CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = http://www.cirad.fr - Langue = eng-GB http://www.cirad.fr/en/rss/cirad-actualites-news eng-GB Antimicrobials in agriculture: reducing their use while limiting health and socioeconomic risks in the countries of the South http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/perspective-no.-39-antimicrobials-in-agriculture-f.-roger-c.-ducrot http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/perspective-no.-39-antimicrobials-in-agriculture-f.-roger-c.-ducrot <p> While there are numerous measures restricting the use of antimicrobials on livestock farms in industrialized countries, this is not the case in southern countries. On the contrary, their use has been boosted by the growing demand for animal protein and the boom in intensive livestock farming. This has led to a serious problem: antimicrobial resistance. This new issue of <em>Perspective</em> deciphers the complexity and impacts of the phenomenon. It suggests lines of research aimed at reducing or rationalizing antimicrobial use, in the interests of people in the most vulnerable regions. </p> Fri, 19 May 2017 17:03:21 +0200 Baobabs, those enigmatic giants http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/fascination-of-plants-day-2017-baobabs http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/fascination-of-plants-day-2017-baobabs <p> To mark Fascination of Plants Day, CIRAD invites you on a trip into the mysterious world of baobabs. These fascinating giants of Madagascar make up a biological heritage not found anywhere else in the world. Discover their secrets and their unexpected uses, along with the threats they face. </p> Wed, 17 May 2017 16:59:06 +0200 Pascal Danthu: "Baobabs are magnificent trees. You can never be indifferent to them" http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/questions-a/pascal-danthu-baobabs http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/questions-a/pascal-danthu-baobabs <p> For more than twenty years now, baobabs have been a passion for Pascal Danthu, an ecologist with CIRAD. Over the past ten years, he has been working with colleagues from Madagascar on research projects aimed at filling in the gaps in our scientific knowledge of this mysterious tree, of which six of the nine recorded species are endemic to Madagascar. Discover that passion through a portrait produced to mark <a href="http://www.plantday.org/france.htm" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">Fascination of Plants Day 2017</a>. </p> Wed, 17 May 2017 16:41:34 +0200 Construire des politiques alimentaires urbaines http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/construire-des-politiques-alimentaires-urbaines http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/construire-des-politiques-alimentaires-urbaines <p> The book <em>Construire des politiques alimentaires urbaines</em> describes the existing conceptual frameworks for analyses of urban food policies, at the crossroads between the concepts of food systems and sustainable urban areas. It serves as a basis for identifying research topics, in relation with initiatives taken by urban local governments in North and South. </p> Tue, 16 May 2017 17:48:19 +0200 Pl@ntNet is expanding to cover North America http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/plantnet-has-expanded http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/plantnet-has-expanded <p> Pl@ntNet now covers the flora of North America, the tropical Andes and the eastern Mediterranean, in addition to Western Europe and North Africa. The plant recognition app also works for French Guiana and various tropical islands in the Pacific (Hawaii), the Caribbean (Guadeloupe) and the Indian Ocean (Réunion, Mauritius). Users in those régions can now recognize several thousand wild plant species, while supplementing the system with their own photos. </p> Mon, 15 May 2017 11:31:52 +0200 Agro-ecology | Public policy under scrutiny from research http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/agro-ecology-public-policy-under-scrutiny-from-research http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/agro-ecology-public-policy-under-scrutiny-from-research <p> An analysis by the &quot;Public Policy and Rural Development in Latin America&quot; Platform in Partnership for Research and Training identified three types of pathways that lead to the adoption of public policies in favour of agro-ecology. This is of particular interest for civil society organizations and decision-makers. The results are due to be covered by a book to be published in 2017. They will also give rise to an international symposium in October and the launch of a more in-depth research project. </p> Fri, 05 May 2017 20:23:16 +0200 Insectes et acariens des cultures maraîchères en milieu tropical humide http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/insectes-et-acariens-des-cultures-maraicheres http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/insectes-et-acariens-des-cultures-maraicheres <p> Insects and spider mites do significant damage to vegetable crops in all tropical regions around the world. Today, agro-ecological crop protection methods such as biological control are recommended. This work, a veritable handbook, features 22 factsheets describing the major groups of arthropods: pests and natural enemies (predators and parasitoids). The bio-ecology of these groups and the means at our disposal to control pests are detailed along with many photographs. </p> Wed, 26 Apr 2017 16:34:31 +0200 CIRAD supports the March for Science http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/cirad-supports-the-march-for-science http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/cirad-supports-the-march-for-science <p> Along with the National Research Alliance for the Environment, AllEnvi, of which it is a founding member, CIRAD is supporting the March for Science to be held worldwide on 22 April. </p> Fri, 14 Apr 2017 15:26:38 +0200 Agricultural research and training: the AUF and CIRAD renew their partnership http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/auf-cirad-partnership-renewed http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/auf-cirad-partnership-renewed <p> CIRAD and the Agence universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF) signed a general partnership agreement this friday 14 April, with a view to strengthening scientific partnerships within the French-speaking world in the fields of agricultural training and research. </p> Fri, 14 Apr 2017 11:30:24 +0200 Rural territories, a prime site for change http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/a-look-back-at-a-conference-on-living-rural-territories http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/a-look-back-at-a-conference-on-living-rural-territories <p> Territories are secure places in which stakeholders are rediscovering their power, places for dialogue and social cohesion, and places for innovative economic partnerships, and bear witness to the resurgence of the local level in an increasingly fragmented world. These were the key messages put across at a conference, <em>Des territoires ruraux vivants pour transformer le monde,</em> organized by CIRAD and the AFD on 27 February 2017 during the Paris International Agricultural Show. Watch interviews with four of the contributors, illustrating the novel role played by territories in sustainable development against a backdrop of globalization (videos in French). </p> Wed, 12 Apr 2017 12:35:33 +0200 BREEDCAFS, an EU research project adapting coffee varieties for agroforestry http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/breedcafs-new-coffee-varieties-for-agroforestry http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/science/breedcafs-new-coffee-varieties-for-agroforestry <p> Agroforestry is one way of adapting coffee production to climate change, but few varieties are suitable. BREEDCAFS, a new project led by CIRAD and funded by the EU H2020 programme, aims to diversify the range of varieties available for this more sustainable production method. Two European roasters will be involved in choosing varieties over the course of the project, which is due to begin in April. They will be put in contact with coffee growers practising agroforestry in Nicaragua, El Salvador, Vietnam and Cameroon. </p> Tue, 04 Apr 2017 14:29:28 +0200 4th World Congress on Agroforestry: Strengthening Links between Science, Society and Policy http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/4th-world-congress-on-agroforestry http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/events/4th-world-congress-on-agroforestry <p> Montpellier has been chosen to host the 4th World Congress on Agroforestry from 20 to 25 May 2019. Organization of the congress, which is held every five years and has never previously been held in Europe, will be led by CIRAD and INRA, in partnership with Agropolis International. More than a thousand participants from both temperate and tropical zones all over the world are expected. They will be discussing the issues surrounding agroforestry, notably the way in which research results can fuel societal debate and public decision-making. </p> Mon, 03 Apr 2017 14:28:27 +0200 Sustainable Agricultural Landscapes in Southeast Asia: A successful launch for the SALSA partnership platform in Malaysia and Indonesia http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/a-successful-launch-for-the-salsa-partnership-platform-in-malaysia-and-indonesia http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/a-successful-launch-for-the-salsa-partnership-platform-in-malaysia-and-indonesia <p> Michel Eddi, CEO of CIRAD, joined the President of the French Republic François Hollande during his State visit to Southeast Asia on March 28-30, 2017. On this occasion, he initiated with several CIRAD partners the construction of the SALSA (Sustainable Agricultural Landscapes in Southeast Asia) platform in partnership dedicated to the sustainability of perennial crop systems throughout the region. The launch of this ambitious scientific platform, in which training will be a pivotal component, was formalized by the signing of two multilateral agreements, under the patronage of the French Head of State, in the presence of the Prime Minister of the Malaysian Government and the President of the Republic of Indonesia. </p> Fri, 31 Mar 2017 10:03:15 +0200 Supporting cooperation between the EU and Africa on digital infrastructures for higher education and research http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/digital-infrastructures-boosting-cooperation-between-the-eu-and-africa http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/digital-infrastructures-boosting-cooperation-between-the-eu-and-africa <p> <strong>On 29 March 2017, Abidjan hosted the feedback meeting for the <a href="http://www.tandem-wacren.eu/" title="TANDEM (nouvelle fenêtre)" target="_blank">TANDEM</a> (<em>TransAfrican Network Development</em> ) project. The project, funded by the European Commission, set out to boost cooperation between the EU and West and Central Africa on digital infrastructures for higher education and research.</strong> </p> Wed, 29 Mar 2017 10:32:35 +0200 The CIRAD website is now mobile-friendly http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/the-cirad-website-is-now-mobile-friendly http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/the-cirad-website-is-now-mobile-friendly <p> The CIRAD website is now available in a version optimized for smartphone screens. This mobile version is easier to navigate and more comfortable to read, to facilitate access to information. This is an advantage for anyone wanting to know more about CIRAD, particularly in Africa, where for want of other infrastructures, information is primaily accessed via smartphones. </p> Wed, 22 Mar 2017 10:19:52 +0100 Transformations agricoles et agroalimentaires - Entre écologie et capitalisme http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/transformations-agricoles-et-agroalimentaires http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2017/ca-vient-de-sortir/transformations-agricoles-et-agroalimentaires <p> This work provides a synthesis of recent research on the evolution of agriculture and food in a capitalist system. It is based on approaches not well known in France such as international political economics and ecological economics.<br />It studies agricultural processing in terms of ecology, history and geopolitics and traces specific aspects of agriculture and food in the 21st century. Lastly, it proposes theoretical approaches with a view to renewing the agricultural economy. </p> Fri, 17 Mar 2017 17:21:59 +0100 PROIntensAfrica: Building blocks for a research partnership between Europe and Africa http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/prointensafrica-building-blocks-for-a-research-partnership-between-europe-and-africa http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/prointensafrica-building-blocks-for-a-research-partnership-between-europe-and-africa <p> <strong>The expected growth of the world population to 9 billion in 2050 and the changing diets will affect food availability drastically. Therefore improving food and nutrition security and ensuring the sustainability of agriculture is a global issue for the years to come. African and European researchers have agreed to jointly engage in the preparation of a new, long-term and ambitious partnership to solve these issues. </strong> </p> Thu, 16 Mar 2017 11:41:33 +0100 Animal disease management: when efficacy rhymes with acceptability http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/animal-disease-management-when-efficacy-rhymes-with-acceptability http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/animal-disease-management-when-efficacy-rhymes-with-acceptability <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>The efficacy of animal disease surveillance systems depends primarily on the quality of the data gathered in the field, yet the factors that influence their quality are seldom assessed. Two studies in Vietnam and Germany by researchers from CIRAD and their partners have revealed that it is vital to take account of socioeconomic and cultural parameters to limit the bias linked to under-declaration of diseases. This innovative economic evaluation work could serve as a basis for the authorities to improve surveillance systems, and the integrated approach taken could rapidly be transposed and adapted to current crises (avian influenza) or potential threats (African swine fever, lumpy skin disease).</strong> </p> Tue, 07 Mar 2017 16:01:36 +0100 CIRAD and the French Alliance for Sustainable Palm Oil have agreed on a three-year partnership http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/cirad-and-the-french-alliance-for-sustainable-palm-oil-have-agreed-on-a-three-year-partnership http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/cirad-and-the-french-alliance-for-sustainable-palm-oil-have-agreed-on-a-three-year-partnership <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Paris, 27 February 2017. During the Paris International Agricultural Show, Michel Eddi, President Managing Director of the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD), and Guillaume Réveilhac, President of the French Alliance for Sustainable Palm Oil, announced the signing of a three-year partnership agreement, in front of an audience of NGOs and representatives of public authorities. The partnership will draw on CIRAD's expertise to support the Alliance's work with its members to develop the sustainable palm oil chain and protect biodiversity in Southeast Asia.</strong> </p> Tue, 28 Feb 2017 17:07:16 +0100 CIRAD and the ENVT join forces to train animal health managers in the South http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/signing-cirad-envt-training-for-animal-health-managers-in-the-south http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2017/signing-cirad-envt-training-for-animal-health-managers-in-the-south <p> CIRAD President Managing Director Michel Eddi and Isabelle Chmitelin, Dean of the Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse (ENVT), signed a general agreement on 27 February for cooperation on training, research and expertise over the coming five years. The aim is to promote their complementarities and foster collaboration and synergies with a view to establishing a long-term partnership in the field of animal health and of its possible consequences for human health. </p> Mon, 27 Feb 2017 16:28:03 +0100