour of taking account of such arrangements in the support policies from which this type of agriculture benefits and in town planning schemes. Urban agriculture has developed significantly in Africa since independence and the exodus towards towns. Moreover, over the past twenty years or so, many international organizations and programmes have stressed the many advantages of urban agriculture in developing countries: it creates jobs and thus income, it produces food, and it improves the environment and living conditions. </p> Wed, 04 Feb 2015 17:04:34 +0100 CIRAD at SIA 2015: agriculture and the climate challenge <p> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> From 21 February to 1 March 2015, CIRAD will be taking part in the Paris International Agricultural Show (SIA), Parc des expositions, Hall 4, aisle B, stand 112, on a joint stand with the AFD, in partnership with France Médias Monde, on the topic of agriculture and the climate change challenge. </p> Wed, 04 Feb 2015 16:07:06 +0100 Urban agriculture in Vietnam: when training guarantees quality <p class="MsoNormal"> Collective action on the part of producers can play a vital role in food product quality. Its efficacy was studied recently with respect to market gardeners in the Hanoi region, Vietnam, by researchers from CIRAD, INRA and their partners. Their conclusions confirm those of previous work: the technical training given to members by producers' associations plays a determining role in ensuring food sanitary quality. </p> Wed, 04 Feb 2015 16:04:22 +0100 2015: CIRAD takes a close look at the challenges facing agriculture in the wake of climate change <p> The issue of agriculture in the wake of climate change will be centre-stage in 2015. The high point of the year will be the 21st Conference of the Parties to UN Convention on Climate Change (COP21), in Paris-Le Bourget from 30 November to 11 December. This issue is particularly acute for developing tropical countries, with their large numbers of farmers and high poverty levels. In such countries, making their people less vulnerable and ensuring their food security are top priorities. To shed light on these questions, CIRAD teams will be expressing their expert opinions on the national and international stage throughout 2015. </p> Wed, 04 Feb 2015 15:08:10 +0100 3rd Global Science Conference on Climate-Smart Agriculture <p> The 3rd Global Science Conference on Climate-Smart Agriculture is to be held in Montpellier, France, from 16 to 18 March 2015. This major event is intended to supplement and update the existing scientific knowledge of the range of issues surrounding climate-smart agriculture. It will serve to establish a future research agenda, support decision-making and propose action. </p> Mon, 02 Feb 2015 15:19:50 +0100 Diversité des agricultures familiales <p> The book <em>Diversité des agricultures familiales</em> sets out to explain the nature and the strength of links between the family and the farm. It is constructed around nearly twenty case studies in miscellaneous countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and Europe. The authors clarify &quot;what makes a family&quot;, analyse the changes in the nature of families and put them into perspective with the territorial context and public policies in each country. </p> Fri, 30 Jan 2015 09:56:04 +0100 The English version of the book Agricultures familiales et mondes à venir is now out <p> A book, <em>Agricultures familiales et mondes à venir, </em> written by CIRAD researchers to mark the International Year of Family Farming which ended recently, is now available in English under the title <em>Family Farming and the Worlds to Come</em> <em>.</em> It takes a fresh look at the approaches most widely used to analyse and understand family farming, which lies at the very heart of the world's farming systems. </p> Fri, 30 Jan 2015 09:47:30 +0100 The CIRAD water, soil and plant analysis laboratory website <p> Do you need soil, water or plant material analyses? An analysis method that needs improving or adapting? Do you want to train in soil, water or plant analysis? You will find a host of useful information on the CIRAD water, soil and plant analysis laboratory website. </p> Fri, 30 Jan 2015 09:18:10 +0100 The end of the International Year of Family Farming: CIRAD is involved in several projects <p> The International Year of Family Farming is now over, but concrete action must now be taken. This was the conclusion opf a report on France's involvement in the Year, submitted to the government on 26 January 2015. CIRAD, for which family farming represents 30 years' work and commitment, is involved in several major projects mentioned in the report. </p> Thu, 29 Jan 2015 15:31:19 +0100 A platform to promote and support local smallholder innovations <p> A new collaborative platform has set out to identify, study and promote local innovations by smallholders in southern countries. Studies of these innovations should serve to design new agricultural knowledge and innovation systems, with a view to supporting the development of family farming. </p> Thu, 29 Jan 2015 15:22:59 +0100 Soil-plant transfers of trace elements: a standard biological test <p> The RHIZOtest was recently granted an ISO standard. This biotest, which was developed by CIRAD and INRA, measures trace element transfers between the soil and plants with a view to assessing the eco-toxicological risks. The standard validates both the tool and the methodology, and should pave the way for numerous applications. </p> Tue, 27 Jan 2015 16:12:49 +0100 Sugarcane bioproducts <p> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> From sugar to bioenergies through building insulation, bioplastics and medicines, sugarcane has a range of advantages, with high productivity combined with its wide range of varieties and potential that has yet to be exploited. </p> Tue, 20 Jan 2015 14:53:37 +0100 AFD and CIRAD are partners in research and innovation in favour of farming systems in the South <p> The Agence Française de Développement (AFD), represented by its CEO, Anne Paugam, and the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD), represented by its President Managing Director, Michel Eddi, in the presence of Annick Girardin, Secretary of State for Development and French-Speaking Countries, signed a general partnership agreement in Paris on 14 January that is intended to foster the generation of knowledhge and promotion of innovations in favour of agricultural supply chains and rural areas in developing southern countries. </p> Thu, 15 Jan 2015 12:28:30 +0100 Pox and peste des petits ruminants: a bivalent vaccine capable of overcoming acquired immunity <p> In Africa, the Middle East and Asia, pox and peste des petits ruminants cause heavy losses on goat and sheep farms. A bivalent vaccine effective against both pox and PPR was developed recently by a team from CIRAD. However, as is the case with other vaccine vectors, there were fears that its efficacy might be limited by pre-immunity, or immunity already acquired against one of the two diseases in regions where they are endemic. To test this hypothesis, virologists from CIRAD and their partners conducted a series of experiments on goats already immunized against one virus or the other and then vaccinated. Their results showed that while the protection provided by the vaccine against pox did not vary in animals pre-immunized against PPR, that against PPR fell significantly if animals were pre-immunized against pox. In view of these results, the CIRAD virologists are now looking to develop new generations of vaccines and draft strategies to overcome the issue of pre-immunity. </p> Thu, 15 Jan 2015 12:15:02 +0100