CIRAD - Actualités / News eng-GB Palms of controversies - Oil palm and development challenges <p> Initialement publié en français, l'ouvrage <em>La palme des controverses</em> est désormais disponible en anglais sous le titre <em>Palms of controversies</em> et téléchargeable gratuitement en ligne. Cet ouvrage présente l’ensemble de la filière de production et de transformation de l’huile de palme, depuis la culture du palmier à huile jusqu’à l’utilisation de l’huile de palme dans des produits courants. L’ouvrage vise à apporter des informations globales et équilibrées sur un sujet très controversé dans les médias et la perception du grand public. </p> Thu, 23 Oct 2014 17:19:46 +0200 Élaborer et mettre en œuvre une stratégie d’information <p> Après la version anglaise, le cours numérique Imark sur l’élaboration et la mise en œuvre d’une stratégie d’information est désormais également disponible en français. </p> Thu, 23 Oct 2014 16:22:08 +0200 Políticas públicas y agriculturas familiares en América Latina y el Caribe : balance, desafíos y perspectivas <p> L’ouvrage <em>Políticas públicas y agriculturas familiares en América Latina y el Caribe : balance, desafíos y perspectivas</em> présente la diversité des agricultures familiales en Amérique latine ainsi que celle des politiques publiques qui lui sont dédiées. Il rassemble les résultats d’une étude menée par le Cirad et vingt partenaires latino-américains. Il constitue un des socles des débats organisés dans le cadre du séminaire international <em>Politicas publicas y agricultura familiar en América Latine y el Caribe</em> qui se tient du 2 au 5 novembre 2014 à Santiago du Chili. </p> Thu, 23 Oct 2014 12:05:41 +0200 Mieux valoriser les agricultures familiales en Amérique latine <p> Du 2 au 5 novembre 2014 à Santiago du Chili, l’agriculture familiale en Amérique latine sera au centre de l’attention des décideurs et spécialistes des politiques publiques. Le Cirad, la Cepal, la FAO, le FIDA, le ministère de l’Agriculture du Chili et l’IICA y organisent, dans le cadre de l’année internationale de l’agriculture familiale, le séminaire international <em>Políticas públicas y agricultura familiar en América Latina y el Caribe.</em> </p> Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:58:12 +0200 On the web: the Vanuatu herbarium <p> 9000 spécimens de près de 1000 espèces, 700 photos descriptives, des cartes… Découvrez la diversité végétale de l’archipel du Vanuatu sur le site internet de l’herbier du Vanuatu. </p> Tue, 21 Oct 2014 12:18:29 +0200 Knowledge legitimization, the keystone of participatory research <p> Participatory approaches are currently fashionable. However, if they involve research, things are not always self-evident, particularly if knowledge of many origins is at stake. In a study of participatory research, an anthropologist and a specialist in information and communication sciences looked at the ways in which knowledge was legitimized within a project in Senegal. </p> <p> How can scientific knowledge be legitimized? Within this project, two local players, a farmers' association leader and a marabout, were involved. The marabout, for instance, translated the issues at stake by making public reference to surahs from the Koran. However, legitimization must also apply to local knowledge, from the point of view of scientists. In this case too, novel techniques were developed. The use of photos by the various players, combined with surveys, served to reveal and set out the viewpoints of each stakeholder. </p> <p> The study also showed that the legitimization process led to a change in the stakeholders' social status: the smallholders' leader now describes himself as a &quot;peasant microbiologist&quot;, while the marabout boosted his religious knowledge by translating the scientific knowledge. Lastly, from the researchers' point of view, a clear distinction can be made between two concepts of research: international production of advanced science within a highly competitive context, and the development of participatory science concerned with relevance and social issues. </p> Fri, 17 Oct 2014 15:32:00 +0200 CIRAD at the Salon du chocolat <p> CIRAD is participating in the twentieth <em>Salon du chocolat</em> under the banner of &quot;Looking for the cocoas of the future&quot;, from 20 October to 2 November 2014 in Paris (Porte de Versailles exhibition centre, Hall 5, Stand E22). </p> Mon, 13 Oct 2014 11:54:29 +0200 Biodiversity and ecosystem services make good bedfellows <p class="MsoNormal"> Zones identified as biodiversity hotspots can also be of use for other ecosystem services, such as carbon sequestration, water conservation and landscape quality. This is not necessarily the case for zones with large amounts of carbon, which have fewer advantages in terms of other ecosystem services. These were the conclusions drawn from a study in Costa Rica by a team from CIRAD, CIFOR and CATIE. The results could have repercussions for the choice of zones to be protected under initiatives aimed at mitigating emissions caused by deforestation, such as REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation). </p> Fri, 10 Oct 2014 18:08:25 +0200 When biological control changes the diet of predators <p> Cover crops can foster natural pest regulation by enabling predator populations to thrive. However, they can also significantly modify the diet of those predators. A team from CIRAD recently proved this by identifying the prey eaten by banana weevil predators in plantations in Martinique, using the DNA metabarcoding technique. This was a first in terms of the use of this DNA analysis technique in situ. </p> <p> </p> Wed, 08 Oct 2014 12:38:53 +0200 Le Cirad fête la science <p> Les scientifiques sont sur le pont pour la Fête de la science que ce soit en métropole ou en Outre-mer (à des dates différées). </p> Mon, 06 Oct 2014 15:30:55 +0200 The tilapia has been sequenced <p> The genomes of five species of cichlids, which include tilapia, were recently sequenced and compared by the <a href="" target="_self">CGC (Cichlid Genome Consortium</a>), of which CIRAD is a member. </p> <p> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> The results were published in the 18 September issue of the journal <em>Nature</em> . </p> Mon, 29 Sep 2014 12:23:33 +0200 A new global network to measure the resilience of managed forests <p> Illegal logging, deforestation, biodiversity losses, etc, etc; logged forests often have a bad press. However, the concept of rational logging is now making headway. A global network of institutions – the Tropical managed Forests Observatory – is looking for the first time, on a regional and pan-tropical scale, at the resilience of these forests after selective logging. Its work concerns three main forest regions: the Amazon, Congo Basin, and Southeast Asia. The project is coordinated by CIRAD and funded by the CGIAR Forest Tree and Agroforestry programme, which involves twenty research organizations. </p> Fri, 26 Sep 2014 16:21:34 +0200 CIRAD joins the Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture <p> The Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture was launched on 23 September, during the Global Climate Summit organized by the UN in New York under the aegis of Ban Ki-Moon. Following France's example, CIRAD President Michel Eddi, was in New York to sign the organization up to the Alliance. </p> Fri, 26 Sep 2014 14:06:43 +0200 Climate change and agriculture <p> To mark the Global Climate Summit organized in New York from 23 to 25 September 2014 by the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, CIRAD has compiled a report entitled &quot;Climate change and agriculture&quot;. </p> Mon, 22 Sep 2014 17:10:58 +0200 Coffee: smaller collections to help address future challenges <p> Small-scale genetic resource collections, which are easier to manage and maintain than the vast collections currently held by research centres worldwide. This is what researchers from CIRAD and their partners recently built for the coffee species <em>Coffea canephora,</em> which produces Robusta coffee. These core collections are valuable tools for breeders. Within a small number of accessions, they cover the same genetic information as the huge current field collections. They should make it possible to address the new issues now facing coffee producers, be they related to pests and diseases or to climate change. </p> <p> </p> Mon, 22 Sep 2014 15:30:13 +0200 AGROnews Antilles-Guyane No. 4 <p> A new issue of AGROnews Antilles-Caraïbe (West Indies-French Guiana), with a report on the &quot;pesticide&quot; risk, notably the case of chlordecone in the West Indies. </p> Wed, 17 Sep 2014 16:55:06 +0200 Sticky or firm? A model to predict cooked rice texture <p class="MsoNormal"> When cooked in little water, depending on the chosen cooking time and temperature, rice develops specific stickiness and firmness characteristics. Based on this observation, a team from CIRAD designed a mathematical model that describes the water transfer, swelling and starch gelatinization that occur in rice grains during cooking. The eventual aim is to design innovative rice cookers that could offer cooking programmes tailored to the more or less firm or sticky texture sought by different consumer groups. </p> Fri, 12 Sep 2014 16:17:53 +0200 FAO symposium: international experts take stock of agroecology <p> On the joint initiative of the FAO and the French Ministry of Agriculture, the FAO and its partners, including CIRAD and INRA, are organizing an <strong>International Symposium on AgroEcology for Food Security and Nutrition</strong> in Rome (Italy) on 18 and 19 September<strong>.</strong> </p> Wed, 10 Sep 2014 10:22:38 +0200 Launch of Climate Challenge, an international competition on agricultural innovation to address climate change <p> Agence Française de Développement (AFD) and the Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) have launched the first international competition “Climate Challenge Agriculture and Forestry”, which promotes agricultural and forestry innovation to address climate change. Anne Paugam, Chief Executive Officer of AFD, and Michel Eddi, Chairman of CIRAD presented this competition on 9 September 2014 during the 7th edition of the Convergences World Forum, which gathers public, private and solidarity-based actors who are working to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. </p> Tue, 09 Sep 2014 16:59:51 +0200 Large trees, a key element in Amazon rainforest dynamics <p> Large trees play a vital role in the carbon balance of logged forests. This was the conclusion drawn by a study in the Brazilian Amazon by CIRAD and EMBRAPA. By sparing large trees, reducing logging intensity and being paid compensation for doing so, logging firms can greatly improve their sustainability. An additional benefit is the improved functioning of the whole forest ecosystem, for which these trees are of major ecological value. </p> Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:23:20 +0200