CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Conseil privé en agriculture - Acteurs, pratiques et marché <p> Private agricultural consultants are becoming unavoidable. Based on surveys, this book analyses the strategies and practices of these private operators in a range of social and geographical contexts. It compares the restructuring of the consulting sector in France with that in other European countries. </p> Mon, 05 Oct 2015 15:38:33 +0200 The role of wild birds in the ecology of avian influenza: ten years of research at CIRAD <p> Right from the start of the avian influenza epidemic, CIRAD teams began working on the surveillance of the H5N1 virus in wild birds, particularly in Africa. Thanks to the fieldwork and also to the theoretical research done by those teams, we now know a little more about this disease, which can be transmitted to humans. Among other things, we know that the viruses are sustained all year round in Africa, we know the main species involved in that persistence and we can assess the epidemiological and ecological contexts in which the disease develops better. This work has paved the way for new control methods and highlights the need for global surveillance. </p> Mon, 05 Oct 2015 15:02:33 +0200 Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in Africa, a disease in search of epidemiological data <p> Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa where, despite its significant socioeconomic impact, it has nevertheless been largely overlooked to date. There is a lack of reliable data in terms of epidemiology in particular. A survey conducted with the support of CIRAD filled in the gaps for Mali and demonstrated that thorough field studies in all the countries affected by the disease would be of significant interest. Those studies could serve as the basis for effective disease management, to ensure better control and eventually its eradication in Africa. </p> Mon, 05 Oct 2015 14:42:27 +0200 Train du Climat: CIRAD will be on show at stations in Paris and Montpellier <p> CIRAD will be taking part in the large-scale &quot;Train du climat&quot; (Climate Train) event during the 2015 <em>Fête de la Science</em> . Researchers and representatives from the organization will be at Gare de Lyon in Paris on 6 October, for the inauguration of the train, and Montpellier-St Roch station on 12 October. </p> Fri, 02 Oct 2015 11:39:45 +0200 Sustainability of bio-jetfuel in Malaysia <p> The aviation industry is booming in Southeast Asia. However, to cut greenhouse gas emissions, it is thinking about switching to biofuels. Will it be able to, given the complexity of the current situation? A book published recently, <em>Sustainability of bio-jetfuel in Malaysia</em> , sheds some light on the matter. Available as a free download. </p> Wed, 30 Sep 2015 17:45:27 +0200 Climate | Selectively logged Amazon forests recover their carbon stock in 20 years <p> Selectively logged tropical Amazonian forests can recover their carbon stocks within a cutting cycle of 20 to 30 years, according to a new study published in the journal Current Biology on 21 September. The findings show that sustainably logged tropical forests continue to play a key role in global carbon sequestration, with important implications for global climate. This study demonstrates that under current timber harvesting intensities, Amazon forests logged with reduced impact logging techniques recover their initial carbon stock in 7 to 21 years. “<em>This is fast compared to the recovery time of commercial volumes that can take up to a century or even more to go back to pre-logging stocks.</em> ” says Ervan Rutishauser, CIRAD consultant and lead author of the study. </p> Mon, 21 Sep 2015 17:30:15 +0200 Ten years of research on the links between environmental change and vector-borne disease transmission <p> This was a monumental project: 80 scientific teams from 58 Partner organizations in 23 countries in Europe, the Mediterranean and West Africa worked for ten years on the links between environmental change and vector-borne disease transmission. Two projects, EDEN and EDENext, coordinated by CIRAD, in fact succeeded each other in that time. A book, <em>The impact of a decade (2004-2015) of research on vector-borne diseases</em> , compiles the main results and impacts of these projects, in both scientific and academic terms. </p> Fri, 18 Sep 2015 12:09:11 +0200 Some taurine breeds are extremely tolerant of African animal trypanosomosis <p> African animal trypanosomosis is an obstacle to the development of cattle rearing in teste fly-infested zones. However, not all cattle breeds have the same degree of susceptibility to the disease. Some West African breeds are even tolerant. Little use has yet been made of this diversity in breeding programmes, for want of data on its molecular and evolutionary origin. CIRAD, working with CIRDES, launched a wide-ranging study to analyse the response to infection of five West African breeds. Its conclusions have shown that shorthorn taurine breeds are remarkably tolerant of trypanosomosis. </p> Wed, 16 Sep 2015 17:29:00 +0200 Biogas and water recycling help make cassava starch production sustainable <p> The cassava starch industry is booming. However, most producing countries use inefficient techniques, which means excessive energy and water consumption and a significant environmental impact. To minimize that impact, researchers from CIRAD and their partners compared three commonly used processing techniques and came up with efficient, sustainable technical solutions. Those solutions include producing biogas from effluent so as to reduce and even replace fossil fuel consumption. Recycling and re-using water also saves on resources. </p> Fri, 11 Sep 2015 14:14:42 +0200 Perspective No. 34. Integrated management of insect vectors of human and animal diseases. Developing genetic control <p> In the face of pressure from insect vectors and insecticide resistance, genetic control looks like a promising alternative. This has been proved by the project to eradicate tsetse flies conducted by CIRAD and its partrners in Senegal, the results of which are set out in this issue of <em>Perspective.</em> </p> Tue, 08 Sep 2015 15:29:54 +0200 Climate and food security: the 4 per 1000 programme puts soils back at the heart of agriculture <p> Compensating for manmade CO2 emissions while boosting agricultural production is the ambitious target set by the 4 per 1000 programme announced in March by French Minister Stéphane Le Foll. Since then, scientists and politicians have come un board and various agencies have joined forces, in France and overseas. CIRAD, INRA and the IRD are closely associated. The 4 per 1000 concept promises to mitigate climate change through greater carbon sequestration in soils, but also has a second advatnage of major importance for communities in the South: that of also helping ensure sustainable global food security. Interview with Hervé Saint Macary, project correspondent for CIRAD. </p> Tue, 08 Sep 2015 12:54:13 +0200 2014 Annual Report <p> A look back at 2014 with the publication of the French version of the CIRAD Annual Report, including its institutional highlights and research results. New this year, a FOCUS on the International Year of Family Farming: summing up, research results, inventory, publications and events. In institutional terms, 2014 was marked by two strategic events: the signing of a new set of contractual objectives with the State and the adoption by the establishment of &quot;scientific and partnership strategy objectives&quot;. The report also contains indicators, an organizational chart, maps and addresses for CIRAD facilities worldwide. </p> Tue, 08 Sep 2015 12:24:41 +0200 Bois et forêts des tropiques No. 323 <p> A special issue, in English, of the journal Bois et forêts des tropiques, devoted to André Aubréville (1897-1982), one of the co-founders of the Centre technique forestier tropical and of the journal, and above all a brilliant forester with a vast range of knowledge. </p> Fri, 04 Sep 2015 16:22:07 +0200 World Forestry Congress: the antichamber to COP21 for sustainable forest management <p> The 2015 edition of the World Forestry Congress, the primary event concerning sustainable forest management, was held from 7 to 12 September in Durban, South Africa. CIRAD contributed on topics such as the changes in forestry concessions, the future of tropical silviculture in natural forests and the analysis of the impacts of silvicultural practices on forest biomass. </p> Fri, 04 Sep 2015 15:35:24 +0200 Hervé Bichat, an exceptional man, founder of CIRAD, has died <p> Hervé Bichat, a passionate man with deeply held beliefs who founded CIRAD and was its first Director General, died on 31 August aged 77. CIRAD is devastated by the death of a man who played such a crucial role in the history of our organization. </p> Fri, 04 Sep 2015 14:25:01 +0200 FSD5/Agro2015 Symposium: the global scientific event on the analysis and design of farming systems <p> 400 scientists from 40 countries were expected in Montpellier from 7 to 10 September 2015 to take stock of the concepts and methods available for analysing and designing farming systems in the light of the major global issues: preserving water resources, food security, climate change, biodiversity and socioeconomic development. </p> Thu, 03 Sep 2015 15:43:38 +0200 In Mexico, are payments for conserving biodiversity effective? <p> <strong>In Mexico, a programme of payments for environmental services (PES) invites forest communities to commit to protecting a wooded area rich in biodiversity in exchange for an annual payment. But how can the efficacy of the programme be measured without determining the area of forest that would have been lost without it? Researchers from CIRAD and their partners recently developed a method for measuring that area, which enabled them to quantify the impact of the programme: 10 to 15% of wooded areas have been preserved thanks to the payments.</strong> </p> Mon, 17 Aug 2015 11:25:18 +0200 Fruits Vol. 70, No. 4 <p> A new issue of the journal <em>Fruits,</em> published by EDP Sciences and CIRAD. </p> Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:33:07 +0200 The human aspect of biodiversity, by Gilles Boeuf <p> VIDEO. In a fascinating, impassioned talk at CIRAD in July 2015, Gilles Boeuf told the story of &quot;the human aspect of biodiversity&quot; and explained what the world can expect if man does not change his behaviour.<br />Gilles Bœuf is Chair of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle and was recently appointed scientific adviser on the environment, biodiversity and climate at the office of Ségolène Royal, Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy. He is also Chair of the CIRAD Science Council. </p> Thu, 30 Jul 2015 11:48:37 +0200 Expo Milano 2015 - Crop diversity: a new prospect for agriculture <p> VIDEO. From the invention of agriculture some 12 000 years ago to the current day, the agronomist Etienne Hainzelin traces the main stages of crop domestication. With a focus on the industrialization of agriculture, he shows how the shift to practices whose sole purpose is to boost yields has caused substantial damage, including high biodiversity losses. Agriculture now needs to change its perspective and move to re-diversify the species used, since agricultural biomass will be an unavoidable raw material for the industry of the future. </p> <p> <em>Talk given at the <a href="" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">2015 Milan Universal Exposition, in the France Pavilion</a>, 8 July 2015.</em> </p> Thu, 30 Jul 2015 11:18:21 +0200