CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = http://www.cirad.fr - Langue = eng-GB http://www.cirad.fr/en/rss/cirad-actualites-news eng-GB Agrimonde − Terra : les voies étroites de la sécurité alimentaire mondiale http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/agrimonde-terra-les-voies-etroites-de-la-securite-alimentaire-mondi http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/agrimonde-terra-les-voies-etroites-de-la-securite-alimentaire-mondi <p> Comment évolueront les surfaces agricoles dans les prochaines décennies ? Sous l’influence de quels facteurs ? Comment s’exprimeront les tensions entre sécurité alimentaire et atténuation du changement climatique ? Élaborée par des scientifiques du Cirad et de l’Inra avec l’appui d’experts internationaux, l’étude prospective Agrimonde − Terra tente de répondre à ces questions grâce à cinq scénarios d’évolution des usages des terres et de la sécurité alimentaire. </p> Fri, 24 Jun 2016 17:15:57 +0200 Bois modifiés thermiquement : un contrôle de qualité adapté au contexte industriel http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/bois-modifies-thermiquement-un-controle-de-qualite-adapte-au-contexte-industriel http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/bois-modifies-thermiquement-un-controle-de-qualite-adapte-au-contexte-industriel <p> La modification thermique du bois consiste à chauffer le matériau plusieurs heures à haute température. Ce traitement confère au bois de nouvelles propriétés chimiques et mécaniques, en particulier une meilleure résistance aux pourritures. Mais ces propriétés diffèrent selon les modalités du traitement et selon les essences et les produits, finis ou non, issus du bois naturel. Les propriétés des bois traités peuvent donc être très différentes d'une entreprise à une autre et il est indispensable d'en contrôler la qualité. Pour assurer un contrôle qualité de ces bois, le Cirad et ses partenaires ont identifié les méthodes les mieux adaptées au contexte industriel telles que comme la spectroscopie, la thermogravimétrie, les analyses chimiques et les essais mécaniques. Ils ont pour cela mené une vaste étude bibliographique sur les méthodes d’analyse de la qualité des bois modifiés thermiquement, leurs avantages, leurs inconvénients et, surtout, leur possibilité d’installation chez les industriels. </p> Wed, 22 Jun 2016 16:27:06 +0200 Le Cirad participe à la Nuit de l'Agro-écologie http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/nuit-de-l-agro-ecologie http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/nuit-de-l-agro-ecologie <p> Le Cirad participe à la Nuit de l'Agro-écologie le 23 juin à 18h à Montpellier SupAgro. Au programme de la soirée : des présentations d'un MOOC en Agro-écologie et d'une innovation en protection agroécologique des cultures maraîchères, et un débat &quot;L'Agro-écologie : effet de mode ou projet de société ?&quot;. </p> Mon, 20 Jun 2016 12:37:55 +0200 International Conference, 12-14 Dec. 2016 | Agri-Chains and Sustainable Development: linking local and global dynamics http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/agri-chains-and-sustainable-development-linking-local-and-global-dynamics http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/agri-chains-and-sustainable-development-linking-local-and-global-dynamics <p> CIRAD is working with a range of partners to organize an international conference on &quot;Agri-Chains and Sustainable Development: linking local and global dynamics&quot;. The aim of the event is to debate the role of agricultural value chains in translating the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into reality. Up to 250 development researchers and players are expected to attend, from 12 to 14 December 2016. </p> Fri, 17 Jun 2016 15:57:57 +0200 Dictionnaire des sciences animales http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/dictionnaire-des-sciences-animales http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/dictionnaire-des-sciences-animales <p> This on-line animal science dictionary, produced by CIRAD, comprises more than 31 000 articles on words and expressions directly concerning animals, or linked to animals, such as their ecosystems and husbandry, particularly in warm régions. It is illustrated by more than 9000 photos and drawings. </p> Fri, 10 Jun 2016 12:14:55 +0200 Bois et forêts des tropiques No. 327 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/bois-et-forets-des-tropiques-no.-327 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/bois-et-forets-des-tropiques-no.-327 <p> A new issue of the journal <em>Bois et forêts des Tropiques,</em> published by CIRAD. All items are free to access on <a href="http://bft.cirad.fr/" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">the website of the magazine</a>. </p> Fri, 10 Jun 2016 11:50:09 +0200 European Development Days 2016 | Evaluating the sustainability of agricultural value chains and rethinking their transformations http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/evaluating-the-sustainability-of-agricultural-value-chains-and-rethinking-their-transformations http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/evaluating-the-sustainability-of-agricultural-value-chains-and-rethinking-their-transformations <p> CIRAD will be at the European Development Days, taking place next 15th and 16th June in Brussels. The EDD will focus on the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. CIRAD will be organizing, in partnership with the Secretariat of ACP Countries, a lab debate about the evaluation of tropical agricultural value chains with regards to sustainable development and their transformative potential towards sustainability. </p> Tue, 07 Jun 2016 11:22:37 +0200 ATBC 2016: Reconciling conservation and sustainable use of tropical biodiversity http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/atbc-2016-reconciling-conservation-and-sustainable-use-of-tropical-biodiversity http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/atbc-2016-reconciling-conservation-and-sustainable-use-of-tropical-biodiversity <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>From 19 to 23 June 2016, more than 700 experts from 51 countries will be in Montpellier for the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation (ATBC), co-organized by CIRAD. The aim? To find the answer to a crucial question: &quot;How can we reconcile conservation and sustainable use of tropical biodiversity?&quot;. </strong> </p> Mon, 06 Jun 2016 18:26:44 +0200 CIRAD and the authorities in Martinique have joined forces http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/cirad-ctm-general-agreement http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/cirad-ctm-general-agreement <p> CIRAD's President Managing Director and the President of the Executive Council of the local authority in Martinique signed a general agreement in May. Through its research and expertise, CIRAD will be supporting the authority's agricultural development and sustainable resource management policy, for the benefit of the island as a whole. </p> Thu, 02 Jun 2016 11:55:21 +0200 Jobs | CIRAD announces 30 new vacancies http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/jobs-cirad-announces-30-new-vacancies http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/jobs-cirad-announces-30-new-vacancies <p> Employment is a major priority for CIRAD, which recently announced a first wave of 30 new job vacancies as of May 2016. The posts concern a wide range of professional fields, in both research units and support services. A further 15 or so vacancies are due to be announced in a second recruitment drive this autumn. </p> Thu, 26 May 2016 16:40:19 +0200 The Agrimonde-Terra foresight study: what land for world food security in 2050? http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/agrimonde-terra-foresight http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/agrimonde-terra-foresight <p class="MsoNormal"> How could land-use throughout the world change by 2050? What can be done to reconcile population pressure, urbanisation, lifestyle changes, climate change, energy demand and world food security? The Agrimonde-Terra foresight study, conducted by CIRAD and INRA, will launch discussions on five regionalised scenarios of land use throughout the world on 24 June in Paris. </p> Wed, 25 May 2016 16:21:39 +0200 GCARD 3: orchestrating global agricultural research for greater impact http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/gcard-3 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/gcard-3 <p class="MsoNormal"> For its third edition, the Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development (GCARD) chose to highlight impact and scaling up, with a view to alleviating hunger and poverty worldwide, along with greenhouse gas emissions. CIRAD was heavily involved in organizing this event. </p> Wed, 25 May 2016 11:55:50 +0200 Impact assessment, a change in perspective and approach as regards research http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/impact-assessment-a-change-in-perspective-and-approach-as-regards-research http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/impact-assessment-a-change-in-perspective-and-approach-as-regards-research <p> Following the recent publication of the 9th statement from the INRA-CIRAD Ethics Committee on the ethical aspects of assessing the impacts of agricultural research, CIRAD President Managing Director Michel Eddi talks about CIRAD's &quot;Innovation-Impact&quot; project, launched in 2014. In particular, he stresses how the statement validates several fundamental choices made by CIRAD, such as recognition of the long term in impact mechanisms, the involvement of the various stakeholders in assessments and the importance of developing an &quot;impact culture&quot;, a shift that CIRAD initiated at the very start of the project. </p> Mon, 23 May 2016 12:29:35 +0200 Logging roads: they disrupt forests, but foster the regeneration of logged trees http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/logging-roads-foster-the-regeneration-of-logged-trees http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/logging-roads-foster-the-regeneration-of-logged-trees <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Work by researchers from CIRAD and the University of Bangor has shown that in the Congo Basin, in 30 years, almost 90% of the roads built by forestry firms have been abandoned and successfully recolonized by vegetation. These results demonstrate that the environmental impact of disused roads is less marked than expected, but also show that biomass production remains affected for a substantial period of time.</strong> </p> Wed, 18 May 2016 17:54:17 +0200 The ethical aspects of assessing the impacts of public agricultural research http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/the-ethical-aspects-of-assessing-the-impacts-of-public-agricultural-research http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/the-ethical-aspects-of-assessing-the-impacts-of-public-agricultural-research <p> The ninth and latest statement by the INRA-CIRAD Ethics Committee concerns assessment of the impacts of public agricultural research. Such assessments serve to prove the commitment to social and environmental responsibility of public research organizations. </p> Wed, 18 May 2016 17:13:31 +0200 Emergence de maladies infectieuses http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/emergence-de-maladies-infectieuses http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/emergence-de-maladies-infectieuses <p> SARS, avian influenza, the Ebola virus and MERS-CoV are the object of increasing attention on the part of scientists, risk managers, the media and the general public. In this book, specialists analyse the ecological, social, institutional and political dynamics associated with emerging infectious diseases. They explain the challenges faced and also the opportunities that are now being seized by the players faced with such diseases. </p> Mon, 09 May 2016 17:50:35 +0200 Les transformations des politiques de coopération http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/les-transformations-des-politiques-de-cooperation http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/les-transformations-des-politiques-de-cooperation <p> By means of a multi-disciplinary approach, this book presents the profound changes in development aid policy in the so-called northern States. In particular, it sets out the complex processes that govern aid policy, taking account of many levels (multilateral, bilateral and local) and of the interactions between players with differing behaviour patterns and interests. </p> Wed, 04 May 2016 16:11:04 +0200 Organic waste recycling: how to reduce the risks of ecotoxicity for soils http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/organic-waste-recycling-and-ecotoxicity-for-soils http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/organic-waste-recycling-and-ecotoxicity-for-soils <p> Researchers from CIRAD and their African partners tested the toxicity of certain types of organic waste on soils around Dakar, where market gardening is particularly widely practised. Their results showed that applying those types of organic waste increased levels of certain trace metals – zinc, copper, lead, etc – in the soils concerned. To reduce the risks of ecotoxicity, the researchers recommend diversifying the types of waste applied and adjusting the doses used. </p> Wed, 04 May 2016 15:57:33 +0200 Tatajuba, a Guianan wood that could compete with teak… http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/tatajuba http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/tatajuba <p class="MsoNormal"> Tatajuba is a durable, relatively dense wood that is also highly stable in use, in other words largely insensitive to variations in relative humidity. It draws that stability from metabolites produced when the sapwood* is converted into heartwood. This was recently demonstrated by researchers from the CNRS and CIRAD, who published their results in <em>PloS One</em> . </p> Fri, 29 Apr 2016 10:25:14 +0200 Voies lactées, e-book version http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/voies-lactees-e-book-version http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/voies-lactees-e-book-version <p class="MsoNormal"> After the paperback version, here is the e-book version of Voies lactées: dynamique des bassins laitiers entre globalisation et territorialisation. The book uses a trip through the world's dairy basins to illustrate the changes in livestock farming systems. </p> Thu, 28 Apr 2016 16:59:32 +0200