CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Mark Trotman: "CaribVET, a model of interaction between science and policy making" <p> <strong>VIDEO.</strong> Mark Trotman, Senior Veterinary Officer in Barbados, explains how the Caribbean animal health network, CaribVET, is structured and how the way it operates makes it a model of interaction between science and policy making in the veterinary field in the Caribbean. He details how the European Epigenesis project worked for three years to build health research and monitoring capacity within the network, via a partnership with CIRAD, the coordinator of the project, which has just come to an end. </p> Mon, 08 Aug 2016 15:41:12 +0200 Lost Worlds in Greenland: icearctic environment, migrating birds and avian influenza <p> A researcher from CIRAD is currently participating in an expedition to the Renland Peninsula, a little-known part of Greenland. The mission set out to collect scientific data on the impact of climate change. CIRAD's Nicolas Gaidet is looking into the role of the Arctic as an avian influenza virus storage and spread zone, and also at the impact of melting ice on arctic birds. </p> Mon, 08 Aug 2016 13:55:00 +0200 West Africa: innovative practices for restoring soil fertility and capturing carbon <p class="MsoNormal"> During a trip to West Africa by the French Minister of Agriculture, Stéphane Le Foll, CIRAD presented farming practices developed with its partners in Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast and Senegal. The practices are intended to boost soil fertility and carbon capture capacity, while contributing to the food security of local people. Some make use of traditional local know-how… </p> Wed, 03 Aug 2016 14:35:38 +0200 La prévention, seule arme efficace contre les méga-incendies en Indonésie <p> Régulièrement touché par d'immenses feux d’origine humaine et naturelle, l’archipel indonésien doit attaquer cette menace grandissante sur de multiples fronts en privilégiant la prévention. </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 15:18:12 +0200 Marcel Bursztyn: "Scientific networks: a very rewarding way of sharing experiences" <p class="MsoNormal"> Marcel Bursztyn is a socioeconomist and Director of Research at the University of Brasília. He has been working with CIRAD for more than 20 years, on topics relating to public environment and territorial development policy, and is coordinator of the Brazilian climate network. Here he is sharing his point of view about working in networks and his involvement in a platform in partnership for research and training (dP), Public Policy and Rural Development in Latin America (PP-AL). </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 12:56:01 +0200 CIRAD, along with its partners, is an ambassador for agro-ecology in Southeast Asia <p> Facilitating the drafting and implementation of agro-ecology principles and practices in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam. That is the aim of a recent general agreement signed by CIRAD President Managing Director Michel Eddi, on behalf of the organization, with the Laotian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 12:26:46 +0200 An exhibition, "Microportraits du peuple caché de nos cultures", in Madagascar <p> After Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues, a CIRAD exhibition of photographs of insects, &quot;Microportraits du peuple caché de nos cultures&quot;, will be touring Madagascar until November 2016, before ending its trip at the Montier-en-Der photo festival in France, from 17 to 20 November 2016. </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 12:01:36 +0200 La conservation des grains après récolte <p> Conservation of grain once harvested is a key issue in the fight against food shortages and hunger. Cereal losses may be as high as 30% of gross production due to poor conservation, storage or loss due to other factors. This book, a handy reference for all those working first-hand to reduce postharvest losses, discusses the different aspects of grain conservation: drying, storage and fighting insects and rodents. </p> Wed, 20 Jul 2016 14:28:14 +0200 An improved banana reference genome sequence <p class="MsoNormal"> After publishing the complete sequence for the banana <em>Musa acuminata</em> four years ago, CIRAD and its partners have now produced an improved reference sequence. This new version of the reference genome for <em>Musa acuminata</em> is a more effective tool for the functional, evolutionary and structural analysis of banana genomes. It is now available to the scientific community on the Banana Genome Hub. Using semi-automatic bioinformatics tools, they conducted high quality assemblies that will serve to study this species, which is the origin of all edible banana varieties, in greater detail. This work also has other consequences for research, since the bioinformatics tools developed can be used to improve genome assembly for other species. </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> </p> Tue, 19 Jul 2016 16:42:00 +0200 Coffee-based systems in Costa Rica: striking a balance between pests, diseases, yields and ecosystem services <p> In complex cropping systems, pests and diseases are involved in numerous interactions that contribute to the way these systems function and to the ecosystem services they provide. To understand these relationships, CIRAD’s teams and their partners have examined the case of coffee-based agroecosystems in Costa Rica, taking into account all pests and diseases, from a systemic agronomy approach. This research shows that in some cases, cropping system diversification may increase the quantity of ecosystem services and thereby offset the high incidence of pests and diseases and enable producers to increase their income. </p> Tue, 19 Jul 2016 16:23:33 +0200 La sécurisation foncière en Afrique <p> This new edition is a reprint of the 1996 edition, with an updated supplement containing feedback on various experiences that demonstrates the new place now occupied by commons. Readers will encounter the issues that have now become commonplace for observers of land tenure. </p> Tue, 19 Jul 2016 11:05:36 +0200 Web-based disease surveillance: a tool to prevent the spread of animal diseases <p> Animal disease surveillance, especially early detection of emerging disease outbreaks worldwide, is one of the means of preventing diseases from being introduced into France. Against this backdrop, CIRAD, ANSES and the French Directorate General for Food have created a web-based automatic disease surveillance system under the national epidemiological surveillance platform for animal health. Five tropical animal diseases are currently being monitored: African swine fever, avian influenza, bluetongue disease, foot and mouth disease and Schmallenberg virus. This system retrieves textual data, extracts relevant information and reinterprets this information as maps and spatiotemporal series. Recent research conducted at CIRAD means that the results can now be weighted according to data sources. The tool, which has been developed since 2013, is reactive, interactive and precise. It supplements official sources from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). </p> Mon, 18 Jul 2016 18:07:31 +0200 2015 Annual Report: stocktake and prospects <p> A look back at 2015 with the publication of the French version of the CIRAD Annual Report, containing the institutional highlights and a selection of almost forty research results. The report also contains a focus on climate change, which - for obvious reasons - was the topic chosen for the year. Through a series of major events - Paris International Agricultural Show, Climate-Smart Agriculture conference, and Under our Common Future conference, culminating in COP21 - but also the launch of the 4 per 1000 initiative, CIRAD proved its commitment to the topic. The report also contains indicators, an organizational chart, maps and addresses for CIRAD facilities worldwide as of 1 June 2016. </p> <p> The English version will be out later in the year. </p> Wed, 06 Jul 2016 12:19:50 +0200 Ivory Coast | The first two operational contracts have been signed <p> CIRAD was delighted to welcome Mrs Ramata Bakayolo-Ly, Ivorian Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, in Montpellier on 27 June 2016. Her visit saw the signature of the first scientific collaboration agreements between the two parties, as part of the &quot;research/higher education&quot; component of the deleveraging/development (C2D) contract between France and Ivory Coast. It followed on from the signature in Abidjan in May of a general agreement between CIRAD and the Ministry. Other contracts should follow very shortly. </p> Mon, 04 Jul 2016 18:30:13 +0200 Victoria pineapples | Quality products in any agroclimatic conditions <p> In Réunion, Queen Victoria pineapples are grown under different climatic conditions, but also with different fertilisation and irrigation practices. In these conditions, their development and especially the quality of fruit are highly variable. Their sweetness, which is very popular with consumers, may therefore be difficult for producers to predict. To enable them to better manage their plots and the quality of their fruit, a team from CIRAD has just simulated pineapple growth and sugar content at harvest according to climate and to cultural practices. </p> <p> The Queen Victoria pineapples grown in Réunion are very sweet, and are particularly popular with consumers. However, for producers, that sweetness is difficult to predict. This variety is grown under different climatic conditions, but also with different fertilization and irrigation practices. In these conditions, their development and especially the quality of fruit are highly variable. To help producers manage their plots and the quality of their fruit better, a team from CIRAD has recommended using a simulation model (Simpiña-Sugar) derived from work on peaches. The model serves to simulate pineapple growth and sugar content at harvest according to climate and to cropping practices. </p> Tue, 28 Jun 2016 11:42:07 +0200 Agrimonde−Terra: the narrow roads to global food security <p> How will agricultural land occupation change in the coming decades? As a result of which factors? How will the tensions between food security and climate change mitigation pan out? The Agrimonde-Terra foresight study, conducted by scientists from CIRAD and INRA with the support of global experts, set out to answer these questions via five land use and food security scenarios. </p> Fri, 24 Jun 2016 17:15:57 +0200 Heat-treated wood: quality control suited to the industrial context <p> Heat treatment of wood consists in heating the material at a high temperature for several hours. This process gives wood new chemical and mechanical properties, especially better resistance to decay. But these properties differ according to treatment methods and depending on the species concerned and the products, both finished and unfinished, made from natural wood. The properties of treated wood can therefore differ substantially from one firm to another, and it is essential to control their quality. To ensure effective quality control of such woods, CIRAD and its partners have identified the methods best suited to an industrial context, such as spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, chemical analyses and mechanical analyses. To this end, they conducted a vast bibliographical review of methods for analysing the quality of heat treated wood, their advantages and disadvantages and, in particular, their potential for industrial use. </p> Wed, 22 Jun 2016 16:27:06 +0200 Le Cirad participe à la Nuit de l'Agro-écologie <p> Le Cirad participe à la Nuit de l'Agro-écologie le 23 juin à 18h à Montpellier SupAgro. Au programme de la soirée : des présentations d'un MOOC en Agro-écologie et d'une innovation en protection agroécologique des cultures maraîchères, et un débat &quot;L'Agro-écologie : effet de mode ou projet de société ?&quot;. </p> Mon, 20 Jun 2016 12:37:55 +0200 International Conference, 12-14 Dec. 2016 | Agri-Chains and Sustainable Development: linking local and global dynamics <p> CIRAD is working with a range of partners to organize an international conference on &quot;Agri-Chains and Sustainable Development: linking local and global dynamics&quot;. The aim of the event is to debate the role of agricultural value chains in translating the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into reality. Up to 250 development researchers and players are expected to attend, from 12 to 14 December 2016. </p> Fri, 17 Jun 2016 15:57:57 +0200 Dictionnaire des sciences animales <p> This on-line animal science dictionary, produced by CIRAD, comprises more than 31 000 articles on words and expressions directly concerning animals, or linked to animals, such as their ecosystems and husbandry, particularly in warm régions. It is illustrated by more than 9000 photos and drawings. </p> Fri, 10 Jun 2016 12:14:55 +0200