CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = - Langue = eng-GB eng-GB COP 23 | CIRAD shines the spotlight on carbon storage in soils <p> The 23rd Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change (COP23), &quot;Further, Faster Ambition Together&quot;, organized by Fiji, is being held in Bonn, Germany, from 6 to 17 November 2017. Alongside its partners, CIRAD is involved in several meetings, notably relating to the 4 per 1000 initiative on soil carbon storage. Pending the adoption of the rules for enforcement of the Paris Agreement in Poland next year, COP23 is already aiming to make actions speak louder than words. Agriculture and land use changes account for 24% of annual greenhouse gas emissions, and should therefore be seen as one of the potential solutions to climate change, a fact that is too often overlooked. </p> Wed, 08 Nov 2017 15:15:37 +0100 In sub-Saharan Africa, food consumption is changing radically <p> A vast study of household consumption in Africa has put paid to a few preconceived ideas. The study, which was the most wide-ranging ever, demonstrated the changes in food systems in recent decades. Local agriculture is conquering the domestic economy, with a dominant role in supplying both urban and rural inhabitants. Local diets are now more diversified, and energy intake issues are much less pressing than they used to be. </p> Tue, 24 Oct 2017 10:28:37 +0200 Tunisia | A tripartite cooperation agreement has been signed with the government <p> CIRAD signed a tripartite cooperation agreement with Tunisia on 18 October. The agreement, which was also signed by the Tunisian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MESRS) and the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), is intended to drive research and innovation in agriculture and the agrifood industry in Tunisia. </p> Fri, 20 Oct 2017 17:07:05 +0200 A debate on the Sustainable Development Goals <p> A critical analysis of each of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), their interactions and the contradictions they also bring. The SDGs form a global action framework that was adopted by all the UN member countries in September 2015, concern countries in both the northern and southern hemispheres, and encompass economic aspects, social development and conservation. This book, which targets a wide audience, sheds light on the main challenges of the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. </p> Thu, 19 Oct 2017 10:21:54 +0200 Atlas of the traditional milk sector around greater Cairo in Egypt <p> This atlas bears witness to the dynamics, strengths and weaknesses of the traditional dairy sector in Egypt. It is one of the products of the dairy research project on &quot;Understanding the traditional functioning of the milk supply chain in El Cairo City, Egypt&quot;. The dairy sector in Egypt has been identified as a priority for agricultural research and development in the new Agricultural Strategic Plan for Egypt in 2030. </p> Fri, 13 Oct 2017 14:58:18 +0200 A new initiative seeks to curb unsustainable wildlife hunting, conserve biodiversity and improve food security <p> New €45 million initiative seeks to curb unsustainable wildlife hunting, conserve biodiversity and improve food security. European Commission-funded, FAO-led partnership will help African, Caribbean and Pacific countries shift from wildmeat to alternative sources of animal protein </p> Fri, 13 Oct 2017 14:33:27 +0200 The fight against antimicrobial resistance: the One Health approach is vital <p> <strong>The emergence of antibiotic-resistant microbial strains risks severely limiting yields in animal production chains in the coming decades, exacerbating the existing poverty in numerous countries. Experts from CIRAD and their partners analysed the policies implemented in Southeast Asia and identified a series of actions required to fight effectively against antimicrobial resistance, in line with the One Health approach. Their conclusions have been published in the prestigious journal BMJ.</strong> </p> <p> </p> Fri, 06 Oct 2017 14:17:04 +0200 Central Africa: integrating wildlife into food system management <p> Hunting has traditionally been a vital source of food and income for many rural families in central Africa. However, growing population pressure and demand for meat from secondary towns and cities have resulted in increased, unsustainable hunting of wild animals. A project on sustainable management of the fauna and wildmeat sector in central Africa conducted in response to this threat to conservation and biodiversity, food security and local means of subsistence served to lay the foundations of participatory management of hunting by villagers. The project, which was led by the FAO and involved CIRAD, ran for five years and was recently completed. </p> Wed, 04 Oct 2017 15:06:09 +0200 Communautés locales et utilisation de la faune sauvage en Afrique centrale <p> The book <em><strong>Communautés locales et utilisation de la faune en Afrique centrale,</strong> </em> published by the FAO, CIRAD and CIFOR, relates and promotes the lessons learnt from a project on sustainable management of the fauna and the wildmeat sector in central Africa. The project ran from 2012 to 2017, in Gabon, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo, and included pilot tests of participatory management of the local fauna and hunting. </p> Wed, 04 Oct 2017 15:05:17 +0200 Fête de la science 2017 | Entrez dans l’intimité des bois tropicaux <p> A l’occasion de la Fête de la science 2017 organisée à Montpellier, découvrez les secrets des bois tropicaux, testez leurs différentes caractéristiques (odeur, couleur, densité, résistance) et observez l’un de ses principaux ravageurs. Les 7 et 8 octobre au Village des sciences et les 11 et 12 octobre au Cirad. </p> Sat, 23 Sep 2017 08:20:57 +0200 China is under threat from African swine fever <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>Hundreds of millions of pigs in China could soon come up against the terrible disease African swine fever (ASF). In an attempt to avert such a catastrophe, or at least limit its impact, researchers from CIRAD, the RVC (UK) and the FAO, and their partners in China, have studied the factors behind the emergence of ASF and the probable ways in which it spreads. The conclusion is that the only possible solution is an integrated approach, involving each and every stakeholder in the supply chain.</strong> </p> Tue, 19 Sep 2017 16:45:22 +0200 Identifying plants used as natural pesticides in Africa <p> In response to growing demands in both North and South to reduce pesticide use, a new project, Knomana, set out to identify plants that are already used for their pesticidal effects in Africa. The results are intended to support the development of organic farming in Africa, and to pinpoint the economic development potential of using such plants in the countries concerned. Knomana is being conducted under the umbrella of the INRA-CIRAD Glofoods metaprogramme. </p> Mon, 18 Sep 2017 15:40:31 +0200 Desert locusts: new risks in the light of climate change <p> The desert locust is an invasive species that is both well known and feared because of the large-scale agricultural damage it can cause. It is particularly closely monitored, to prevent the risks of outbreaks and invasions. Climate change could modify its distribution area, meaning a new threat to agriculture, according to a study published in the journal Global Change Biology by researchers from CIRAD and INRA. </p> Thu, 07 Sep 2017 16:07:03 +0200 The 4P1000 initiative receives the World Future Council Future Policy Award <p> The 4P1000 initiative has won the World Future Council Future Policy Award. The award celebrates the best policies in favour of land restoration. This means international recognition for the initiative, which aims to boost carbon storage in the soil with a view to mitigating climate change, adapting to it, and contributing to food security. It was launched two years ago by the French Ministry of Agriculture, and associates CIRAD, INRA and the IRD, with the support of the CGIAR and Ohio State University. </p> Mon, 28 Aug 2017 16:35:37 +0200 Une troisième voie entre l’État et le marché : échanges avec Elinor Ostrom <p> Following 2009 Nobel Prize for Economics winner Elinor Ostrom's trip to France, the authors of a book, <em>Une troisième voie entre l’État et le marché, </em> recount her teachings based on her exchanges with an audience. </p> Fri, 25 Aug 2017 10:45:11 +0200 Biodiversity Conservation in Southeast Asia <p> Southeast Asia has been experiencing major environmental and social changes for several decades. In this context, the book <em>Biodiversity Conservation in Southeast Asia </em> explores the conservation of biodiversity through its history, its challenges, its management, related politics and economics, and its governance. A valuable resource for academics and students in the areas of ecology, conservation, environmental policy and management, Southeast Asia studies and sustainable development. </p> Tue, 22 Aug 2017 17:09:36 +0200 Drip Irrigation for Agriculture <p> In emerging and developing countries, growing numbers of farmers are using drip irrigation. A book, <em>Drip Irrigation for Agriculture, </em> explains under what conditions such systems work, for whom, and with what effects. It shows the enthusiasm of smallholders as regards the use and dissemination of such systems, but also their disappointment and disillusion in some cases. </p> Thu, 20 Jul 2017 18:49:46 +0200 Highlights 2016 | Activities Report <p> The latest CIRAD activities report is just out. The new format looks back at the highlights for the organization in 2016. It is available in hard copy and interactive versions, to reflect the increasing digitalization of communication practices and materials. </p> Thu, 20 Jul 2017 13:04:33 +0200 La résilience des systèmes écologiques et sociaux : accompagner la prise en compte de l'incertitude pour le développement <p> L'étude du changement étant devenu la norme, le terme résilience est passé dans le langage courant. Il est notamment utilisé par les acteurs du développement et de l’humanitaire pour donner un cadre de mise en oeuvre du développement durable des régions touchées par des chocs répétés : il s’agit de trouver des synergies entre des interventions d’urgence (réaction directe après une catastrophe) et des stratégies de développement à moyen et long termes. Ces acteurs ont ainsi élaboré un usage du concept de la résilience qui se distingue d'une autre approche, l'école de la résilience des systèmes écologiques et sociaux, plus ancienne. Ces deux approches se fondent sur l’intégration des dynamiques écologiques et de l’ensemble des groupes sociaux, sur la reconnaissance de la pluralité des connaissances et des potentielles trajectoires de développement, et sur l’accompagnement de la transformation des groupes sociaux. Ce <em>Perspective</em> montre en quoi elles sont complémentaires et identifie les axes selon lesquels des coopérations entre les acteurs issus des deux écoles offriraient de réelles perspectives. </p> <p> </p> Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:35:23 +0200 Analysing value chains from a sustainable development perspective <p> The European Commission recently launched a vast programme aimed at understanding the impact of value chains in terms of sustainability, on an economic, social and environmental level. CIRAD, which is a member of the coordinating consortium Agrinatura, played a major role in designing the project, called Value Chain Analysis for Development (VCA4D). It is now applying its high level of expertise in in-depth analyses, notably in the field, to several value chains being assessed by the programme. </p> Wed, 19 Jul 2017 14:11:38 +0200