CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB Les virus préfèrent les zones cultivées aux zones naturelles <p> Les zones cultivées sont plus touchées par les épidémies virales que les zones non cultivées. C’est ce qui ressort d’une étude internationale réalisée, dans le cadre d’une collaboration franco-sud-africaine, dans les zones floristiques du Cap et de Camargue. Ces résultats ont été publiés en janvier 2018 dans la revue d’écologie microbienne, ISME Journal. </p> Thu, 18 Jan 2018 19:50:56 +0100 Brazil | Two major cooperation agreements for Franco-Brazilian scientific partnership <p> CIRAD, represented by its President Managing Director Michel Eddi, signed two major cooperation agreements for Franco-Brazilian scientific partnership and ongoing research with Brazil in late 2017. The first puts the seal on the renewal of a partnership with EMBRAPA dating back more than thirty years. The other formalizes the recent collaborations between CIRAD and the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, the Brazilian federal research funding body. </p> Mon, 15 Jan 2018 09:48:25 +0100 The genome of vascular plants bears witness to the evolution of viruses of the family Caulimoviridae <p> Endogenous viral elements of plants, which are integrated into the genome of their host, have not yet given away all their secrets. As part of an international collaboration, researchers from CIRAD and INRA revealed the presence of sequences of viruses of the family <em>Caulimoviridae,</em> including several new genera, in a large number of vascular plants, from lycopods to flowering plants. That presence proves their very ancient origins, some 320 million years ago. These results were published in the journal <em>Scientific Reports</em> on 12 January 2018. </p> Fri, 12 Jan 2018 18:09:57 +0100 Living Territories 2018: using rural territories to change the world <p class="MsoNormal"> A global economy, large-scale movements of people, goods and ideas, galloping urbanization, etc, etc. In a changing world, what is the role of rural territories? What resources can they count on for development? How can they help meet the Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations? CIRAD is organizing an international conference, Living Territories 2018, in Montpellier from 22 au 24 January 2018, to answer those questions, based on the results discussed in the book “Living territories to transform the world”. </p> Tue, 09 Jan 2018 14:53:33 +0100 Sub-Saharan Africa | Envisioning the future of territories to tackle demographic and employment challenges <p> In sub-Saharan Africa, the magnitude of the demographic challenge implies anticipating targets to be reached within the time horizon of the next generation, in all sectors of activity. Researchers from CIRAD and their partners propose an operational methodology that can be implemented by policymakers and actors in rural territories to envision the future and to prepare their development strategy. This territorial foresight methodology combines an analysis of past local dynamics, a 20-year population projection and a participatory foresight process. It enables collective thinking on sustainable paths and provides a framework for monitoring and steering public territorial action.. </p> Tue, 09 Jan 2018 10:10:53 +0100 CIRAD wishes you a happy festive season and New Year <p> Throughout 2018, CIRAD will be giving you an insight into the topic of agro-ecology. Best wishes for the New Year! </p> Thu, 21 Dec 2017 17:28:01 +0100 Transition agro-écologique | Le partage d’expériences réussies s’intensifie en outre-mer <p> Environ 150 personnes du monde agricole ultra-marin ont participé aux deuxièmes rencontres AgroEcoDom à La Réunion-Mayotte du 21 novembre au 1er décembre 2017. Coordonné par le Cirad et financé par le Réseau rural français et l’Europe, ce projet vise à accélérer l’innovation agro-écologique en outre-mer, en renforçant les liens inter-Dom par l’intermédiaire des Réseaux d’Innovation et de Transfert Agricole (Rita). Il contribue au projet agro-écologique pour la France initié par le Ministère de l’agriculture et de l’alimentation. </p> Thu, 21 Dec 2017 16:58:01 +0100 Les huiles végétales au cœur du Demeter 2018 <p> Le Demeter 2018 consacre la majeure partie de son rapport 2018 aux enjeux, marchés et controverses liés aux huiles végétales dans le monde. Le Cirad, fort d’une expérience de longue date dans le domaine des oléagineux tropicaux, a assuré la coordination de ce dossier, en y intégrant notamment l’expertise de chercheurs issus de diverses disciplines mais aussi d’acteurs de la société civile et d’institutions internationales. </p> Wed, 20 Dec 2017 11:28:40 +0100 Climate and development | Investing in knowledge to support effective decisions <p> How can funding be mobilized for work on climate and development in an effective, relevant way? According to the participants in a seminar on &quot;Research and innovation: cooperation for finance mobilization&quot; held on 11 December alongside the One Planet Summit*, it is necessary to invest in knowledge. That knowledge, which is key to understanding the factors to be modified in relation to cyurrent development models, in both North and South, should contribute to a new form of prosperity that is resilient, low-carbon and fairer. The seminar was organized by IDDRI, under the auspices of the French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation and with the support and commitment of CIRAD, the IRD and the <em>Fondation pour les études et recherches sur le développement international</em> (FERDI). </p> Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:21:17 +0100 Eighteen institutions have signed up to the Tropical managed Forests Observatory <p> The Tropical managed Forests Observatory was recently formalized by a collaboration agreement signed by 18 institutions, including CIRAD. The confirmation of this unique network will enable it to continue monitoring the world's logged tropical forests and drafting recommendations for sustainable silviculture. This is a crucial challenge in the light of biodiversity erosion and climate change. </p> Mon, 11 Dec 2017 17:37:04 +0100 RTBfoods: CIRAD announces new program to encourage better variety choices in Africa <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>The RTBfoods project (Breeding RTB Products for End User Preferences), launched in November</strong> <strong> 2017, is a 5-year effort created to pinpoint the quality traits that determine the adoption of new root, tuber and banana (RTB) varieties developed by breeders. The 11.5 million-euro project* will take a novel approach involving consumers, processors and researchers, and will eventually serve to boost food security.</strong> </p> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 12:02:35 +0100 Bonn Challenge | CIRAD is committed to restoring forest landscapes <p> CIRAD is now a technical partner in three forest restoration initiatives covered by the Bonn Challenge. This target, which is vitally important in alleviating poverty and mitigating climate change, is a unique opportunity for CIRAD to put its multi-disciplinary expertise and field experience to good use. </p> Mon, 04 Dec 2017 15:21:47 +0100 Geographical Indications: what are the State's roles? <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Geographical indications (GIs) or appellations of origin, and their protection, are now seen as a major social, territorial and ecological development tool. As such, they are at the heart of international trade issues, and are particularly hotly debated. The prestigious journal <em>World Development</em> this autumn devoted a special section to GIs. It was coordinated and edited by two CIRAD researchers, and presents the results of more than 15 year's work by CIRAD and its partners on the issues surrounding the protection and governance of GIs in southern countries, in a context of debates between the Old and the New World.</strong> </p> Mon, 27 Nov 2017 17:40:57 +0100 CIRAD at the Abidjan Agricultural Show <p> The Salon international de l’agriculture et des ressources animales (SARA) in Ivory Coast was held from 17 to 26 November in Abidjan. Signing contracts, meeting partners and key institutional representatives, and so on, and so on... CIRAD was busy sealing partnerships with research, development and higher education establishments in Ivory Coast. </p> Mon, 27 Nov 2017 13:10:43 +0100 Reducing pesticide use | Insect nets have won over Kenyan smallholders <p> The BioNetAgro project proved that insect nets considerably reduced pesticide use in the market gardens of sub-Saharan Africa. A second stage, BioNetAgro 2, concentrated on improving and transferring the innovation. </p> Tue, 21 Nov 2017 12:04:36 +0100 Latin America | What public policies could favour agro-ecology? <p> A comparative analysis of public policies in favour of agro-ecology in Latin America showed that despite the increasing popularity of this approach, it remains very marginal in terms of production, marketing and public support. For the authors, agro-ecology calls for flexible measures drafted on a territory scale, and the constitution of large-scale coalitions in favour of healthy, environmentally friendly food supplies. </p> Mon, 20 Nov 2017 17:19:58 +0100 A first atlas on rural migration in sub-Saharan Africa <p> A first atlas to offer a better understanding of complex rural migration patterns in sub-Saharan Africa has been published today. The atlas <em>– </em> <em> <a href="" target="_self">Rural Africa in motion. Dynamics and drivers of migration south of the Sahara</a> – </em> also highlights the important role rural areas will continue to play in shaping the continent’s migration for decades to come. </p> Mon, 20 Nov 2017 14:33:23 +0100 Stéphane Saj: "Climate-smart agriculture should take greater account of agro-ecology know-how" <p> A recent publication highlighted the marked imbalance between the three objectives of climate-smart agriculture. Much more thought is given to adapting to climate change than to mitigating it or to food security. This observation, compounded by growing criticism, prompted the authors to suggest reframing the concept, and rensuring greater reciprocity with agro-ecology. A meeting with Stéphane Saj, an agronomist and ecologist with CIRAD, the lead author of the publication. </p> Fri, 17 Nov 2017 16:43:23 +0100 COP 23 | CIRAD shines the spotlight on carbon storage in soils <p> The 23rd Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change (COP23), &quot;Further, Faster Ambition Together&quot;, organized by Fiji, is being held in Bonn, Germany, from 6 to 17 November 2017. Alongside its partners, CIRAD is involved in several meetings, notably relating to the 4 per 1000 initiative on soil carbon storage. Pending the adoption of the rules for enforcement of the Paris Agreement in Poland next year, COP23 is already aiming to make actions speak louder than words. Agriculture and land use changes account for 24% of annual greenhouse gas emissions, and should therefore be seen as one of the potential solutions to climate change, a fact that is too often overlooked. </p> Wed, 08 Nov 2017 15:15:37 +0100 In sub-Saharan Africa, food consumption is changing radically <p> A vast study of household consumption in Africa has put paid to a few preconceived ideas. The study, which was the most wide-ranging ever, demonstrated the changes in food systems in recent decades. Local agriculture is conquering the domestic economy, with a dominant role in supplying both urban and rural inhabitants. Local diets are now more diversified, and energy intake issues are much less pressing than they used to be. </p> Tue, 24 Oct 2017 10:28:37 +0200