CIRAD - Actualités / News - adresse site = http://www.cirad.fr - Langue = eng-GB http://www.cirad.fr/en/rss/cirad-actualites-news eng-GB La prévention, seule arme efficace contre les méga-incendies en Indonésie http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/la-prevention-seule-arme-efficace-contre-les-mega-incendies-en-indonesie http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/la-prevention-seule-arme-efficace-contre-les-mega-incendies-en-indonesie <p> Régulièrement touché par d'immenses feux d’origine humaine et naturelle, l’archipel indonésien doit attaquer cette menace grandissante sur de multiples fronts en privilégiant la prévention. </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 15:18:12 +0200 Marcel Bursztyn: "Scientific networks: a very rewarding way of sharing experiences" http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/questions-a/marcel-bursztyn-scientific-networks-a-very-rewarding-way-of-sharing-experiences http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/questions-a/marcel-bursztyn-scientific-networks-a-very-rewarding-way-of-sharing-experiences <p class="MsoNormal"> Marcel Bursztyn is a socioeconomist and Director of Research at the University of Brasília. He has been working with CIRAD for more than 20 years, on topics relating to public environment and territorial development policy, and is coordinator of the Brazilian climate network. Here he is sharing his point of view about working in networks and his involvement in a platform in partnership for research and training (dP), Public Policy and Rural Development in Latin America (PP-AL). </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 12:56:01 +0200 CIRAD, along with its partners, is an ambassador for agro-ecology in Southeast Asia http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/cirad-along-with-its-partners-is-an-ambassador-for-agro-ecology-in-southeast-asia http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/cirad-along-with-its-partners-is-an-ambassador-for-agro-ecology-in-southeast-asia <p> Facilitating the drafting and implementation of agro-ecology principles and practices in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam. That is the aim of a recent general agreement signed by CIRAD President Managing Director Michel Eddi, on behalf of the organization, with the Laotian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 12:26:46 +0200 An exhibition, "Microportraits du peuple caché de nos cultures", in Madagascar http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/microportraits-du-peuple-cache-de-nos-cultures http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/microportraits-du-peuple-cache-de-nos-cultures <p> After Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues, a CIRAD exhibition of photographs of insects, &quot;Microportraits du peuple caché de nos cultures&quot;, will be touring Madagascar until November 2016, before ending its trip at the Montier-en-Der photo festival in France, from 17 to 20 November 2016. </p> Thu, 21 Jul 2016 12:01:36 +0200 La conservation des grains après récolte http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/la-conservation-des-grains-apres-recolte http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/la-conservation-des-grains-apres-recolte <p> Conservation of grain once harvested is a key issue in the fight against food shortages and hunger. Cereal losses may be as high as 30% of gross production due to poor conservation, storage or loss due to other factors. This book, a handy reference for all those working first-hand to reduce postharvest losses, discusses the different aspects of grain conservation: drying, storage and fighting insects and rodents. </p> Wed, 20 Jul 2016 14:28:14 +0200 La sécurisation foncière en Afrique http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/la-securisation-fonciere-en-afrique http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/la-securisation-fonciere-en-afrique <p> This new edition is a reprint of the 1996 edition, with an updated supplement containing feedback on various experiences that demonstrates the new place now occupied by commons. Readers will encounter the issues that have now become commonplace for observers of land tenure. </p> Tue, 19 Jul 2016 11:05:36 +0200 Web-based disease surveillance: a tool to prevent the spread of animal diseases http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/web-based-disease-surveillance-a-tool-to-prevent-the-spread-of-animal-diseases http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/web-based-disease-surveillance-a-tool-to-prevent-the-spread-of-animal-diseases <p> Animal disease surveillance, especially early detection of emerging disease outbreaks worldwide, is one of the means of preventing diseases from being introduced into France. Against this backdrop, CIRAD, ANSES and the French Directorate General for Food have created a web-based automatic disease surveillance system under the national epidemiological surveillance platform for animal health. Five tropical animal diseases are currently being monitored: African swine fever, avian influenza, bluetongue disease, foot and mouth disease and Schmallenberg virus. This system retrieves textual data, extracts relevant information and reinterprets this information as maps and spatiotemporal series. Recent research conducted at CIRAD means that the results can now be weighted according to data sources. The tool, which has been developed since 2013, is reactive, interactive and precise. It supplements official sources from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). </p> Mon, 18 Jul 2016 18:07:31 +0200 2015 Annual Report: stocktake and prospects http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/2015-annual-report-stocktake-and-prospects http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/2015-annual-report-stocktake-and-prospects <p> A look back at 2015 with the publication of the French version of the CIRAD Annual Report, containing the institutional highlights and a selection of almost forty research results. The report also contains a focus on climate change, which - for obvious reasons - was the topic chosen for the year. Through a series of major events - Paris International Agricultural Show, Climate-Smart Agriculture conference, and Under our Common Future conference, culminating in COP21 - but also the launch of the 4 per 1000 initiative, CIRAD proved its commitment to the topic. The report also contains indicators, an organizational chart, maps and addresses for CIRAD facilities worldwide as of 1 June 2016. </p> <p> The English version will be out later in the year. </p> Wed, 06 Jul 2016 12:19:50 +0200 Ivory Coast | The first two operational contracts have been signed http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/ivory-coast-first-two-operational-contracts http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/ivory-coast-first-two-operational-contracts <p> CIRAD was delighted to welcome Mrs Ramata Bakayolo-Ly, Ivorian Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, in Montpellier on 27 June 2016. Her visit saw the signature of the first scientific collaboration agreements between the two parties, as part of the &quot;research/higher education&quot; component of the deleveraging/development (C2D) contract between France and Ivory Coast. It followed on from the signature in Abidjan in May of a general agreement between CIRAD and the Ministry. Other contracts should follow very shortly. </p> Mon, 04 Jul 2016 18:30:13 +0200 Victoria pineapples | Quality products in any agroclimatic conditions http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/victoria-pineapples-quality-products-in-any-agroclimatic-conditions http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/victoria-pineapples-quality-products-in-any-agroclimatic-conditions <p> In Réunion, Queen Victoria pineapples are grown under different climatic conditions, but also with different fertilisation and irrigation practices. In these conditions, their development and especially the quality of fruit are highly variable. Their sweetness, which is very popular with consumers, may therefore be difficult for producers to predict. To enable them to better manage their plots and the quality of their fruit, a team from CIRAD has just simulated pineapple growth and sugar content at harvest according to climate and to cultural practices. </p> <p> The Queen Victoria pineapples grown in Réunion are very sweet, and are particularly popular with consumers. However, for producers, that sweetness is difficult to predict. This variety is grown under different climatic conditions, but also with different fertilization and irrigation practices. In these conditions, their development and especially the quality of fruit are highly variable. To help producers manage their plots and the quality of their fruit better, a team from CIRAD has recommended using a simulation model (Simpiña-Sugar) derived from work on peaches. The model serves to simulate pineapple growth and sugar content at harvest according to climate and to cropping practices. </p> Tue, 28 Jun 2016 11:42:07 +0200 Agrimonde−Terra: the narrow roads to global food security http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/agrimonde-terra-the-narrow-roads-to-global-food-security http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/agrimonde-terra-the-narrow-roads-to-global-food-security <p> How will agricultural land occupation change in the coming decades? As a result of which factors? How will the tensions between food security and climate change mitigation pan out? The Agrimonde-Terra foresight study, conducted by scientists from CIRAD and INRA with the support of global experts, set out to answer these questions via five land use and food security scenarios. </p> Fri, 24 Jun 2016 17:15:57 +0200 Heat-treated wood: quality control suited to the industrial context http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/heat-treated-wood-quality-control-suited-to-the-industrial-context http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/science/heat-treated-wood-quality-control-suited-to-the-industrial-context <p> Heat treatment of wood consists in heating the material at a high temperature for several hours. This process gives wood new chemical and mechanical properties, especially better resistance to decay. But these properties differ according to treatment methods and depending on the species concerned and the products, both finished and unfinished, made from natural wood. The properties of treated wood can therefore differ substantially from one firm to another, and it is essential to control their quality. To ensure effective quality control of such woods, CIRAD and its partners have identified the methods best suited to an industrial context, such as spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, chemical analyses and mechanical analyses. To this end, they conducted a vast bibliographical review of methods for analysing the quality of heat treated wood, their advantages and disadvantages and, in particular, their potential for industrial use. </p> Wed, 22 Jun 2016 16:27:06 +0200 Le Cirad participe à la Nuit de l'Agro-écologie http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/nuit-de-l-agro-ecologie http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/nuit-de-l-agro-ecologie <p> Le Cirad participe à la Nuit de l'Agro-écologie le 23 juin à 18h à Montpellier SupAgro. Au programme de la soirée : des présentations d'un MOOC en Agro-écologie et d'une innovation en protection agroécologique des cultures maraîchères, et un débat &quot;L'Agro-écologie : effet de mode ou projet de société ?&quot;. </p> Mon, 20 Jun 2016 12:37:55 +0200 International Conference, 12-14 Dec. 2016 | Agri-Chains and Sustainable Development: linking local and global dynamics http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/agri-chains-and-sustainable-development-linking-local-and-global-dynamics http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/agri-chains-and-sustainable-development-linking-local-and-global-dynamics <p> CIRAD is working with a range of partners to organize an international conference on &quot;Agri-Chains and Sustainable Development: linking local and global dynamics&quot;. The aim of the event is to debate the role of agricultural value chains in translating the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into reality. Up to 250 development researchers and players are expected to attend, from 12 to 14 December 2016. </p> Fri, 17 Jun 2016 15:57:57 +0200 Dictionnaire des sciences animales http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/dictionnaire-des-sciences-animales http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/dictionnaire-des-sciences-animales <p> This on-line animal science dictionary, produced by CIRAD, comprises more than 31 000 articles on words and expressions directly concerning animals, or linked to animals, such as their ecosystems and husbandry, particularly in warm régions. It is illustrated by more than 9000 photos and drawings. </p> Fri, 10 Jun 2016 12:14:55 +0200 Bois et forêts des tropiques No. 327 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/bois-et-forets-des-tropiques-no.-327 http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/ca-vient-de-sortir/bois-et-forets-des-tropiques-no.-327 <p> A new issue of the journal <em>Bois et forêts des Tropiques,</em> published by CIRAD. All items are free to access on <a href="http://bft.cirad.fr/" target="_self" rel="self" rev="width:100_height:100">the website of the magazine</a>. </p> Fri, 10 Jun 2016 11:50:09 +0200 European Development Days 2016 | Evaluating the sustainability of agricultural value chains and rethinking their transformations http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/evaluating-the-sustainability-of-agricultural-value-chains-and-rethinking-their-transformations http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/evenements/evaluating-the-sustainability-of-agricultural-value-chains-and-rethinking-their-transformations <p> CIRAD will be at the European Development Days, taking place next 15th and 16th June in Brussels. The EDD will focus on the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. CIRAD will be organizing, in partnership with the Secretariat of ACP Countries, a lab debate about the evaluation of tropical agricultural value chains with regards to sustainable development and their transformative potential towards sustainability. </p> Tue, 07 Jun 2016 11:22:37 +0200 ATBC 2016: Reconciling conservation and sustainable use of tropical biodiversity http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/atbc-2016-reconciling-conservation-and-sustainable-use-of-tropical-biodiversity http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2016/atbc-2016-reconciling-conservation-and-sustainable-use-of-tropical-biodiversity <p class="MsoNormal"> <strong>From 19 to 23 June 2016, more than 700 experts from 51 countries will be in Montpellier for the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation (ATBC), co-organized by CIRAD. The aim? To find the answer to a crucial question: &quot;How can we reconcile conservation and sustainable use of tropical biodiversity?&quot;. </strong> </p> Mon, 06 Jun 2016 18:26:44 +0200 CIRAD and the authorities in Martinique have joined forces http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/cirad-ctm-general-agreement http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/cirad-ctm-general-agreement <p> CIRAD's President Managing Director and the President of the Executive Council of the local authority in Martinique signed a general agreement in May. Through its research and expertise, CIRAD will be supporting the authority's agricultural development and sustainable resource management policy, for the benefit of the island as a whole. </p> Thu, 02 Jun 2016 11:55:21 +0200 Jobs | CIRAD announces 30 new vacancies http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/jobs-cirad-announces-30-new-vacancies http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2016/institutionnel/jobs-cirad-announces-30-new-vacancies <p> Employment is a major priority for CIRAD, which recently announced a first wave of 30 new job vacancies as of May 2016. The posts concern a wide range of professional fields, in both research units and support services. A further 15 or so vacancies are due to be announced in a second recruitment drive this autumn. </p> Thu, 26 May 2016 16:40:19 +0200